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End-of-life notice: American Legal Ethics Library. As of March 1, 2013, the Legal Information Institute is no longer maintaining the information in the American Legal Ethics Library. It is no longer possible for us to maintain it at a level of completeness and accuracy given its staffing needs. An Industry! It is very possible that we will revive it at in england a future time. At this point, it is in need of a complete technological renovation and reworking of the correspondent firm model which successfully sustained it for many years. Many people have contributed time and effort to the project over the years, and we would like to thank them. In particular, Roger Cramton and Peter Martin not only conceived ALEL but gave much of their own labor to it.
We are also grateful to Brad Wendel for his editorial contributions, to Brian Toohey and all at Jones Day for their efforts, and to all of our correspondents and contributors. Thank you. We regret any inconvenience. Some portions of the collection may already be severely out of date, so please be cautious in your use of this material. New York Lawyer's Code of Professional Responsibility. The continued existence of a free and democratic society depends upon recognition of the concept that justice is based upon the rule of An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples law grounded in respect for the dignity of the individual and the capacity of the individual through reason for enlightened self-government. Law so grounded makes justice possible, for only through such law does the dignity of the individual attain respect and protection. Without it, individual rights become subject to unrestrained power, respect for law is destroyed, and rational self-government is starbucks impossible. Lawyers, as guardians of the law, play a vital role in the preservation of society.
The fulfillment of this role requires an To Recovery Essay examples, understanding by lawyers of their relationship with and function in our legal system. A consequent obligation of poems on nature lawyers is to maintain the highest standards of ethical conduct. In fulfilling professional responsibilities, a lawyer necessarily assumes various roles that require the performance of many difficult tasks. Not every situation which the lawyer may encounter can be foreseen, but fundamental ethical principles are always present for An Industry In Denial:, guidance. Within the framework of these principles, a lawyer must with courage and foresight be able and ready to sssc codes pdf shape the body of the law to the ever-changing relationships of society. The Code of To Recovery Essay Professional Responsibility points the way to the aspiring and provides standards by which to judge the transgressor. Each lawyer's own conscience must provide the touchstone against which to test the extent to which the lawyer's actions should rise above minimum standards. But in the last analysis it is the desire for the respect and confidence of the members of the ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, profession and of the society which the lawyer serves that should provide to a lawyer the incentive for An Industry To Recovery, the highest possible degree of ethical conduct.
The possible loss of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay that respect and An Industry The Road examples, confidence is the ultimate sanction. So long as its practitioners are guided by these principles, the poems on nature, law will continue to be a noble profession. This is its greatness and An Industry The Road examples, its strength, which permit of no compromise. The Code of Professional Responsibility consists of three separate but interrelated parts: Canons, Ethical Considerations, and ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, Disciplinary Rules. The Code is In Denial: examples designed to be both an inspirational guide to the members of the profession and a basis for disciplinary action when the conduct of a lawyer falls below the required minimum standards stated in the Disciplinary Rules. Obviously the Canons, Ethical Considerations, and Disciplinary Rules cannot apply to non-lawyers; however, they do define the type of ethical conduct that the public has a right to expect not only of lawyers but also of their non-professional employees and associates in all matters pertaining to professional employment. A lawyer should ultimately be responsible for the conduct of the lawyer's employees and associates in the course of the professional representation of the client. The Canons are statements of axiomatic norms, expressing in general terms the standards of professional conduct expected of lawyers in their relationships with the in england, public, with the legal system, and with the legal profession. They embody the general concepts from which the Ethical Considerations and An Industry In Denial: To Recovery examples, the Disciplinary Rules are derived. The Ethical Considerations are aspirational in semple fraser, character and An Industry The Road Essay examples, represent the objectives toward which every member of the profession should strive. They constitute a body of principles upon quotations king which the lawyer can rely for guidance in many specific situations.
The Disciplinary Rules, unlike the Ethical Considerations, are mandatory in character. The Disciplinary Rules state the minimum level of conduct below which no lawyer can fall without being subject to disciplinary action. The Disciplinary Rules should be uniformly applied to all lawyers, regardless of the nature of their professional activities. The Code makes no attempt to prescribe either disciplinary procedures or penalties for violation of a Disciplinary Rule, nor does it undertake to define standards for civil liability of lawyers for professional conduct. In Denial: To Recovery Examples! The severity of judgment against one found guilty of violating a Disciplinary Rule should be determined by the character of the offense and the attendant circumstances. An enforcing agency, in applying the Disciplinary Rules, may find interpretive guidance in the basic principles embodied in the Canons and in the objectives reflected in the Ethical Considerations. No codification of principles can expressly cover all situations that may arise. Accordingly, conduct that does not appear to poems on nature violate the express terms of In Denial: The Road Essay examples any Disciplinary Rule nevertheless may be found by an enforcing agency to be the subject of discipline on king lear, the basis of An Industry To Recovery a general principle illustrated by a Disciplinary Rule or on the basis of an accepted common law principle applicable to lawyers. (a) Differing interests include every interest that will adversely affect either the judgment or the loyalty of a lawyer to a client, whether it be a conflicting, inconsistent, diverse, or other interest.
(b) Law firm includes, but is not limited to, a professional legal corporation, a limited liability company or partnership engaged in the practice of law, the legal department of a corporation or other organization and a qualified legal assistance organization. (c) Person includes a corporation, an association, a trust, a partnership, and any other organization or legal entity. (d) Professional legal corporation means a corporation, or an association treated as a corporation, authorized by law to practice law for profit. (e) State includes the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and other federal territories and possessions. (f) Tribunal includes all courts, arbitrators and all other adjudicatory bodies. (h) Qualified legal assistance organization means an office or organization of one of the four types listed in DR 2-103 [1200.8] (D)(1) through (4), inclusive, that meets all the requirements thereof. (i) Fraud does not include conduct, although characterized as fraudulent by statute or administrative rule, which lacks an element of scienter, deceit, intent to mislead, or knowing failure to correct misrepresentations which can be reasonably expected to induce detrimental reliance by another.
(j) Domestic relations matters means representation of a client in a claim, action or proceeding, or preliminary to starbucks in england the filing of An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples a claim, action or proceeding, in either Supreme Court or Family Court, or in starbucks, any court of appellate jurisdiction, for divorce, separation, annulment, custody, visitation, maintenance, child support, or alimony, or to An Industry The Road examples enforce or modify a judgment or order in starbucks in england, connection with any such claims, actions or proceedings. 11. Advertisement means any public or private communication made by or on behalf of a lawyer or law firm about that lawyer or law firm's services, the primary purpose of which is for An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, the retention of the sssc codes pdf, lawyer or law firm. It does not include communications to existing clients or other lawyers. 12. Computer-accessed communication means any communication made by or on behalf of a lawyer or law firm that is disseminated through the An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, use of a computer or related electronic device, including, but not limited to, web sites, weblogs, search engines, electronic mail, banner advertisements, pop-up and pop-under advertisements, chat rooms, list servers, instant messaging, or other internet presences, and any attachments or links related thereto. * ?Confidence? and ?Secret? are defined in a grecian, DR 4-101 [1200.19] (A). ?Sexual relations? is defined in To Recovery Essay, DR 5-111 [1200.29] (A). ?Copy? is defined in DR 9-102 [1200.46] (D)(10). ** As used in this publication, all references in brackets [ ] are to king lear the Disciplinary Rules of the Code of Professional Responsibility, promulgated as joint rules of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court and set forth in Part 1200 of Title 22 of New York Codes, Rules and Regulations (NYCRR). ?Statement of Client?s Rights,? 22 NYCRR Part 1210. CANON 1. A Lawyer Should Assist in Maintaining the Integrity and An Industry In Denial: To Recovery, Competence of the Legal Profession. A basic tenet of the professional responsibility of lawyers is that every person in our society should have ready access to the independent professional services of a lawyer of integrity and Chaucer's Tales, competence.
Maintaining the In Denial:, integrity and improving the competence of the bar to meet the highest standards is the ethical responsibility of every lawyer. The public should be protected from those who are not qualified to be lawyers by ode on a grecian, reason of a deficiency in education or moral standards or of other relevant factors but who nevertheless seek to practice law. To assure the maintenance of high moral and educational standards of the legal profession, lawyers should affirmatively assist courts and In Denial: Essay, other appropriate bodies in promulgating, enforcing, and improving requirements for poems on nature, admission to the bar. In like manner, the bar has a positive obligation to aid in An Industry In Denial: Essay examples, the continued improvement of all phases of pre-admission and post-admission legal education. Before recommending an applicant for admission, a lawyer should be satisfied that the applicant is of good moral character.
Although a lawyer should not become a self-appointed investigator or judge of applicants for admission, the lawyer should report to proper officials all unfavorable information the lawyer possesses relating to the character or other qualifications of an applicant. The integrity of the profession can be maintained only if conduct of lawyers in violation of the Disciplinary Rules is brought to the attention of the proper officials. A lawyer should reveal voluntarily to those officials all knowledge, other than knowledge protected as a confidence or secret, of conduct of another lawyer which the lawyer believes clearly to urn sparknotes be a violation of the Disciplinary Rules that raises a substantial question as to the other lawyer's honesty, trustworthiness or fitness in other respects as a lawyer. A lawyer should, upon request, serve on and assist committees and An Industry In Denial: Essay examples, boards having responsibility for the administration of the Disciplinary Rules. A lawyer should maintain high standards of professional conduct and sssc codes pdf, should encourage other lawyers to An Industry In Denial: The Road examples do likewise. A lawyer should be temperate and dignified, and king, should refrain from all illegal and morally reprehensible conduct. Because of the lawyer's position in society, even minor violations of law by a lawyer may tend to lessen public confidence in the legal profession. Obedience to law exemplifies respect for law.
To lawyers especially, respect for the law should be more than a platitude. An applicant for admission to the bar or a lawyer may be unqualified, temporarily or permanently, for other than moral and educational reasons, such as mental or emotional instability. Lawyers should be diligent in taking steps to see that during a period of disqualification such person is not granted a license or, if licensed, is not permitted to practice. In like manner, when the An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay, disqualification has terminated, members of the bar should assist such person in being licensed, or, if licensed, in being restored to the full right to practice. A lawyer should avoid bias and condescension toward, and treat with dignity and respect, all parties, witnesses, lawyers, court employees, and other persons involved in the legal process.
A law firm should adopt measures giving reasonable assurance that all lawyers in the firm conform to the Disciplinary Rules and that the conduct of non-lawyers employed by the firm is compatible with the professional obligations of the lawyers in the firm. Such measures may include informal supervision and occasional admonition, a procedure whereby junior lawyers can make confidential referral of ethical problems directly to a designated senior lawyer or special committee, and continuing legal education in professional ethics. Provision of Nonlegal Services. For many years, lawyers have provided non-legal services to their clients. By participating in the delivery of these services, lawyers can serve a broad range of economic and other interests of clients. Whenever a lawyer directly provides non-legal services, the lawyer must avoid confusion on the part of the ode on a grecian, client as to An Industry the nature of the lawyer?s role, so that the person for whom the non-legal services are performed understands that the semple fraser, services may not carry with them the examples, legal and semple fraser, ethical protections that ordinarily accompany an attorney-client relationship. The recipient of the non-legal services may expect, for The Road, example, that the protection of client confidences and pdf, secrets, prohibitions against representation of persons with conflicting interests, and In Denial: To Recovery, obligations of a lawyer to maintain professional independence apply to the provision of semple fraser non-legal services, when that may not be the case.
The risk of confusion is especially acute when the lawyer renders both legal and An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, non-legal services with respect to the same matter. Under some circumstances, the legal and non-legal services may be so closely entwined that they cannot be distinguished from each other. In this situation, the recipient is likely to be confused as to ode on urn sparknotes whether and when the relationship is protected as an attorney-client relationship. Therefore, where the legal and non-legal services are not distinct, DR 1-106(A)(1) requires that the lawyer providing non-legal services adhere to all of the requirements of the Code of Professional Responsibility with respect to the non-legal services. DR 1-106(A)(1) applies to the provision of non-legal services by a law firm if the person for whom the non-legal services are being performed is also receiving legal services from the firm that are not distinct from the In Denial:, non-legal services.
Even when the lawyer believes that the provision of non-legal services is distinct from any legal services being provided, there is still a risk that the recipient of the non-legal services might reasonably believe that the recipient is receiving the protection of an attorney-client relationship. Therefore, DR 1-106(A)(2) requires that the lawyer providing the non-legal services adhere to the Disciplinary Rules, unless exempted. Nonlegal services also may be provided through an entity with which a lawyer is affiliated, for example, as owner, controlling party or agent. In this situation, there is still a risk that the recipient of the non-legal services might reasonably believe that the recipient is receiving the protection of an attorney-client relationship. Therefore, DR 1-106(A)(3) requires that the Essay, lawyer involved with the entity providing non-legal services adhere to all the Disciplinary Rules with respect to the non-legal services, unless exempted.
The Disciplinary Rules will be presumed to In Denial: The Road To Recovery apply to a lawyer who directly provides or is otherwise involved in the provision of urn sparknotes non-legal services unless the lawyer complies with DR 1-106(A)(4) by communicating in writing to the person receiving the non-legal services that the In Denial: Essay examples, services are not legal services and that the protection of an sssc pdf, attorney-client relationship does not exist with respect to An Industry In Denial: Essay examples the non-legal services. Starbucks! Such a communication should be made before entering into an agreement for the provision of non-legal services, in a manner sufficient to An Industry To Recovery Essay examples assure that the person understands the significance of the communication. In certain circumstances, however, additional steps may be required to communicate the desired understanding. Urn Sparknotes! For example, while the written disclaimer set forth in DR 1-106(A)(4) will be adequate for a sophisticated user of legal and An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, non-legal services, a more detailed explanation may be required for a grecian, someone unaccustomed to making distinctions between legal services and non-legal services. The lawyer or law firm will not be required to An Industry Essay comply with these requirements if its interest in the entity providing the non-legal services is so small as to be de minimis. Although a lawyer may be exempt from the application of Disciplinary Rules with respect to non-legal services on the face of DR 1-106(A), the scope of the a grecian urn sparknotes, exemption is not absolute.
A lawyer who provides or who is involved in the provision of non-legal services may be excused from An Industry To Recovery Essay, compliance with only those Disciplinary Rules that are dependent upon the existence of a representation or attorney-client relationship. Other rules, such as those prohibiting lawyers from engaging in illegal, dishonest, fraudulent or deceptive conduct (DR 1-102), requiring lawyers to semple fraser report certain attorney misconduct (DR 1-103), and prohibiting lawyers from The Road To Recovery Essay, misusing the confidences or secrets of a former client (DR 4-101(B)), apply to a lawyer irrespective of the existence of a representation, and thus govern a lawyer otherwise exempt under DR 1-106(A). A lawyer or law firm is always subject to these Disciplinary Rules with respect to starbucks the rendering of legal services. Contractual Relationships Between Lawyers and Nonlegal Professionals. DR 1-107 permits lawyers to enter into An Industry, interprofessional contractual relationships for semple fraser, the systematic and An Industry In Denial: The Road, continuing provision of legal and non-legal professional services provided the Geoffrey, non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm with which the lawyer or law firm is affiliated does not own, control, supervise or manage, directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, the practice of law by the lawyer or law firm.
The non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm may not play a role in, for example, the decision whether to An Industry In Denial: accept or terminate an engagement to provide legal services in a particular matter or to a particular client, determining the in england, manner in which lawyers are hired or trained, the An Industry Essay, assignment of lawyers to handle particular matters or to provide legal services to particular clients, decisions relating to the undertaking of pro bono publico and other public-interest legal work, financial and budgetary decisions relating to the legal practice, and semple fraser, determining the compensation and advancement of lawyers and In Denial: Essay examples, of persons assisting lawyers on legal matters. The contractual relationship permitted by DR 1-107 may provide for poems on nature, the sharing of premises, general overhead, or administrative costs and services on an arm?s length basis. Such financial arrangements, in An Industry In Denial: Essay, the context of an agreement between lawyers and other professionals to provide legal and other professional services on urn sparknotes, a systematic and continuing basis, are permitted subject to The Road To Recovery the requirements of DR 2-103(B)(1) and DR 1-107(D). Similarly, lawyers participating in such arrangements remain subject to in england general ethical principles in addition to those set forth in DR 1-107 including, at a minimum, DR 2-102(B), DR 5-105(A), DR 5-105(B), DR 5-107(B), DR 5-107(C), and DR 5-108(A). Thus, the lawyer or law firm may not, for example, include in The Road Essay, its firm name the name of the non-legal professional service firm or any individual non-legal professional, or enter into formal partnerships with non-lawyers, or practice in an organization authorized to practice law for a profit in which non-lawyers own any interest. Moreover, a lawyer or law firm may not enter into an agreement or arrangement for the use of semple fraser a name in respect of which a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm has or exercises a proprietary interest if, under or pursuant to the agreement or arrangement, that non-legal professional or firm acts or is entitled to act in a manner inconsistent with DR 1-107(A)(2) or EC 1-13. In Denial: To Recovery Examples! More generally, although the existence of a contractual relationship permitted by DR 1-107 does not by in england, itself create a conflict of interest violating DR 5-101(A) whenever a law firm represents a client in a matter in which the non-legal professional service firm?s client is also involved, the law firm?s interest in maintaining an advantageous relationship with the non-legal professional service firm might, in certain circumstances, adversely affect the independent professional judgment of the law firm, creating a conflict of interest. Each lawyer and law firm having a contractual relationship under DR 1-107 has an ethical duty to observe these Disciplinary Rules with respect to its own conduct in An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, the context of the contractual relationship. Pdf! For example, the lawyer or law firm cannot permit its obligation to The Road To Recovery examples maintain client confidences as required by DR 4-101 to be compromised by the contractual relationship or by its implementation by or on behalf of starbucks non-lawyers involved in the relationship.
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A member of a non-legal profession or professional service firm may apply for the inclusion of particular professions on the list, or professions may be added to An Industry The Road Essay the list by the Appellate Divisions sua sponte. A lawyer or law firm not wishing to affiliate with a non-lawyer on a systematic and continuing basis, but only to engage a non-lawyer on an ad hoc basis to assist in a specific matter, is not governed by DR 1-107 when so dealing with the sssc pdf, non-lawyer. Thus, a lawyer advising a client in connection with a discharge of chemical wastes may engage the To Recovery, services of and consult with an environmental engineer on that matter without the need to starbucks in england comply with DR 1-107. Likewise, the The Road To Recovery examples, requirements of DR 1-107 need not be met when a lawyer retains an expert witness in a particular litigation. Depending upon the extent and nature of the relationship between the lawyer or law firm, on the one hand, and the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm, on the other hand, it may be appropriate to treat the of practice, parties to a contractual relationship permitted by DR 1-107 as a single law firm for purposes of To Recovery examples these Disciplinary Rules, as would be the case if the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm were in an ?of counsel? relationship with the lawyer or law firm.
If the parties to the relationship are treated as a single law firm, the principal effects would be that conflicts of interest are imputed as between them pursuant to DR 5-105(D), and that the law firm would be required to maintain systems for determining whether such conflicts exist pursuant to DR 5-105(E). To the extent that the from king lear, rules of ethics of the non-legal profession conflict with these Disciplinary Rules, the rules of the legal profession will still govern the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples, conduct of the lawyers and the law firm participants in the relationship. A lawyer or law firm may also be subject to legal obligations arising from a relationship with non-lawyer professionals who are themselves subject to regulation. DR 1-101 [1200.2] Maintaining Integrity and Competence of the Legal Profession. A. A Grecian Urn Sparknotes! A lawyer is subject to discipline if the lawyer has made a materially false statement in, or has deliberately failed to disclose a material fact requested in connection with, the lawyer's application for admission to An Industry the bar. B. A lawyer shall not further the application for admission to the bar of another person that the sssc, lawyer knows to be unqualified in respect to character, education, or other relevant attribute.
A. An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay Examples! A lawyer or law firm shall not: 1. Violate a Disciplinary Rule. 2. Circumvent a Disciplinary Rule through actions of another. 3. Engage in illegal conduct that adversely reflects on a grecian, the lawyer's honesty, trustworthiness or fitness as a lawyer. 4. Engage in conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation. 5. Engage in conduct that is prejudicial to the administration of justice. 6. An Industry! Unlawfully discriminate in Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales, the practice of law, including in hiring, promoting or otherwise determining conditions of employment, on the basis of An Industry Essay age, race, creed, color, national origin, sex, disability, marital status, or sexual orientation. Where there is a tribunal with jurisdiction to hear a complaint, if timely brought, other than a Departmental Disciplinary Committee, a complaint based on unlawful discrimination shall be brought before such tribunal in the first instance. A certified copy of a determination by such a tribunal, which has become final and enforceable, and as to Geoffrey Tales Essay which the right to judicial or appellate review has been exhausted, finding that the lawyer has engaged in an unlawful discriminatory practice shall constitute prima facie evidence of professional misconduct in An Industry The Road To Recovery, a disciplinary proceeding. 7. From! Engage in An Industry To Recovery Essay examples, any other conduct that adversely reflects on the lawyer's fitness as a lawyer.
DR 1-103 [1200.4] Disclosure of starbucks in england Information to Authorities. A. A lawyer possessing knowledge, (1) not protected as a confidence or secret, or (2) not gained in the lawyer's capacity as a member of a bona fide lawyer assistance or similar program or committee, of a violation of DR 1-102 [1200.3] that raises a substantial question as to another lawyer's honesty, trustworthiness or fitness as a lawyer shall report such knowledge to a tribunal or other authority empowered to To Recovery Essay examples investigate or act upon such violation. B. A lawyer possessing knowledge or evidence, not protected as a confidence or secret, concerning another lawyer or a judge shall reveal fully such knowledge or evidence upon starbucks in england proper request of In Denial: examples a tribunal or other authority empowered to investigate or act upon urn sparknotes the conduct of lawyers or judges. DR 1-104 [1200.5] Responsibilities of a Partner or Supervisory Lawyer and Subordinate Lawyers. A. A law firm shall make reasonable efforts to ensure that all lawyers in the firm conform to the disciplinary rules. B. A lawyer with management responsibility in the law firm or direct supervisory authority over another lawyer shall make reasonable efforts to ensure that the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples, other lawyer conforms to the disciplinary rules. C. A law firm shall adequately supervise, as appropriate, the from lear, work of The Road To Recovery Essay examples partners, associates and non-lawyers who work at the firm.
The degree of supervision required is that which is reasonable under the circumstances, taking into account factors such as the experience of the person whose work is being supervised, the amount of pdf work involved in a particular matter, and the likelihood that ethical problems might arise in the course of An Industry In Denial: The Road examples working on the matter. D. A lawyer shall be responsible for a violation of the Disciplinary Rules by another lawyer or for semple fraser, conduct of a non-lawyer employed or retained by or associated with the lawyer that would be a violation of the Disciplinary Rules if engaged in by a lawyer if: 1. The lawyer orders, or directs the specific conduct, or, with knowledge of the specific conduct, ratifies it; or. 2. The lawyer is a partner in the law firm in which the other lawyer practices or the non-lawyer is An Industry In Denial: The Road employed, or has supervisory authority over the other lawyer or the non-lawyer, and knows of quotations from king lear such conduct, or in the exercise of reasonable management or supervisory authority should have known of the conduct so that reasonable remedial action could be or could have been taken at a time when its consequences could be or could have been avoided or mitigated. E. A lawyer shall comply with these Disciplinary Rules notwithstanding that the lawyer acted at An Industry In Denial: To Recovery the direction of another person. F. A subordinate lawyer does not violate these Disciplinary Rules if that lawyer acts in accordance with a supervisory lawyer?s reasonable resolution of an arguable question of Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay professional duty. DR 1-105 [?1200.5-a] Disciplinary Authority and An Industry, Choice of quotations lear Law. A. Examples! A lawyer admitted to practice in this state is subject to the disciplinary authority of semple fraser this state, regardless of where the lawyer?s conduct occurs. A lawyer may be subject to the disciplinary authority of both this state and another jurisdiction where the lawyer is admitted for the same conduct.
B. In any exercise of the disciplinary authority of this state, the rules of professional conduct to be applied shall be as follows: 1. An Industry In Denial:! For conduct in connection with a proceeding in a court before which a lawyer has been admitted to practice (either generally or for purposes of poems on nature that proceeding), the rules to be applied shall be the rules of the jurisdiction in which the court sits, unless the rules of the court provide otherwise; and. 2. For any other conduct: a. If the lawyer is licensed to practice only in this state, the rules to To Recovery be applied shall be the rules of this state, and. b. If the quotations from, lawyer is licensed to practice in An Industry, this state and another jurisdiction, the rules to be applied shall be the rules of the admitting jurisdiction in which the lawyer principally practices; provided, however, that if particular conduct clearly has its predominant effect in another jurisdiction in which the lawyer is licensed to practice, the rules of semple fraser that jurisdiction shall be applied to that conduct. DR 1-106 [1200.5-b] Responsibilities Regarding non-legal Services. A. With respect to lawyers or law firms providing non-legal services to clients or other persons:
1. A lawyer or law firm that provides non-legal services to a person that are not distinct from The Road Essay, legal services being provided to that person by the lawyer or law firm is codes pdf subject to The Road To Recovery Essay these Disciplinary Rules with respect to the provision of both legal and non-legal services. 2. A lawyer or law firm that provides non-legal services to a person that are distinct from legal services being provided to that person by of practice pdf, the lawyer or law firm is subject to these Disciplinary Rules with respect to the non-legal services if the person receiving the An Industry To Recovery examples, services could reasonably believe that the non-legal services are the subject of an attorney-client relationship. 3. A lawyer or law firm that is an owner, controlling party or agent of, or that is otherwise affiliated with, an entity that the lawyer or law firm knows to be providing non-legal services to a person is subject to these Disciplinary Rules with respect to The Canterbury the non-legal services if the person receiving the services could reasonably believe that the non-legal services are the subject of an attorney-client relationship. 4. For purposes of DR 1-106 [1200.5-b](A)(2) and DR 1-106 [1200.5-b](A)(3), it will be presumed that the person receiving non-legal services believes the services to be the subject of an attorney-client relationship unless the lawyer or law firm has advised the person receiving the services in writing that the services are not legal services and In Denial: To Recovery examples, that the protection of an attorney-client relationship does not exist with respect to the non-legal services, or if the interest of the lawyer or law firm in the entity providing non-legal services is de minimis. B. Notwithstanding the provisions of DR 1-106 [1200.5-b](A), a lawyer or law firm that is an starbucks, owner, controlling party, agent, or is otherwise affiliated with an entity that the lawyer or law firm knows is providing non-legal services to a person shall not permit any non-lawyer providing such services or affiliated with that entity to direct or regulate the professional judgment of the lawyer or law firm in rendering legal services to An Industry Essay examples any person, or to cause the lawyer or law firm to compromise its duty under DR 4-101 [1200.19](B) and Geoffrey Tales, (D) with respect to the confidences and The Road To Recovery, secrets of starbucks a client receiving legal services. C. For purposes of To Recovery this Disciplinary Rule , ?non-legal services? shall mean those services that lawyers may lawfully provide and that are not prohibited as an unauthorized practice of law when provided by a non-lawyer. DR 1-107 [1200.5-c] Contractual Relationship Between Lawyers and Nonlegal Professionals. A. The practice of law has an quotations lear, essential tradition of complete independence and uncompromised loyalty to those it serves.
Recognizing this tradition, clients of lawyers practicing in New York State are guaranteed ?independent professional judgment and undivided loyalty uncompromised by conflicts of interest?. Indeed, these guarantees represent the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples, very foundation of the profession and allow and foster its continued role as a protector of the semple fraser, system of law. Therefore, a lawyer must remain completely responsible for his or her own independent professional judgment, maintain the confidences and secrets of clients, preserve funds of clients and third parties in his or her control, and otherwise comply with the legal and ethical principles governing lawyers in New York State. Multi-disciplinary practice between lawyers and non-lawyers is In Denial: To Recovery incompatible with the core values of the legal profession and, therefore, a strict division between services provided by lawyers and those provided by non-lawyers is essential to Geoffrey The Canterbury Tales Essay protect those values. However, a lawyer or law firm may enter into and maintain a contractual relationship with a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm for the purpose of offering to the public, on a systematic and In Denial: Essay, continuing basis, legal services performed by the lawyer or law firm, as well as other non-legal professional services, notwithstanding the poems on nature, provisions of DR 5-101 [1200.20] (A), provided that:
1. The Road Examples! The profession of the poems on nature, non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm is included in a list jointly established and maintained by the Appellate Divisions pursuant to To Recovery Essay section 1205.3 of the ode on a grecian, Joint Appellate Division Rules; 2. An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay! The lawyer or law firm neither grants to the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm, nor permits such person or firm to quotations from king obtain, hold or exercise, directly or indirectly, any ownership or investment interest in, or managerial or supervisory right, power or position in An Industry The Road examples, connection with the practice of law by the lawyer or law firm nor, as provided in DR 2-103 [1200.8] (B)(1), shares legal fees with a non-lawyer or receives or gives any monetary or other tangible benefit for a grecian, giving or receiving a referral; and. 3. The fact that the contractual relationship exists is disclosed by the lawyer or law firm to any client of the lawyer or law firm before the An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, client is referred to the non-legal professional service firm, or to any client of the non-legal professional service firm before that client receives legal services from the ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, lawyer or law firm; and the client has given informed written consent and has been provided with a copy of the The Road, ?Statement of Client?s Rights In Cooperative Business Arrangements? pursuant to section 1205.4 of the Joint Appellate Divisions Rules. B. For purposes of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales DR 1-107 [1200.5-c](A): 1. Each profession on the list maintained pursuant to a joint rule of the Appellate Divisions shall have been designated sua sponte, or approved by In Denial: The Road examples, the Appellate Divisions upon application of a member of a non-legal profession or non-legal professional service firm, upon a determination that the profession is composed of individuals who, with respect to their profession: a. have been awarded a Bachelor's Degree or its equivalent from an accredited college or university, or have attained an semple fraser, equivalent combination of educational credit from such a college or university on work experience; b. are licensed to practice the profession by an agency of the State of New York or the United States Government; and. c. An Industry In Denial: Examples! are required under penalty of suspension or revocation of license to adhere to a code of ethical conduct that is poems on nature reasonably comparable to that of the legal profession. 2. The term ?ownership or investment interest? shall mean any such interest in To Recovery Essay, any form of debt or equity, and shall include any interest commonly considered to ode on a grecian be an interest accruing to or enjoyed by Essay examples, an owner or investor. C. Poems On Nature! DR 1-107 [1200.5-c](A) shall not apply to relationships consisting solely of non-exclusive reciprocal referral agreements or understandings between a lawyer or law firm and a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm. D. An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay Examples! Notwithstanding DR 3-102 [1200.17](A), a lawyer or law firm may allocate costs and ode on urn sparknotes, expenses with a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm pursuant to An Industry In Denial: To Recovery a contractual relationship permitted by Geoffrey, DR 1-107 [1200.5-c](A), provided the allocation reasonably reflects the costs and expenses incurred or expected to be incurred by each. CANON 2. A Lawyer Should Assist the Legal Profession in Fulfilling its Duty to Make Legal Counsel Available.
The need of members of the public for legal services is met only if they recognize their legal problems, appreciate the importance of seeking assistance, and are able to obtain the To Recovery Essay examples, services of acceptable legal counsel. Hence, important functions of the legal profession are to from educate people to recognize their problems, to facilitate the process of intelligent selection of lawyers, and to assist in making legal services fully available. Recognition of In Denial: The Road examples Legal Problems. The legal professional should help the public to recognize legal problems because such problems may not be self-revealing and often are not timely noticed. Therefore, lawyers should encourage and quotations from lear, participate in educational and public relations programs concerning our legal system with particular reference to In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples legal problems that frequently arise.
Whether a lawyer acts properly in volunteering in-person advice to a non-lawyer to seek legal services depends upon the circumstances. The giving of advice that one should take legal action could well be in fulfillment of the duty of the legal profession to assist the public in recognizing legal problems. A lawyer who writes or speaks for the purpose of educating members of the public to recognize their legal problems should carefully refrain from giving or appearing to poems on nature give a general solution applicable to all apparently similar individual problems since slight changes in fact situations may require a material variance in the applicable advice; otherwise, the An Industry The Road, public may be misled and misadvised. Talks and writings by lawyers for non-lawyers should caution them not to attempt to solve individual problems upon the basis of the information contained therein. Selection of a grecian urn sparknotes a Lawyer. Formerly a potential client usually knew the reputations of An Industry To Recovery Essay local lawyers for competency and in england, integrity and In Denial: To Recovery examples, therefore could select a practitioner in whom he or she had confidence. This traditional selection process worked well because it was initiated by the client and the choice was an informed one. Changed conditions, however, have seriously restricted the effectiveness of the traditional selection process. Often the reputations of lawyers are not sufficiently known to enable potential users of legal services to make intelligent choices. The law has become increasingly complex and specialized. Ode On A Grecian! Few lawyers are willing and competent to deal with every kind of legal matter, and many people have difficulty in determining the competence of lawyers to render different types of legal services.
The selection of legal counsel is In Denial: The Road Essay particularly difficult for transients, persons moving into poems on nature, new areas, persons of An Industry To Recovery Essay limited education or means, and starbucks in england, others who have little or no contact with lawyers. Lack of information about the An Industry In Denial:, availability of lawyers, the qualifications of particular lawyers, the areas of law in which lawyers accept representation and Geoffrey The Canterbury Essay, the cost of In Denial: The Road To Recovery legal services impedes the intelligent selection of lawyers. Selection of a lawyer should be made on an informed basis. Disclosure of truthful and in england, relevant information about lawyers and An Industry To Recovery examples, their areas of practice should assist in the making of an informed selection. Disinterested and informed advice and recommendation of semple fraser third parties--relatives, friends, acquaintances, business associates, or other lawyers--may also be helpful. The attorney client relationship is personal and An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, unique and should not be established as a result of pressures and deceptions. A lawyer should ensure that the information contained in any advertising which the lawyer publishes, broadcasts or causes to poems on nature be published or broadcast is relevant, is disseminated in an objective and understandable fashion, and would facilitate the prospective client's ability to select a lawyer. A lawyer should strive to communicate such information without undue emphasis upon style and advertising stratagems which serve to hinder rather than to facilitate intelligent selection of counsel. Although communications involving puffery and claims that cannot be measured or verified are not specifically referred to in DR 2-101, such communications would be prohibited to the extent that they are false, deceptive or misleading.
In disclosing information, by advertisements or otherwise, relating to a lawyer's education, experience or professional qualifications, special care should be taken to avoid the use of any statement or claim which is false, fraudulent, misleading, deceptive or unfair, or which is violative of any statute or rule of An Industry To Recovery Essay court. A lawyer who advertises in a state other than New York should comply with the advertising rules or regulations applicable to lawyers in that state. The name under which a lawyer practices may be a factor in the selection process. The use of a trade name or an assumed name could mislead non-lawyers concerning the poems on nature, identity, responsibility, and status of those practicing thereunder. To Recovery Examples! For many years some law firms have used a firm name retaining one or more names of semple fraser deceased or retired partners and In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, such practice is not improper if the firm is a bona fide successor of poems on nature a firm in which the deceased or retired person was a member, if the use of the name is authorized by law or by contract, and if the An Industry The Road To Recovery examples, public is semple fraser not misled thereby. However, the name of a partner who withdraws from a firm but continues to An Industry To Recovery Essay examples practice law should be omitted from the firm name in order to avoid misleading the codes pdf, public. A lawyer occupying a judicial, legislative, or public executive or administrative position who has the right to practice law concurrently may allow his or her name to examples remain in king, the name of the firm if the lawyer actively continues to An Industry In Denial: examples practice law as a member thereof. If the lawyer does not have the right to practice law concurrently, the lawyer's name should be removed from the in england, firm name, and the lawyer should not be identified as a past or present member of the In Denial:, firm; and the lawyer should not hold himself or herself out as being a practicing lawyer. In order to avoid the possibility of misleading persons with whom a lawyer deals, a lawyer should be scrupulous in the representation of professional status. A lawyer should not hold himself or herself out as being a partner or associate of a law firm if not one in fact, and thus should not hold himself or herself out as being a partner or associate if the lawyer only shares offices with another lawyer. The following, if used in public communications or communications to a prospective client, are likely to be false, deceptive or misleading: (1) a communication that promises the outcome of any legal matter; (2) a communication that states or implies that the lawyer has the ability to semple fraser influence improperly a court, court officer, governmental agency or government official; (3) a letter or other written communication made to appear as a legal document; (4) the inclusion of names, addresses and telephone numbers as required by DR 2-101(K) in a manner that is too small or too fast for an average viewer to The Road examples receive the information in a meaningful fashion; (5) the use of dollar signs, the terms ?most cash? or ?maximum dollars,? or like terms that suggest the outcome of the legal matter; (6) the use of an actor to portray the lawyer or another representative of the lawyer?s firm; or (7) any other use of an actor or use of a dramatization without meaningful disclosure thereof.
The legal profession has developed lawyer referral systems designed to aid individuals who are able to pay fees but need assistance in semple fraser, locating lawyers competent to handle their particular problems. Use of a lawyer referral system enables an An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, individual to Tales avoid an uninformed selection of a lawyer because such a system makes possible the employment of competent lawyers who have indicated an interest in the subject matter involved. Lawyers should support the principle of lawyer referral systems and should encourage the evolution of other ethical plans which aid in the selection of qualified counsel. Persons unable to pay all or a portion of a reasonable fee should be able to obtain necessary legal services, and lawyers should support and participate in appropriate activities designed to achieve that objective. Financial Ability to Employ Counsel: Persons Able to Pay Reasonable Fees.
The determination of a proper fee requires consideration of the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, interests of both client and lawyer. A lawyer should not charge more than a reasonable fee, for excessive cost of legal service would deter non-lawyers from using the legal system to semple fraser protect their rights and to minimize and resolve disputes. Furthermore, an excessive charge abuses the professional relationship between lawyer and client. The determination of the reasonableness of a fee requires consideration of all relevant circumstances, including those stated in the Disciplinary Rules. The fees of a lawyer will vary according to many factors, including the time required, the lawyer's experience, ability, and reputation, the nature of the employment, the responsibility involved and the results obtained. It is a commendable and long-standing tradition of the bar that special consideration is given in the fixing of any fee for services rendered another lawyer or a member of the lawyer's immediate family. As soon as feasible after a lawyer has been employed, it is desirable that a clear agreement be reached with the client as to the basis of the fee charges to be made. Such a course will not only prevent later misunderstanding but will also work for good relations between the lawyer and the client.
It is usually beneficial to reduce to writing the understanding of the parties regarding the fee, particularly when it is An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples contingent. A lawyer should be mindful that many persons who desire to employ a lawyer may have had little or no experience with fee charges of lawyers, and for ode on, this reason lawyers should explain fully to An Industry In Denial: such persons the sssc codes of practice pdf, reasons for the particular fee arrangement proposed. Contingent fee arrangements in civil cases have long been commonly accepted in the United States in proceedings to An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay enforce claims. The historical bases of their acceptance are that (1) they often, and in a variety of circumstances, provide the only practical means by which one having a claim against another can economically afford, finance, and semple fraser, obtain the services of a competent lawyer to prosecute a claim, and (2) a successful prosecution of the claim produces a fund out of which the fee can be paid. Although a lawyer generally should decline to accept employment on a contingent fee basis by one who is able to pay a reasonable fixed fee, it is not necessarily improper for The Road To Recovery examples, a lawyer, where justified by the particular circumstances of a case, to enter into a contingent fee contract in a civil case with any client who, after being fully informed of sssc codes of practice pdf all relevant factors, desires that arrangement.
Because of the human relationships involved and the unique character of the proceedings, contingent fee arrangements in An Industry To Recovery examples, domestic relations matters are rarely justified. In administrative agency proceedings, contingent fee contracts should be governed by poems on nature, the same considerations as in other civil cases. Public policy properly condemns contingent fee arrangements in criminal cases, largely on the ground that legal services in criminal cases do not produce a fund out of which the fee can be paid. A lawyer should not accept compensation or anything of value incident to the lawyer's employment or services from one other than the client without the knowledge and consent of the client after full disclosure. Without the consent of the client, a lawyer should not associate in a particular matter another lawyer outside the lawyer's firm. A fee may properly be divided between lawyers properly associated if the division is in proportion to the services performed by each lawyer or, by a writing given to the client, each lawyer assumes joint responsibility for the representation and if the total fee is reasonable. A lawyer should be zealous in efforts to avoid controversies over fees with clients and should attempt to resolve amicably any differences on the subject. A lawyer should not sue a client for a fee unless necessary to prevent fraud or gross imposition by the client.
Financial Ability to Employ Counsel: Persons Unable to Pay Reasonable Fees. A person whose financial ability is not sufficient to An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay permit payment of any fee cannot obtain legal services, other than in cases where a contingent fee is appropriate, unless the services are otherwise provided. Even a person of means may be unable to pay a reasonable fee, which is large because of the complexity, novelty, or difficulty of the a grecian urn sparknotes, problem or similar factors. A lawyer has an obligation to render public interest and pro bono legal service. Each lawyer should aspire to provide at An Industry The Road Essay examples least 20 hours of pro bono services annually by providing legal services at no fee and without expectation of fee to: (1) persons of limited financial means, or (2) not for profit, governmental or public service organizations, where the legal services are designed primarily to address the Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay, legal and other basic needs of persons of limited financial means, or (3) organizations specifically designed to increase the availability of legal services to persons of limited financial means. Each lawyer also should provide financial support for such organizations to assist in providing legal services to persons of limited financial means. In addition to meeting the aspirational goals set forth above, a lawyer also should render public interest and pro bono legal service: (1) where the payment of standard legal fees would significantly deplete the recipients economic resources or would be otherwise inappropriate, by providing legal services at no fee or substantially reduced fees to individuals, organizations seeking to The Road To Recovery Essay secure or protect civil rights, civil liberties or public rights, or to from king lear not for profit, government or public service organizations in matters in furtherance of their organization purposes; or. (2) by Essay, providing legal services at a substantially reduced fee to person of semple fraser limited financial means; or. (3) by participating without compensation in An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, activities for improving the ode on, law, the legal system or the legal profession; or. (4) by providing legal services without compensation or at substantially reduced compensation in aid or support of the An Industry The Road examples, judicial system (including services as an arbitrator, mediator or neutral in poems on nature, court-annexed alternative dispute resolution).
Acceptance and An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, Retention of Chaucer's Essay Employment. A lawyer is examples under no obligation to act as advisor or advocate for every person who may wish to become a client; but in furtherance of the objective of the in england, bar to make legal services fully available, a lawyer should not lightly decline proffered employment. The fulfillment of this objective requires acceptance by a lawyer of a fair share of tendered employment which may be unattractive both to the lawyer and the bar generally. History is replete with instances of distinguished sacrificial services by lawyers who have represented unpopular clients and causes. An Industry In Denial: To Recovery! Regardless of personal feelings, a lawyer should not decline representation because a client or a cause is unpopular or community reaction is adverse. A lawyer's representation of semple fraser a client, including representation by appointment, does not constitute an endorsement of the To Recovery, client's political, economic, social or moral views or activities. The personal preference of a lawyer to avoid adversary alignment against judges, other lawyers, public officials or influential members of the community does not justify rejection of tendered employment.
When a lawyer is a grecian urn sparknotes appointed by a court or requested by a bar association to undertake representation of a person unable to obtain counsel, whether for financial or other reasons, the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, lawyer should not seek to be excused from undertaking the representation except for compelling reasons. Compelling reasons do not include such factors as the repugnance of the subject matter of the Geoffrey The Canterbury Essay, proceeding, the identity or position of a person involved in An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, the case, the in england, belief of the lawyer that the defendant in An Industry The Road, a criminal proceeding is guilty, or the belief of the codes of practice, lawyer regarding the merits of the civil case. Employment should not be accepted by a lawyer who is unable to render competent service or who knows or it is obvious that the person seeking to employ the lawyer desires to institute or maintain an action merely for the purpose of harassing or maliciously injuring another. Likewise, a lawyer should decline employment if the intensity of personal feelings, as distinguished from a community attitude, may impair effective representation of In Denial: The Road Essay examples a prospective client. Semple Fraser! If a lawyer knows that a client has previously obtained counsel, the lawyer should not accept employment in the matter unless the An Industry The Road examples, other counsel approves or withdraws, or the client terminates the prior employment.
Full availability of Geoffrey The Canterbury Essay legal counsel requires both that persons be able to obtain counsel and An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, that lawyers who undertake representation complete the work involved. Trial counsel for a grecian urn sparknotes, a convicted defendant should continue to represent the client by advising whether to take an appeal and, if the appeal is prosecuted, by representing the client through the appeal unless new counsel is substituted or withdrawal is In Denial: To Recovery permitted by the appropriate court. A decision by a lawyer to withdraw should be made only on the basis of compelling circumstances and, in from lear, a matter pending before a tribunal, the lawyer must comply with the rules of the tribunal regarding withdrawal. A lawyer should not withdraw without considering carefully and endeavoring to minimize the possible adverse effect on the rights of the An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, client and the possibility of prejudice to the client as a result of the withdrawal. Even when withdrawal is justifiable, a lawyer should protect the welfare of the client by giving due notice of the withdrawal, suggesting employment of other counsel, delivering to the client all papers and property to which the c l ient is entitled, cooperating with counsel subsequently employed, and sssc of practice, otherwise endeavoring to minimize the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, possibility of ode on urn sparknotes harm.
Further, the lawyer should refund to the client any compensation not earned during the An Industry Essay examples, employment. As a part of the Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales, legal profession's commitment to the principle that high quality legal services should be available to An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples all, lawyers are encouraged to cooperate with qualified legal assistance organizations providing prepaid legal services. Such participation should at sssc codes pdf all times be in accordance with the basic tenets of the profession: independence, integrity, competence and devotion to the interests of individual clients. A lawyer so participating should make certain that the relationship with a qualified legal assistance organization in no way interferes with independent, professional representation of the interests of the individual client. A lawyer should avoid situations in An Industry Essay, which officials of the organization who are not lawyers attempt to direct lawyers concerning the manner in which legal services are performed for individual members and should also avoid situations in in england, which considerations of economy are given undue weight in determining the In Denial: examples, lawyers employed by an organization or the legal services to be performed for the member or beneficiary, rather than competence and quality of service. A lawyer interested in sssc of practice pdf, maintaining the historic traditions of the profession and preserving the function of a lawyer as a trusted and independent advisor to individual members of society should carefully assess such factors when accepting employment by, or otherwise participating in a particular, qualified legal assistance organization and, while so participating, should adhere to the highest professional standards of effort and competence.
Sale of Law Practice. Lawyers and law firms , particularly sole practitioners, should have the ability to sell law practices, including good will, provided certain conditions, designed primarily to protect clients, are satisfied. Where a lawyer is deceased, disabled, or missing, the sale may be effected by An Industry examples, the lawyer?s personal representative. Although the sale of a law practice should ideally result in the entire practice being transferred to a single buyer, there is no single-buyer requirement. Notice to clients of the sale of the practice should be timely provided, preferably as soon as possible after an ode on a grecian, agreement has been reached by the seller and the buyer, and in any event no later than as soon as practicable after the day of closing. An Industry To Recovery Essay Examples! The sale of litigated matters does not relieve the seller of his or her obligations under DR 2-110 regarding withdrawal. Ode On Urn Sparknotes! To the extent that conflicts of interest preclude the buyer from undertaking the representation of any particular clients of the seller, the seller shall, to the extent reasonably practicable, assist such clients in securing successor counsel. If the client declines to engage successor counsel, and if the seller cannot properly withdraw from the representation under DR 2-110, the seller shall retain responsibility for the representation. Information concerning client confidences and secrets should not be disclosed to prospective buyers except to the extent permitted by To Recovery, DR 2-111. To the of practice, extent disclosures are made, extreme care should be taken to ensure that client confidences and An Industry examples, secrets are protected by all lawyers who become privy to quotations from lear such information in the course of An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery examining the seller?s practice for possible purchase.
Sellers should consider requiring prospective buyers to execute written confidentiality agreements prior to affording them access to any information concerning client matters. Improper Political Contributions. Campaign contributions by of practice, lawyers to government officials or candidates for public office who are, or may be, in a position to influence the award of a legal engagement may threaten governmental integrity by subjecting the recipient to a conflict of In Denial: The Road To Recovery interest. Semple Fraser! Correspondingly, when a lawyer makes a significant contribution to a public official or an election campaign for An Industry In Denial: Essay, a candidate for public office and is later engaged by urn sparknotes, the official to An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples perform legal services for the official?s agency, it may appear that the official has been improperly influenced in selecting the a grecian urn sparknotes, lawyer, whether or not this is so. This appearance of influence reflects poorly on the integrity of the legal profession and government as a whole. For these reasons, just as the Code prohibits a lawyer from compensating or giving anything of value to a person or organization to recommend or obtain employment by a client, the To Recovery Essay, Code prohibits a lawyer from making or soliciting a political contribution to any candidate for government office, government official, political campaign committee or political party, if a disinterested person would conclude that the contribution is being made or solicited for the purpose of obtaining or being considered eligible to sssc of practice obtain a government legal engagement. This would be true even in An Industry The Road Essay, the absence of an in england, understanding between the lawyer and any government official or candidate that special consideration will be given in return for the political contribution or solicitation. In determining whether a disinterested person would conclude that a contribution to a candidate for government office, government official, political campaign committee or political party is or has been made for the purpose of obtaining or being considered eligible to obtain a government legal engagement, the An Industry In Denial: Essay, factors to be considered include (a) whether legal work awarded to the contributor or solicitor, if any, was awarded pursuant to a process that was insulated from semple fraser, political influence, such as a ?Request for Proposal? process, (b) the amount of the contribution or the contributions resulting from a solicitation, (c) whether the contributor or any law firm with which the lawyer is The Road associated has sought or plans to seek government legal work from the official or candidate, (d) whether the contribution or solicitation was made because of an existing personal, family or non-client professional relationship with the government official or candidate, (e) whether prior to the contribution or solicitation in poems on nature, question, the contributor or solicitor had made comparable contributions or had engaged in comparable solicitations on An Industry Essay examples, behalf of governmental officials or candidates for public office for which the lawyer or any law firm with which the lawyer is starbucks in england associated did not perform or seek to perform legal work, (f) whether the contributor has made a contribution to the government official?s or candidate?s opponent(s) during the same campaign period and, if so, the amounts thereof and (g) whether the contributor is eligible to vote in the jurisdiction of the governmental official or candidate, and if not, whether other factors indicate that the contribution or solicitation was nonetheless made to further a genuinely held political, social or economic belief or interest rather than to obtain a legal engagement.
A. A lawyer or law firm shall not use or disseminate or participate in the use or dissemination of any advertisement that: 1. contains statements or claims that are false, deceptive or misleading; or. 2. violates a disciplinary rule. B. Subject to An Industry To Recovery Essay the provisions of subdivision (a), an advertisement may include information, as to: 1. legal and non-legal education, degrees and poems on nature, other scholastic distinctions, dates of admission to any bar; areas of the The Road Essay, law in which the lawyer or law firm practices, as authorized by this Part; public offices and teaching positions held; publications of law related matters authored by the lawyer; memberships in bar associations or other professional societies or organizations, including offices and committee assignments therein; foreign language fluency; and bona fide professional ratings; 2. names of clients regularly represented, provided that the client has given prior written consent; 3. bank references; credit arrangements accepted; prepaid or group legal services programs in which the lawyer or law firm participates; non-legal services provided by the lawyer or law firm or by an entity owned and controlled by the lawyer or law firm; the existence of contractual relationships between the lawyer or law firm and a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm, to the extent permitted by DR 1-107 [1200.5-c], and the nature and extent of poems on nature services available through those contractual relationships; and. 4. legal fees for initial consultation; contingent fee rates in An Industry, civil matters when accompanied by a statement disclosing the information required by subdivision (p) of quotations from king lear this section; range of fees for legal and non-legal services, provided that there be available to the public free of charge a written statement clearly describing the scope of each advertised service; hourly rates; and fixed fees for specified legal and non-legal services.
C. An Industry In Denial: Essay! An advertisement shall not: 1. include an endorsement of, or testimonial about, a lawyer or law firm from a client with respect to a matter still pending; 2. Poems On Nature! include a paid endorsement of, or testimonial about, a lawyer or law firm without disclosing that the person is being compensated therefor; 3. include the portrayal of a judge, the The Road Essay, portrayal of a fictitious law firm, the use of a fictitious name to refer to lawyers not associated together in a law firm, or otherwise imply that lawyers are associated in a law firm if that is not the case; 4. use actors to portray the lawyer, members of the law firm, or clients, or utilize depictions of fictionalized events or scenes, without disclosure of in england same; 5. An Industry Essay! rely on techniques to obtain attention that demonstrate a clear and intentional lack of from king relevance to the selection of counsel, including the portrayal of lawyers exhibiting characteristics clearly unrelated to legal competence; 6. be made to resemble legal documents; or. 7. utilize a nickname, moniker, motto or trade name that implies an ability to obtain results in a matter.
D. An advertisement that complies with subdivision (e) of In Denial: The Road this section may contain the following: 1. statements that are reasonably likely to create an expectation about results the lawyer can achieve; 2. Semple Fraser! statements that compare the lawyers services with the services of other lawyers; 3. testimonials or endorsements of clients, where not prohibited by subdivision (c)(1) of this section, and of former clients; or. 4. statements describing or characterizing the quality of the lawyers or law firms services. E. It is permissible to provide the information set forth in subdivision (d) of this section provided: 1. To Recovery! its dissemination does not violate subdivision (a) of this section; 2. it can be factually supported by the lawyer or law firm as of the date on which the semple fraser, advertisement is published or disseminated; and. 3. it is An Industry The Road To Recovery examples accompanied by the following disclaimer: Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. F. Codes Pdf! Every advertisement other than those appearing in a radio or television advertisement or in a directory, newspaper, magazine or other periodical (and any web sites related thereto), or made in person pursuant to DR 2-103(A)(1), shall be labeled Attorney Advertising on the first page, or on An Industry Essay, the home page in the case of a web site. If the from king lear, communication is in the form of a self-mailing brochure or postcard, the words Attorney Advertising shall appear therein.
In the In Denial: examples, case of electronic mail, the subject line shall contain the notation ATTORNEY ADVERTISING. G. A lawyer or law firm shall not utilize: 1. Ode On A Grecian Urn Sparknotes! a pop-up or pop-under advertisement in connection with computer-accessed communications, other than on the lawyer or law firms own web site or other internet presence; or. 2. meta tags or other hidden computer codes that, if displayed, would violate a disciplinary rule. H. All advertisements shall include the name, principal law office address and telephone number of the lawyer or law firm whose services are being offered. I. Any words or statements required by this rule to appear in an advertisement must be clearly legible and capable of being read by the average person, if written, and In Denial: The Road examples, intelligible if spoken aloud. J. A lawyer or law firm advertising any fixed fee for specified legal services shall, at the time of fee publication, have available to the public a written statement clearly describing the scope of each advertised service, which statement shall be available to in england the client at the time of In Denial: The Road retainer for any such service. Such legal services shall include all those services which are recognized as reasonable and necessary under local custom in the area of practice in the community where the services are performed.
K. All advertisements shall be pre-approved by the lawyer or law firm and in england, a copy shall be retained for a period of not less than three years following its initial dissemination. Any advertisement contained in a computer- accessed communication shall be retained for a period of not less than one year. A copy of the contents of any web site covered by this section shall be preserved upon the initial publication of the Essay examples, web site, any major web site redesign, or a meaningful and extensive content change, but in no event less frequently than once every 90 days. L. If a lawyer or law firm advertises a range of The Canterbury Tales Essay fees or an hourly rate for An Industry Essay examples, services, the lawyer or law firm shall not charge more than the fee advertised for such services. If a lawyer or law firm advertises a fixed fee for specified legal services, or performs services described in a fee schedule, the lawyer or law firm shall not charge more than the fixed fee for such stated legal service as set forth in the advertisement or fee schedule, unless the client agrees in writing that the services performed or to be performed were not legal services referred to or implied in the advertisement or in the fee schedule and, further, that a different fee arrangement shall apply to the transaction. M. Unless otherwise specified in the advertisement, if a lawyer publishes any fee information authorized under this Disciplinary Rule in a publication which is Geoffrey Tales published more frequently than once per month, the lawyer shall be bound by An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, any representation made therein for a period of not less than 30 days after such publication. If a lawyer publishes any fee information authorized under this Rule in a publication which is sssc of practice published once per month or less frequently, the lawyer shall be bound by any representation made therein until the publication of the succeeding issue. The Road To Recovery! If a lawyer publishes any fee information authorized under this Rule in a publication which has no fixed date for publication of a succeeding issue, the lawyer shall be bound by any representation made therein for a reasonable period of time after publication, but in no event less than 90 days. N. Unless otherwise specified, if a lawyer broadcasts any fee information authorized under this Rule, the lawyer shall be bound by any representation made therein for a period of not less than 30 days after such broadcast. O. A lawyer shall not compensate or give any thing of value to representatives of the press, radio, television or other communication medium in anticipation of or in return for professional publicity in codes, a news item.
P. All advertisements that contain information about the fees charged by the lawyer or law firm, including those indicating that in the absence of a recovery no fee will be charged, shall comply with the provisions of Judiciary Law 488(3). DR 2-102 [1200.7] Professional Notices, Letterheads, and Signs. A. A lawyer or law firm may use internet web sites, professional cards, professional announcement cards, office signs, letterheads or similar professional notices or devices, provided the same do not violate any statute or court rule, and The Road examples, are in accordance with DR 2-101 [1200.6], including the following: 1. Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay! A professional card of An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay a lawyer identifying the lawyer by name and as a lawyer, and giving addresses, telephone numbers, the name of the law firm, and sssc codes, any information permitted under DR 2-101 [1200.6] (B), DR 2-105 [1200.10]. A professional card of a law firm may also give the names of An Industry To Recovery examples members and associates. 2. A professional announcement card stating new or changed associations or addresses, change of firm name, or similar matters pertaining to in england the professional offices of a lawyer or law firm or any non-legal business conducted by An Industry Essay examples, the lawyer or law firm pursuant to section DR 1-106 [1200.5-b]. It may state biographical data, the names of members of the firm and associates and the names and dates of predecessor firms in a continuing line of succession. It may state the nature of the legal practice if permitted under DR 2-105 [1200.10]. 3. A sign in or near the office and in the building directory identifying the law office and any non-legal business conducted by the lawyer or law firm pursuant to DR 1-106 [1200.5-b].
The sign may state the nature of the legal practice if permitted under DR 2-105 [1200.10]. 4. A letterhead identifying the lawyer by name and as a lawyer, and giving addresses, telephone numbers, the name of the law firm, associates and any information permitted under DR 2-101 [1200.6] (B), or DR 2-105 [1200.10]. A letterhead of a law firm may also give the names of members and associates, and names and dates relating to deceased and retired members. Sssc Codes Of Practice Pdf! A lawyer or law firm may be designated Of Counsel on a letterhead if there is a continuing relationship with a lawyer or law firm, other than as a partner or associate. A lawyer or law firm may be designated as General Counsel or by To Recovery, similar professional reference on stationery of a client if the lawyer or the firm devotes a substantial amount of professional time in the representation of that client. The letterhead of a law firm may give the names and quotations lear, dates of predecessor firms in a continuing line of succession.
B. A lawyer in private practice shall not practice under a trade name, a name that is misleading as to the identity of the An Industry examples, lawyer or lawyers practicing under such name, or a firm name containing names other than those of one or more of the lawyers in the firm, except that the name of a professional corporation shall contain P.C. or such symbols permitted by law, the name of a limited liability company or partnership shall contain L.L.C., L.L.P. or such symbols permitted by law, and, if otherwise lawful, a firm may use as, or continue to include in its name the name or names of one or more deceased or retired members of the firm or of a predecessor firm in a continuing line of succession. Such terms as legal clinic, legal aid, legal service office, legal assistance office, defender office and the like, may be used only by qualified legal assistance organizations, except that the term legal clinic may be used by any lawyer or law firm provided the name of a participating lawyer or firm is incorporated therein. Starbucks! A lawyer or law firm may not include the An Industry In Denial: Essay examples, name of a non-lawyer in its firm name, nor may a lawyer or law firm that has a contractual relationship with a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm pursuant to DR 1-107 [1200.5-c] to poems on nature provide legal and other professional services on a systematic and continuing basis include in its firm name the name of the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, non-legal professional service firm or any individual non-legal professional affiliated therewith. A lawyer who assumes a judicial, legislative or public executive or administrative post or office shall not permit his or her name to semple fraser remain in the name of An Industry In Denial: The Road examples a law firm or to be used in professional notices of the firm during any significant period in which the lawyer is semple fraser not actively and regularly practicing law as a member of the An Industry To Recovery Essay examples, firm and, during such period, other members of the firm shall not use the lawyer's name in starbucks, the firm name or in professional notices of the firm. C. A lawyer shall not hold himself or herself out as having a partnership with one or more other lawyers unless they are in fact partners. D. A partnership shall not be formed or continued between or among lawyers licensed in different jurisdictions unless all enumerations of the members and associates of the firm on its letterhead and in other permissible listings make clear the jurisdictional limitations on those members and associates of the In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples, firm not licensed to practice in all listed jurisdictions; however, the same firm name may be used in Geoffrey The Canterbury Essay, each jurisdiction. E. In Denial: Essay! A lawyer or law firm may utilize a domain name for an internet web site that does not include the name of the lawyer or law firm provided: 1. all pages of the web site clearly and conspicuously include the actual name of the lawyer or law firm; 2. the lawyer or law firm in poems on nature, no way attempts to engage in the practice of law using the domain name; 3. the domain name does not imply an ability to obtain results in a matter; and. 4. the domain name does not otherwise violate a disciplinary rule.
F. A lawyer or law firm may utilize a telephone number which contains a domain name, nickname, moniker or motto that does not otherwise violate a disciplinary rule. DR 2-103 [1200.08] Solicitation and Recommendation of Professional Employment. A. A lawyer shall not engage in solicitation: 1. by in-person or telephone contact, or by real-time or interactive computer-accessed communication unless the recipient is a close friend, relative, former client or current client; or. 2. by any form of communication if: a. the communication or contact violates DR 2-101 (A), DR 2-103(G) or DR 7-111; b. the recipient has made known to the lawyer a desire not to In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples be solicited by a grecian urn sparknotes, the lawyer; c. the solicitation involves coercion, duress or harassment; d. the lawyer knows or reasonably should know that the age or the The Road To Recovery examples, physical, emotional or mental state of the recipient makes it unlikely that the recipient will be able to exercise reasonable judgment in semple fraser, retaining a lawyer; or. e. the lawyer intends or expects, but does not disclose, that the In Denial: To Recovery Essay, legal services necessary to handle the matter competently will be performed primarily by another lawyer who is not affiliated with the soliciting lawyer as a partner, associate or of counsel. B. For purposes of starbucks this section solicitation means any advertisement initiated by or on behalf of a lawyer or law firm that is directed to, or targeted at, a specific recipient or group of In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples recipients, or their family members or legal representatives, the primary purpose of which is the retention of the lawyer or law firm, and a significant motive for which is pecuniary gain. It does not include a proposal or other writing prepared and delivered in response to a specific request of in england a prospective client. C. A solicitation directed to a recipient in this State, shall be subject to the following provisions: 1. a copy of the solicitation shall at the time of In Denial: The Road To Recovery its dissemination be filed with the attorney disciplinary committee of the judicial district or judicial department wherein the lawyer or law firm maintains its principal office.
Where no such office is maintained, the filing shall be made in the judicial department where the solicitation is targeted. A filing shall consist of: a. a copy of the solicitation; b. a transcript of the audio portion of any radio or television solicitation; and. c. if the solicitation is in a language other than English, an accurate English language translation. 2. such solicitation shall contain no reference to the fact of filing. 3. if a solicitation is directed to a predetermined recipient, a list containing the names and addresses of all recipients shall be retained by the lawyer or law firm for a period of sssc of practice pdf not less than three years following the last date of its dissemination. 4. solicitations filed pursuant to The Road To Recovery Essay this subdivision shall be open to public inspection. 5. the provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to: (i) a solicitation directed or disseminated to a close friend, relative, or former or existing client; (ii) a web site maintained by starbucks, the lawyer or law firm, unless the web site is designed for and directed to or targeted at a prospective client affected by an identifiable actual event or occurrence or by an identifiable prospective defendant; or. (iii) professional cards or other announcements the distribution of which is authorized by The Road, DR 2-102(A). D. A lawyer shall not compensate or give anything of value to a person or organization to poems on nature recommend or obtain employment by a client, or as a reward for having made a recommendation resulting in An Industry The Road Essay examples, employment by a client, except that: 1. A lawyer or law firm may refer clients to a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm pursuant to a contractual relationship with such non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm to provide legal and other professional services on a systematic and poems on nature, continuing basis as permitted by DR 1-107, provided however that such referral shall not otherwise include any monetary or other tangible consideration or reward for such, or the sharing of legal fees; or.
2. A lawyer may pay the usual and reasonable fees or dues charged by a qualified legal assistance organization or referral fees to another lawyer as permitted by DR 2-107. E. A written solicitation shall not be sent by An Industry, a method that requires the recipient to travel to a location other than that at which the recipient ordinarily receives business or personal mail or that requires a signature on the part of the recipient. F. A lawyer or the lawyer's partner or associate or any other affiliated lawyer may be recommended, employed or paid by, or may cooperate with one of the following offices or organizations which promote the use of the lawyer's services or those of a partner or associate or any other affiliated lawyer, or request one of the following offices or organizations to recommend or promote the use of the lawyer's services or those of the lawyer's partner or associate, or any other affiliated lawyer as a private practitioner, if there is no interference with the exercise of independent professional judgment on behalf of the client: 1. a legal aid office or public defender office: a. operated or sponsored by starbucks in england, a duly accredited law school; b. operated or sponsored by a bona fide, non-profit community organization; c. operated or sponsored by a governmental agency; or. d. Operated, sponsored, or approved by In Denial: The Road Essay, a bar association; 2. A military legal assistance office; 3. A lawyer referral service operated, sponsored or approved by a bar association or authorized by law or court rule;
4. Any bona fide organization which recommends, furnishes or pays for legal services to its members or beneficiaries provided the following conditions are satisfied: a. Geoffrey Chaucer's Essay! Neither the lawyer, nor the lawyer's partner, nor associate, nor any other affiliated lawyer nor any non-lawyer, shall have initiated or promoted such organization for the primary purpose of providing financial or other benefit to such lawyer, partner, associate or affiliated lawyer. b. Such organization is not operated for the purpose of procuring legal work or financial benefit for any lawyer as a private practitioner outside of the legal services program of the organization. c. The member or beneficiary to whom the legal services are furnished, and not such organization, is recognized as the client of the lawyer in the matter. d. The legal service plan of such organization provides appropriate relief for any member or beneficiary who asserts a claim that representation by counsel furnished, selected or approved by the organization for the particular matter involved would be unethical, improper or inadequate under the The Road To Recovery, circumstances of the semple fraser, matter involved; and the plan provides an The Road To Recovery Essay, appropriate procedure for seeking such relief. e. The lawyer does not know or have cause to know that such organization is in sssc, violation of applicable laws, rules of court or other legal requirements that govern its legal service operations. f. Such organization has filed with the appropriate disciplinary authority, to An Industry In Denial: examples the extent required by such authority, at least annually a report with respect to its legal service plan, if any, showing its terms, its schedule of benefits, its subscription charges, agreements with counsel and financial results of sssc of practice pdf its legal service activities or, if it has failed to do so, the lawyer does not know or have cause to know of such failure.
G. An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay! No solicitation relating to a specific incident involving potential claims for personal injury or wrongful death shall be disseminated before the 30th day after the date of the ode on a grecian, incident, unless a filing must be made within 30 days of the incident as a legal prerequisite to the particular claim, in An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, which case no unsolicited communication shall be made before the 15th day after the date of the incident. H. Any solicitation made in urn sparknotes, writing or by computer-accessed communication and directed to a pre-determined recipient, if prompted by a specific occurrence involving or affecting a recipient, shall disclose how the lawyer obtained the identity of the recipient and learned of the recipients potential legal need. I. The Road Essay! If a retainer agreement is provided with any solicitation, the top of each page shall be marked SAMPLE in red ink in a type size equal to the largest type size used in the agreement and the words DO NOT SIGN shall appear on the client signature line. J. Any solicitation covered by this section shall include the name, principal law office address and telephone number of the lawyer or law firm whose services are being offered. K. The provisions of this section shall apply to poems on nature a lawyer or members of a law firm not admitted to practice in this State who solicit retention by residents of this State. DR 2-104 [1200.9] Suggestion of Need of Legal Services. C. A lawyer may accept employment which results from participation in activities designed to educate the public to recognize legal problems, to make intelligent selection of counsel or to utilize available legal services. D. A lawyer who is recommended, furnished or paid by a qualified legal assistance organization may represent a member or beneficiary thereof, to the extent and under the conditions prescribed therein. E. Without affecting the right to accept employment, a lawyer may speak publicly or write for publication on An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, legal topics so long as the lawyer does not undertake to give individual advice.
F. If success in asserting rights or defenses of a client in litigation in Tales Essay, the nature of An Industry The Road examples a class action is dependent upon the joinder of others, a lawyer may accept employment from those contacted for the purpose of semple fraser obtaining their joinder, provided such acceptance does not violate any statute or court rule in the judicial department in which the lawyer practices. DR 2-105 [1200.10] Identification of Practice and Specialty. A. A lawyer or law firm may publicly identify one or more areas of law in which the lawyer or the law firm practices, or may state that the practice of the lawyer or law firm is limited to one or more areas of law, provided that the lawyer or law firm shall not state that the lawyer or law firm is a specialist or specializes in a particular field of law, except as provided in DR 2-105 [1200.10] (B) or (C). B. A lawyer admitted to engage in An Industry In Denial: Essay, patent practice before the sssc, United States Patent and The Road To Recovery examples, Trademark Office may use the designation Patent Attorney or a substantially similar designation. C. A lawyer may state that the lawyer has been recognized or certified as a specialist only as follows: 1. A lawyer who is certified as a specialist in a particular area of law or law practice by a private organization approved for that purpose by of practice, the American Bar Association may state the fact of certification if, in conjunction therewith, the certifying organization is identified and In Denial: Essay, the following statement is prominently made: The [name of the private certifying organization] is not affiliated with any governmental authority. Certification is not a requirement for the practice of sssc codes of practice law in In Denial: The Road Essay, the State of New York and does not necessarily indicate greater competence than other attorneys experienced in this field of law. 2. A lawyer who is semple fraser certified as a specialist in a particular area of law or law practice by An Industry The Road, the authority having jurisdiction over Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales specialization under the laws of another state or territory may state the Essay examples, fact of certification if, in conjunction therewith, the certifying state or territory is identified and the following statement is prominently made: Certification granted by the [identify state or territory] is not recognized by any governmental authority within the State of New York.
Certification is from king not a requirement for the practice of law in the State of New York and does not necessarily indicate greater competence than other attorneys experienced in this field of law. DR 2-106 [1200.11] Fee for Legal Services. A. An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay! A lawyer shall not enter into an agreement for, charge or collect an illegal or excessive fee. B. A fee is Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales excessive when, after a review of the An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, facts, a lawyer of ordinary prudence would be left with a definite and firm conviction that the poems on nature, fee is in excess of a reasonable fee. Factors to be considered as guides in determining the reasonableness of a fee include the following:
1. The time and labor required, the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved and the skill requisite to perform the legal service properly. 2. The likelihood, if apparent or made known to An Industry In Denial: the client, that the acceptance of the of practice, particular employment will preclude other employment by the lawyer. 3. The fee customarily charged in the locality for similar legal services. 4. The amount involved and the results obtained. 5. The time limitations imposed by the client or by circumstances.
6. The nature and An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay examples, length of the professional relationship with the client. 7. The experience, reputation and ability of the lawyer or lawyers performing the services. 8. Whether the from king lear, fee is fixed or contingent. C. A lawyer shall not enter into an arrangement for, charge or collect: 1. A contingent fee for representing a defendant in a criminal case. 2. Any fee in The Road Essay, a domestic relations matter: a. Quotations From King! The payment or amount of which is contingent upon the securing of a divorce or in any way determined by An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, reference to the amount of starbucks in england maintenance, support, equitable distribution, or property settlement; b. Unless a written retainer agreement is signed by the lawyer and The Road To Recovery Essay, client setting forth in plain language the semple fraser, nature of the relationship and the details of the fee arrangement. A lawyer shall not include in the written retainer agreement a nonrefundable fee clause; or. c. Based upon a security interest, confession of judgment or other lien, without prior notice to the client in An Industry The Road examples, a signed retainer agreement and approval from starbucks, a tribunal after notice to the adversary.
A lawyer shall not foreclose on a mortgage placed on the marital residence while the spouse who consents to An Industry The Road Essay examples the mortgage remains the starbucks in england, titleholder and the residence remains the spouse's primary residence. 3. A fee proscribed by An Industry To Recovery Essay examples, law or rule of court. D. Promptly after a lawyer has been employed in starbucks, a contingent fee matter, the lawyer shall provide the client with a writing stating the method by which the fee is to An Industry The Road be determined, including the percentage or percentages that shall accrue to the lawyer in the event of of practice pdf settlement, trial or appeal, litigation and other expenses to be deducted from the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, recovery and whether such expenses are to be deducted before or, if not prohibited by statute or court rule, after the contingent fee is calculated. Upon conclusion of in england a contingent fee matter, the lawyer shall provide the client with a written statement stating the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, outcome of the matter, and if there is a recovery, showing the remittance to semple fraser the client and the method of In Denial: The Road To Recovery its determination. E. Where representation is in a civil matter, a lawyer shall resolve fee disputes by sssc pdf, arbitration at the election of the client pursuant to An Industry Essay examples a fee arbitration program established by in england, the Chief Administrator of the Courts and approved by The Road examples, the justices of the Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales Essay, Appellate Divisions. F. In Denial: The Road To Recovery! In domestic relations matters, a lawyer shall provide a prospective client with a statement of client?s rights and responsibilities at the initial conference and poems on nature, prior to the signing of a written retainer agreement.
DR 2-107 [1200.12] Division of Fees Among Lawyers. A. A lawyer shall not divide a fee for legal services with another lawyer who is not a partner in or associate of the lawyer's law firm, unless: 1. The client consents to employment of the other lawyer after a full disclosure that a division of The Road Essay fees will be made. 2. The division is in proportion to the services performed by each lawyer or, by a writing given the client, each lawyer assumes joint responsibility for semple fraser, the representation. 3. In Denial: The Road Essay Examples! The total fee of the lawyers does not exceed reasonable compensation for all legal services they rendered the client.
B. This Disciplinary Rule does not prohibit payment to a former partner or associate pursuant to a separation or retirement agreement. DR 2-108 [1200.13] Agreements Restricting the Practice of a Lawyer. A. A lawyer shall not be a party to or participate in a partnership or employment agreement with another lawyer that restricts the right of a lawyer to practice law after the termination of a relationship created by the agreement, except as a condition to payment of retirement benefits. B. In connection with the settlement of sssc codes of practice a controversy or suit, a lawyer shall not enter into An Industry The Road Essay, an agreement that restricts the right of a lawyer to practice law. DR 2-109 [1200.14] Obligation to Decline Employment. A. A lawyer shall not accept employment on behalf of a person if the lawyer knows or it is obvious that such person wishes to: 1.Bring a legal action, conduct a defense, or assert a position in Geoffrey The Canterbury Tales, litigation, or otherwise have steps taken for such person merely for the purpose of harassing or maliciously injuring any person. 2. Present a claim or defense in litigation that is not warranted under existing law, unless it can be supported by a good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal of existing law.
DR 2-110 [1200.15] Withdrawal from Employment. 1. An Industry! If permission for withdrawal from employment is required by the rules of a tribunal, a lawyer shall not withdraw from codes of practice, employment in a proceeding before that tribunal without its permission. 2. Even when withdrawal is An Industry examples otherwise permitted or required under section DR 2-110 [1200.15] (A)(l), (B), or (C), a lawyer shall not withdraw from employment until the lawyer has taken steps to the extent reasonably practicable to avoid foreseeable prejudice to ode on a grecian urn sparknotes the rights of the client, including giving due notice to An Industry The Road the client, allowing time for quotations lear, employment of other counsel, delivering to the client all papers and property to which the client is entitled and complying with applicable laws and rules. 3. A lawyer who withdraws from employment shall refund promptly any part of a fee paid in advance that has not been earned. B. Mandatory withdrawal. A lawyer representing a client before a tribunal, with its permission if required by its rules, shall withdraw from employment, and a lawyer representing a client in other matters shall withdraw from employment, if: 1. The lawyer knows or it is obvious that the An Industry examples, client is bringing the legal action, conducting the defense, or asserting a position in poems on nature, the litigation, or is otherwise having steps taken, merely for the purpose of An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay harassing or maliciously injuring any person.
2. The lawyer knows or it is obvious that continued employment will result in violation of a Disciplinary Rule. 3. The lawyer's mental or physical condition renders it unreasonably difficult to carry out the employment effectively. 4. The lawyer is discharged by poems on nature, his or her client. C. Permissive withdrawal. Except as stated in To Recovery, DR 2-110 [1200.15](A), a lawyer may withdraw from representing a client if withdrawal can be accomplished without material adverse effect on the interests of the client, or if: a. The Canterbury! Insists upon presenting a claim or defense that is not warranted under existing law and cannot be supported by good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal of existing law. b. Persists in a course of action involving the lawyer's services that the lawyer reasonably believes is In Denial: The Road To Recovery criminal or fraudulent. c. Insists that the sssc pdf, lawyer pursue a course of conduct which is illegal or prohibited under the Disciplinary Rules. d. By other conduct renders it unreasonably difficult for An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery, the lawyer to carry out employment effectively. e. Insists, in a matter not pending before a tribunal, that the lawyer engage in conduct which is contrary to ode on a grecian urn sparknotes the judgment and advice of the lawyer but not prohibited under the Disciplinary Rules. f. Deliberately disregards an In Denial: To Recovery Essay, agreement or obligation to the lawyer as to expenses or fees.
g. From! Has used the In Denial: The Road, lawyer's services to perpetrate a crime or fraud. 2 . The lawyer's continued employment is likely to result in in england, a violation of a Disciplinary Rule. 3. The lawyer's inability to work with co-counsel indicates that the best interests of the client likely will be served by withdrawal. 4. The lawyer's mental or physical condition renders it difficult for the lawyer to carry out the employment effectively. 5. The lawyer's client knowingly and freely assents to In Denial: The Road termination of the employment. 6. The lawyer believes in good faith, in a proceeding pending before a tribunal, that the semple fraser, tribunal will find the existence of other good cause for An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, withdrawal. DR 2-111 [1200.15-a] Sale of Law Practice. A. A lawyer retiring from a private practice of law, a law firm one or more members of which are retiring from the private practice of starbucks law with the firm, or the personal representative of a deceased, disabled or missing lawyer, may sell a law practice, including good will, to An Industry The Road To Recovery examples one or more lawyers or law firms, who may purchase the practice. The seller and the buyer may agree on reasonable restrictions on the seller's private practice of law, notwithstanding any other provision of this Code. Retirement shall include the cessation of the semple fraser, private practice of law in the geographic area, that is, the county and city and An Industry The Road To Recovery, any county or city contiguous thereto, in which the practice to be sold has been conducted.
B. Confidences and Secrets. 1. King! With respect to each matter subject to the contemplated sale, the seller may provide prospective buyers with any information not protected as a confidence or secret under DR 4-101 [1200.19]. 2. Notwithstanding DR 4-101 [1200.19], the seller may provide the prospective buyer with information as to individual clients: a. concerning the identity of the client, except as provided in DR 2-111 [1200.15-a] (B)(6); b. concerning the status and general nature of the matter; c. available in public court files; and, d. concerning the financial terms of the attorney-client relationship and the payment status of the client's account. 3. Prior to making any disclosure of confidences or secrets that may be permitted under DR 2-111 [1200.15-a] (B)(2), the seller shall provide the prospective buyer with information regarding the matters involved in the proposed sale sufficient to enable the prospective buyer to determine whether any conflicts of An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay interest exist. Where sufficient information cannot be disclosed without revealing client confidences or secrets, the seller may make the disclosures necessary for the prospective buyer to determine whether any conflict of interest exists, subject to DR 2-111 [1200.15-a] (B)(6).
If the prospective buyer determines that conflicts of interest exist prior to reviewing the information, or determines during the course of review that a conflict of codes interest exists, the prospective buyer shall not review or continue to review the information unless seller shall have obtained the consent of the client in accordance with DR 4-101 [1200.19] (C)(1). 4. Prospective buyers shall maintain the confidentiality of and shall not use any client information received in connection with the In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, proposed sale in sssc pdf, the same manner and to the same extent as if the prospective buyers represented the client. 5. Absent the consent of the client after full disclosure, a seller shall not provide a prospective buyer with information if doing so would cause a violation of the attorney-client privilege. 6. If the seller has reason to An Industry In Denial: To Recovery believe that the urn sparknotes, identity of the client or the fact of the representation itself constitutes a confidence or secret in the circumstances, the seller may not provide such information to a prospective buyer without first advising the client of the identity of the prospective buyer and obtaining the client's consent to To Recovery Essay the proposed disclosure. C. Written notice of the sale shall be given jointly by the seller and the buyer to each of the seller's clients and quotations king, shall include information regarding: 1. The client's right to In Denial: To Recovery retain other counsel or to sssc codes take possession of the file; 2. The fact that the An Industry In Denial: Essay, client's consent to the transfer of the semple fraser, client's file or matter to the buyer will be presumed if the client does not take any action or otherwise object within 90 days of the The Road Essay, sending of the notice, subject to any court rule or statute requiring express approval by the client or a court; 3. The fact that agreements between the seller and the seller's clients as to poems on nature fees will be honored by the buyer; 4. Proposed fee increases, if any, permitted under DR 2-111 [1200.15-e] (E); and. 5. The identity and background of the buyer or buyers, including principal office address, bar admissions, number of years in practice in the state , whether the buyer has ever been disciplined for professional misconduct or convicted of An Industry In Denial: Essay examples a crime, and poems on nature, whether the buyer currently intends to In Denial: The Road Essay examples re-sell the practice. D. When the buyer's representation of a client of the poems on nature, seller would give rise to a waivable conflict of interest, the buyer shall not undertake such representation unless the An Industry To Recovery examples, necessary waiver or waivers have been obtained in sssc codes pdf, writing.
E. The fee charged a client by the buyer shall not be increased by reason of the sale, unless permitted by a retainer agreement with the client or otherwise specifically agreed to by the client. CANON 3. A Lawyer Should Assist in Preventing the Unauthorized Practice of Law. The prohibition against the practice of law by a non-lawyer is grounded in the need of the public for integrity and competence of those who undertake to render legal services. Because of the An Industry examples, fiduciary and poems on nature, personal character of the The Road To Recovery examples, lawyer-client relationship and the inherently complex nature of our legal system, the public can better be assured of the requisite responsibility and competence if the ode on urn sparknotes, practice of An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay law is confined to those who are subject to the requirements and regulations imposed upon members of the legal profession. The sensitive variations in the considerations that bear on Tales, legal determinations often make it difficult even for a lawyer to exercise appropriate professional judgment, and it is therefore essential that the personal nature of the relationship of An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay client and lawyer be preserved. Competent professional judgment is the product of a trained familiarity with law and quotations lear, legal processes, a disciplined, analytical approach to legal problems, and a firm ethical commitment. A non-lawyer who undertakes to handle legal matters is not governed as to An Industry In Denial: The Road examples integrity or legal competence by the same rules that govern the conduct of a lawyer.
A lawyer is not only subject to that regulation but also is committed to high standards of ethical conduct. The public interest is best served in legal matters by a regulated profession committed to such standards. The Disciplinary Rules protect the public in that they prohibit a lawyer from seeking employment by improper overtures, from acting in cases of divided loyalties, and from submitting to the control of others in the exercise of quotations lear judgment. Moreover, a person who entrusts legal matters to a lawyer is protected by An Industry To Recovery Essay examples, the attorney-client privilege and by the duty of the lawyer to poems on nature hold inviolate the confidences and secrets of the client. A person who seeks legal services often is not in a position to judge whether he or she will receive proper professional attention. The entrustment of a legal matter may well involve the confidences, the reputation, the property, the freedom, or even the life of the client.
Proper protection of members of the public demands that no person be permitted to act in An Industry The Road To Recovery, the confidential and demanding capacity of a lawyer without being subject to the regulations of the legal profession. It is neither necessary nor desirable to attempt the formulation of a single, specific definition of sssc codes pdf what constitutes the practice of law. In Denial: The Road To Recovery! Functionally, the Tales Essay, practice of law relates to the rendition of An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay services for others that call for the professional judgment of a lawyer. The essence of the quotations king lear, professional judgment of the lawyer is the educated ability to relate the general body and philosophy of law to a specific legal problem of a client; and thus, the public interest will be better served if only lawyers are permitted to An Industry Essay act in matters involving professional judgment. Where this professional judgment is not involved, non-lawyers, such as court clerks, police officers, abstracters, and many governmental employees, may engage in occupations that require a special knowledge of law in certain areas. But the services of a lawyer are essential in the public interest whenever the exercise of professional legal judgment is required. A lawyer often delegates tasks to clerks, secretaries, and of practice pdf, other lay persons. Such delegation is proper if the lawyer maintains a direct relationship with the client, supervises the delegated work, and has complete professional responsibility for the work product. This delegation enables a lawyer to render legal service more economically and efficiently.
The prohibition against a non-lawyer practicing law does not prevent a non-lawyer from The Road To Recovery, representing himself or herself, for then only that person is ordinarily exposed to possible injury. The purpose of the urn sparknotes, legal profession is to An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples make educated legal representation available to the public; but anyone who does not wish to take advantage of such representation is not required to do so. Even so, the legal profession should help members of the public to recognize legal problems and to understand why it may be unwise for them to act for themselves in matters having legal consequences. Since a lawyer should not aid or encourage a non-lawyer to practice law, the lawyer should not practice law in association with a non-lawyer or otherwise share legal fees with a non-lawyer. This does not mean, however, that the pecuniary value of the interest of a deceased lawyer in a firm or practice may not be paid to the lawyer's estate or specified persons such as the lawyer's spouse or heirs. In like manner, profit-sharing compensation or retirement plans of of practice a lawyer or law firm which include non-lawyer office employees are not improper. An Industry The Road To Recovery Examples! These limited exceptions to the rule against sharing legal fees with non-lawyers are permissible since they do not aid or encourage non-lawyers to practice law. Regulation of the practice of law is accomplished principally by the respective states.
Authority to engage in the practice of starbucks in england law conferred in any jurisdiction is An Industry In Denial: The Road examples not per se a grant of the right to practice elsewhere, and quotations from lear, it is improper for a lawyer to engage in An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay, practice where not permitted by law or by court order to do so. However, the demands of business and the mobility of our society pose distinct problems in the regulation of the of practice pdf, practice of law by the states. In furtherance of the public interest, the An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay examples, legal profession should discourage regulation that unreasonably imposes territorial limitations upon urn sparknotes the right of a lawyer to handle the legal affairs of a client or upon the opportunity of a client to obtain the services of a lawyer of the client's choice in all matters including the An Industry In Denial: examples, presentation of a contested matter in a tribunal before which the lawyer is not permanently admitted to practice. DR 3-101 [1200.16] Aiding Unauthorized Practice of Law. A. Poems On Nature! A lawyer shall not aid a non-lawyer in the unauthorized practice of law. B. A lawyer shall not practice law in a jurisdiction where to do so would be in violation of regulations of the profession in that jurisdiction. DR 3-102 [1200.17] Dividing Legal Fees with a non-lawyer.
A. A lawyer or law firm shall not share legal fees with a non-lawyer, except that: 1. An agreement by An Industry examples, a lawyer with his or her firm, partner, or associate may provide for the payment of starbucks money, over a reasonable period of time after the lawyer's death, to the lawyer's estate or to one or more specified persons. 2. A lawyer who undertakes to complete unfinished legal business of a deceased lawyer may pay to the estate of the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery examples, deceased lawyer that proportion of the total compensation which fairly represents the services rendered by the deceased lawyer. 3. A lawyer or law firm may compensate a non-lawyer employee, or include a non-lawyer employee in a retirement plan, based in whole or in part on a profit-sharing arrangement. DR 3-103 [1200.18] Forming a Partnership with a non-lawyer. A. A lawyer shall not form a partnership with a non-lawyer if any of the activities of the partnership consist of the practice of law. CANON 4. A Lawyer Should Preserve the Confidences and Secrets of semple fraser a Client.
Both the fiduciary relationship existing between lawyer and client and the proper functioning of the legal system require the preservation by the lawyer of confidences and secrets of one who has employed or sought to employ the lawyer. A client must feel free to discuss anything with his or her lawyer and a lawyer must be equally free to obtain information beyond that volunteered by the client. In Denial: The Road To Recovery! A lawyer should be fully informed of all the facts of the matter being handled in order for sssc codes of practice pdf, the client to obtain the full advantage of The Road To Recovery examples our legal system. It is for the lawyer in the exercise of independent professional judgment to separate the relevant and important from the irrelevant and unimportant. The observance of the quotations king, ethical obligation of a lawyer to The Road Essay examples hold inviolate the confidences and secrets of sssc pdf a client not only In Denial: The Road examples, facilitates the starbucks, full development of facts essential to proper representation of the client but also encourages non-lawyers to seek early legal assistance.
The obligation to protect confidences and secrets obviously does not preclude a lawyer from revealing information when the client consents after full disclosure, when necessary to perform the lawyer's professional employment, when permitted by a Disciplinary Rule, or when required by law. Unless the client otherwise directs, a lawyer may disclose the affairs of the An Industry, client to partners or associates of his or her firm. It is a matter of common knowledge that the ode on a grecian, normal operation of a law office exposes confidential professional information to non-lawyer employees of the office, particularly secretaries and those having access to the files; and this obligates a lawyer to exercise care in selecting and training employees so that the An Industry The Road Essay, sanctity of all confidences and secrets of clients may be preserved. Quotations King Lear! If the An Industry Essay examples, obligation extends to ode on a grecian urn sparknotes two or more clients as to the same information, a lawyer should obtain the permission of all before revealing the information. A lawyer must always be sensitive to the rights and wishes of the client and act scrupulously in the making of decisions which may involve the disclosure of information obtained in the professional relationship. Thus, in the absence of In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples consent of the client after full disclosure, a lawyer should not associate another lawyer in the handling of a matter; nor should the poems on nature, lawyer, in the absence of To Recovery Essay examples consent, seek counsel from Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay, another lawyer if there is a reasonable possibility that the To Recovery Essay, identity of the client or the client's confidences or secrets would be revealed to codes of practice pdf such lawyer. Both social amenities and professional duty should cause a lawyer to shun indiscreet conversations concerning clients. Unless the client otherwise directs, it is not improper for a lawyer to give limited information to an outside agency necessary for In Denial: The Road examples, statistical, bookkeeping, accounting, data processing, banking, printing, or other legitimate purposes, provided the king lear, lawyer exercises due care in the selection of the agency and warns the agency that the information must be kept confidential. The attorney-client privilege is more limited than the To Recovery Essay, ethical obligation of poems on nature a lawyer to In Denial: The Road To Recovery guard the confidences and secrets of the client. This ethical precept, unlike the evidentiary privilege, exists without regard to the nature or source of information or the urn sparknotes, fact that others share the knowledge. A lawyer should endeavor to act in a manner which preserves the evidentiary privilege; for example, the lawyer should avoid professional discussions in the presence of persons to whom the privilege does not extend.
A lawyer owes an obligation to advise the client of the In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, attorney-client privilege and ode on urn sparknotes, timely to assert the In Denial:, privilege unless it is waived by the client. A lawyer should not use information acquired in the course of the representation of a client to semple fraser the disadvantage of the client and a lawyer should not use, except with the consent of the client after full disclosure, such information for An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, the lawyer's own purposes. Likewise, a lawyer should be diligent in his or her efforts to poems on nature prevent the misuse of such information by employees and associates. An Industry Essay! Care should be exercised by a lawyer to quotations from lear prevent the disclosure of the confidences and secrets of In Denial: To Recovery Essay one client to another, and no employment should be accepted that might require such disclosure. The obligation to poems on nature protect confidences and secrets of An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples a client continues after the semple fraser, termination of In Denial: The Road Essay employment. Semple Fraser! For example, a lawyer might provide for the personal papers of the client to be returned to the client and for An Industry The Road Essay examples, the papers of the lawyer to be delivered to another lawyer or to be destroyed. In determining the method of disposition, the instructions and wishes of the client should be a dominant consideration. DR 2-111 sets forth the procedures for protecting confidences and secrets of quotations king clients in connection with the sale of a law practice. The lawyer's exercise of discretion to disclose confidences and An Industry The Road To Recovery examples, secrets requires consideration of a wide range of factors and poems on nature, should not be subject to reexamination. A lawyer is The Road examples afforded the professional discretion to reveal the intention of a client to commit a crime and the information necessary to prevent the crime and cannot be subjected to discipline either for The Canterbury Tales, revealing or not revealing such intention or information.
In exercising this discretion, however, the lawyer should consider such factors as the In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, seriousness of the potential injury to others if the prospective crime is committed, the ode on, likelihood that it will be committed and its imminence, the apparent absence of any other feasible way in which the potential injury can be prevented, the extent to which the client may have attempted to involve the lawyer in the prospective crime, the circumstances under which the An Industry In Denial: The Road, lawyer acquired the sssc codes of practice, information of the client's intent, and An Industry The Road Essay examples, any other possibly aggravating or extenuating circumstances. In any case, a disclosure adverse to from king lear the client's interest should be no greater than the lawyer reasonably believes necessary to the purpose. DR 4-101 [1200.19] Preservation of Confidences and Secrets of An Industry Essay a Client. A. Confidence refers to information protected by the attorney-client privilege under applicable law, and secret refers to other information gained in the professional relationship that the semple fraser, client has requested be held inviolate or the disclosure of which would be embarrassing or would be likely to be detrimental to the client. B. An Industry Examples! Except when permitted under DR 4-101 [1200.19] (C), a lawyer shall not knowingly: 1. Poems On Nature! Reveal a confidence or secret of a client. 2. Use a confidence or secret of a client to the disadvantage of the client. 3. Use a confidence or secret of a client for the advantage of the lawyer or of a third person, unless the client consents after full disclosure.
C. A lawyer may reveal: 1. Confidences or secrets with the consent of the client or clients affected, but only after a full disclosure to them. 2. Confidences or secrets when permitted under Disciplinary Rules or required by law or court order. 3. The intention of a client to An Industry The Road To Recovery examples commit a crime and the information necessary to prevent the crime. 4. Confidences or secrets necessary to establish or collect the a grecian, lawyer's fee or to defend the The Road To Recovery Essay, lawyer or his or her employees or associates against an accusation of wrongful conduct. 5. Confidences or secrets to the extent implicit in withdrawing a written or oral opinion or representation previously given by the lawyer and believed by the lawyer still to be relied upon by a third person where the lawyer has discovered that the opinion or representation was based on quotations king lear, materially inaccurate information or is being used to further a crime or fraud. D. A lawyer shall exercise reasonable care to prevent his or her employees, associates, and others whose services are utilized by the lawyer from disclosing or using confidences or secrets of a client, except that a lawyer may reveal the information allowed by DR 4-101 [1200.19] (C) through an In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, employee. CANON 5. A Lawyer Should Exercise Independent Professional Judgment on Behalf of a Client. The professional judgment of a lawyer should be exercised, within the bounds of the law, solely for the benefit of the client and free of compromising influences and Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, loyalties. Neither the lawyer's personal interests, the interests of In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples other clients, nor the desires of third persons should be permitted to dilute the lawyer's loyalty to the client. Interests of a Lawyer That May Affect the Lawyer's Judgment.
A lawyer should not accept proffered employment if the lawyer's personal interests or desires will, or there is reasonable probability that they will, affect adversely the advice to be given or services to starbucks be rendered the An Industry In Denial: Essay examples, prospective client. After accepting employment, a lawyer carefully should refrain from codes, acquiring a property right or assuming a position that would tend to make his or her judgment less protective of the interests of the client. The self-interest of a lawyer resulting from ownership of property in which the client also has an interest or which may affect property of the client may interfere with the exercise of free judgment on behalf of the client. The Road To Recovery Essay Examples! If such interference would occur with respect to a prospective client, a lawyer should decline proffered employment. After accepting employment, a lawyer should not acquire property rights that would adversely affect the lawyer's professional judgment in the representation of the client. Even if the property interests of a lawyer do not presently interfere with the exercise of independent judgment, but the likelihood of interference can be reasonably foreseen by the lawyer, the sssc codes, lawyer should explain the situation to the client and should decline employment or withdraw unless after full disclosure the client consents, preferably in writing, to the continuance of the An Industry examples, relationship. Semple Fraser! A lawyer should not seek to persuade a client to permit the The Road, lawyer to invest in an undertaking of the client nor make improper use of a professional relationship to influence the client to invest in Geoffrey, an enterprise in which the lawyer is interested. As a general principle, all transactions between client and lawyer should be fair and reasonable to the client. In such transactions, a review by independent counsel on behalf of the client is often advisable. Furthermore, a lawyer may not exploit information relating to the representation to the client?s disadvantage.
For example, a lawyer who has learned that the client is investing in specific real estate may not, without the client?s consent, seek to acquire nearby property where doing so would adversely affect the client?s plan for investment. A lawyer may, however, enter into standard commercial transactions with a client for products and services that the client generally markets to others, for example, banking or brokerage services, medical services, products manufactured or distributed by the client, and utilities services. In such transactions, the lawyer has no advantage in dealing with the In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, client and restrictions are unnecessary and impracticable. If, in the course of the representation of semple fraser a client, a lawyer is permitted to receive from the client a beneficial ownership in literary or media rights relating to the subject matter of the employment, the lawyer may be tempted to subordinate the interests of the client to the lawyer's own anticipated pecuniary gain. For example, a lawyer in a criminal case who obtains from the client television, radio, motion picture, newspaper, magazine, book, or other literary or media rights with respect to the case may be influenced, consciously or unconsciously, to a course of conduct that will enhance the value of the literary or media rights to the prejudice of the In Denial: Essay examples, client. To prevent these potentially differing interests, such arrangements should be scrupulously avoided prior to the termination of Geoffrey The Canterbury Tales all aspects of the An Industry In Denial: Essay, matter giving rise to the employment, even though the employment has previously ended. Likewise, arrangements with third parties, such as book, newspaper or magazine publishers or television, radio or motion picture producers, pursuant to which the quotations, lawyer conveys whatever literary or media rights the In Denial: The Road To Recovery, lawyer may have, should not be entered into prior to the conclusion of the quotations king lear, matter. A lawyer should not suggest to the client that a gift be made to the lawyer or for the lawyer's benefit. If a lawyer accepts a gift from the client, the lawyer is peculiarly susceptible to the charge that he or she unduly influenced or overreached the client. If a client voluntarily offers to make a gift to the lawyer, the lawyer may accept the gift, but before doing so, should urge that the In Denial: The Road, client secure disinterested advice from an independent, competent person who is cognizant of all the circumstances. Other than in exceptional circumstances, a lawyer should insist that an instrument in which the client desires to name the lawyer beneficially be prepared by codes of practice, another lawyer selected by An Industry In Denial: To Recovery examples, the client.
A lawyer should not consciously influence a client to name the lawyer as executor, trustee, or lawyer in an instrument. In those cases where a client wishes to name the lawyer as such, care should be taken by the lawyer to avoid even the appearance of impropriety. The possibility of an adverse effect upon the exercise of free judgment by the lawyer on behalf of the client during litigation generally makes it undesirable for the lawyer to acquire a proprietary interest in the cause of the client or otherwise to become financially interested in the outcome of the litigation. However, it is not improper for a lawyer to protect the right to collect a fee for his or her services by the assertion of legally permissible liens, even though by doing so the lawyer may acquire an interest in the outcome of litigation. Although a contingent fee arrangement gives a lawyer a financial interest in the outcome of litigation, a reasonable contingent fee is permissible in civil cases because it may be the only means by which a non-lawyer can obtain the services of Geoffrey Chaucer's a lawyer of his or her choice. But a lawyer, who is in a better position to evaluate a cause of action, should enter into a contingent fee arrangement only in To Recovery examples, those instances where the arrangement will be beneficial to in england the client. A financial interest in the outcome of litigation also results if monetary advances are made by the lawyer to the client. Although this assistance generally is not encouraged, there are instances when it is An Industry The Road To Recovery examples not improper to make loans to a client.
For example, the advancing or guaranteeing of payment of the costs and expenses of semple fraser litigation by An Industry In Denial: examples, a lawyer may be the only way a client can enforce a cause of action, but the ultimate liability for poems on nature, such costs and expenses must be that of the client except, where not prohibited by law or court rule, in the case of an indigent client represented on a pro An Industry bono basis. Occasionally a lawyer is sssc codes of practice called upon to decide in a particular case whether the lawyer will be a witness or an advocate. If a lawyer is An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples both counsel and witness on a significant issue, the lawyer becomes more easily impeachable for interest and poems on nature, thus may be a less effective witness. Conversely, the opposing counsel may be handicapped in challenging the An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, credibility of the lawyer when the lawyer also appears as an advocate on issues of fact in the case. An advocate who becomes a witness is in the unseemly and ineffective position of arguing his or her own credibility. The roles of an poems on nature, advocate on In Denial:, issues of fact and of a witness are inconsistent; the poems on nature, function of an advocate is to advance or argue the cause of another, while that of a witness is to state facts objectively. Problems incident to the lawyer-witness relationship arise at different stages; they relate either to whether a lawyer should accept employment or should withdraw from employment.
Regardless of when the problem arises, the lawyer's decision is to be governed by the same basic considerations. It is not objectionable for a lawyer who is a potential witness to be an advocate on issues of fact if it is unlikely that he or she will be called as a witness because the testimony would be merely cumulative or if the testimony will relate only to an uncontested issue. To Recovery Examples! In the exceptional situation where it will be manifestly unfair to the client for the lawyer to refuse employment or to semple fraser withdraw when the The Road Essay, lawyer will likely be a witness on lear, a contested issue, the An Industry To Recovery Essay examples, lawyer may serve as advocate on issues of ode on urn sparknotes fact even though he or she may be a witness. In making such decision, the lawyer should determine the In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, personal or financial sacrifice of the client that may result from the lawyer's refusal of employment or withdrawal therefrom, the materiality of the lawyer's testimony, and the effectiveness of the lawyer's representation in view of his or her personal involvement. In weighing these factors, it should be clear that refusal or withdrawal will impose an unreasonable hardship upon the client before the lawyer accepts or continues the employment. Where the question arises, doubts should be resolved in favor of the lawyer testifying and against the lawyer's becoming or continuing as an advocate on issues of fact. A lawyer should not permit personal interests to Geoffrey The Canterbury Essay influence the lawyer's advice relative to a suggestion by the client that additional counsel be employed. In like manner, the lawyer's personal interests should not deter the lawyer from suggesting that additional counsel be employed; on the contrary, the lawyer should be alert to the desirability of recommending additional counsel when, in his or her judgment, the proper representation of the client requires it. Inability of co-counsel to agree on a matter vital to the representation of their client requires that their disagreement be submitted by them jointly to their client for resolution by An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, the client, and the decision of the client shall control the action to poems on nature be taken. A lawyer should not maintain membership in or be influenced by any organization of employees that undertakes to In Denial: prescribe, direct, or suggest when or how to fulfill his or her professional obligations to a person or organization that employs the lawyer. Although it is not necessarily improper for a lawyer employed by a corporation or similar entity to be a member of an organization of employees, the lawyer should be vigilant to safeguard his or her fidelity as a lawyer to in england the employer, free from outside influences.
Interests of Multiple Clients. Maintaining the independence of An Industry In Denial: examples professional judgment required of a lawyer precludes acceptance or continuation of employment that will adversely affect the lawyer's judgment on behalf of or dilute the lawyer's loyalty to a client. This problem arises whenever a lawyer is asked to represent two or more clients who may have differing interests, whether such interests be conflicting, inconsistent, diverse, or otherwise discordant. If a lawyer is requested to undertake or to continue representation of ode on urn sparknotes multiple clients having potentially differing interests, the lawyer must weigh carefully the possibility that the lawyer's judgment may be impaired or loyalty divided if the lawyer accepts or continues the employment. The lawyer should resolve all doubts against the propriety of the representation. A lawyer should never represent in An Industry In Denial: To Recovery, litigation multiple clients with differing interests; and there are few situations in poems on nature, which the lawyer would be justified in representing in litigation multiple clients with potentially differing interests. If a lawyer accepted such employment and the interests did become actually differing, the An Industry To Recovery, lawyer would have to withdraw from employment with likelihood of resulting hardship on Geoffrey Chaucer's Essay, the clients; and for this reason it is preferable that the lawyer refuse the employment initially.
On the other hand, there are many instances in which a lawyer may properly serve multiple clients having potentially differing interests in The Road To Recovery, matters not involving litigation. If the interests vary only slightly, it is generally likely that the lawyer will not be subjected to an adverse influence and that the lawyer can retain his or her independent judgment on behalf of starbucks each client; and if the interests become differing, withdrawal is In Denial: To Recovery Essay less likely to have a disruptive effect upon the causes of the clients. Simultaneous representation in unrelated matters of clients whose interests are only generally diverse, such as competing economic enterprises, does not by itself require consent of the respective clients. Likewise, a lawyer may generally represent parties having antagonistic positions on a legal question that has arisen in different cases, unless representation of either client would be adversely affected. Thus, it is starbucks in england ordinarily not improper to assert such positions in cases pending in different trial courts. In those instances in which a lawyer is justified in representing two or more clients having differing interests, it is nevertheless essential that each client be given the The Road To Recovery Essay examples, opportunity to evaluate the lear, need for representation free of To Recovery examples any potential conflict and to obtain other counsel if the client so desires. Thus before a lawyer may represent multiple clients, the lawyer should explain fully to each client the implications of the common representation and otherwise provide to each client information reasonably sufficient, giving due regard to the sophistication of the client, to starbucks permit the client to An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples appreciate the from, significance of the potential conflict, and should accept or continue employment only if each client consents, preferably in writing.
If there are present other circumstances that might cause any of the multiple clients to question the undivided loyalty of the lawyer, the lawyer should also advise all of the clients of those circumstances. If a disinterested lawyer would conclude that any of the affected clients should not agree to the representation under the circumstances, the lawyer involved should not ask for such agreement or provide representation on An Industry In Denial: The Road, the basis of the client?s consent. In addition, there may be circumstances in ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, which it is impossible to make the In Denial: The Road Essay, disclosure necessary to obtain consent, such as when the lawyer represents different clients in related matters and one of the poems on nature, clients refuses to consent to the disclosure necessary to permit the other client to make an informed decision. The Road To Recovery Examples! In all cases in which the fact, validity or propriety of client consent is called into question, the lawyer must bear the burden of establishing that consent was properly obtained and relied upon by poems on nature, the lawyer. Typically recurring situations involving potentially differing interests are those in which a lawyer is An Industry The Road asked to represent co-defendants in a criminal case, co-plaintiffs or co-defendants in a personal injury case, an insured and insurer, and beneficiaries of the estate of semple fraser a decedent. Whether a lawyer can fairly and adequately protect the interests of multiple clients in these and similar situations depends upon an analysis of each case. In certain circumstances, there may exist little chance of the judgment of the lawyer being adversely affected by the slight possibility that the interests will become actually differing; in other circumstances, the Essay examples, chance of adverse effect upon ode on urn sparknotes the lawyer's judgment is not unlikely. A lawyer employed or retained by a corporation or similar entity owes allegiance to In Denial: The Road examples the entity and not to a shareholder, director, officer, employee, representative, or other person connected with the entity. In advising the entity, a lawyer should keep paramount its interests and the lawyer's professional judgment should not be influenced by the personal desires of any person or organization. Occasionally a lawyer for quotations, an entity is requested to In Denial: The Road Essay examples represent a shareholder, director, officer, employee, representative, or other person connected with the pdf, entity in an individual capacity; in such case the lawyer may serve the individual only if the lawyer is convinced that differing interests are not present. An Industry The Road! Representation of a corporation or similar entity does not necessarily constitute representation of all of Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales its affiliates.
A number of factors should be considered before undertaking a representation adverse to the affiliate of a client including, without limitation, the nature and extent of the relationship between the entities, the An Industry The Road Essay examples, nature and extent of the relationship between the matters, and the reasonable understanding of the organizational client as to whether its affiliates fall within the scope of the representation. Occasionally, the lawyer may learn that an officer, employee or other person associated with the entity is semple fraser engaged in action, refuses to act, or intends to An Industry To Recovery act or to Geoffrey Essay refrain from acting in a matter related to the representation that is a violation of a legal obligation to Essay the entity, or a violation of law which reasonably might be imputed to the entity, and is likely to result in starbucks, substantial injury to the entity. In such event, the lawyer must proceed as is reasonably necessary in the best interest of the entity. In determining how to An Industry In Denial: The Road examples proceed, the lawyer should give due consideration to the seriousness of the violation and its consequences, the scope and nature of the lawyer?s representation, the responsibility in the entity and the apparent motivation of the ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, person involved, the In Denial: The Road examples, policies of the entity concerning such matters and poems on nature, any other relevant considerations. Any measures taken should be designed to minimize disruption of the entity and the risk of revealing confidences and secrets of the An Industry In Denial: Essay, entity. Such measures may include among others: asking reconsideration of the matter, advising that a separate legal opinion on the matter be sought for ode on, presentation to appropriate authority in An Industry The Road examples, the entity, and referring the matter to higher authority in the entity not involved in the wrongdoing, including, if warranted by the seriousness of the matter, referral to the highest authority that can act in behalf of the entity as determined by applicable law. A lawyer for a corporation or other organization who is asked to become a member of codes its board of directors should determine whether the responsibilities of the two roles may conflict. The lawyer may be called on to advise the An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, corporation in ode on urn sparknotes, matters involving actions of the directors. Consideration should be given to the frequency with which such situations may arise, the The Road To Recovery examples, potential intensity of the conflict, the effect of the lawyer?s resignation from the board and the possibility of the corporation?s obtaining legal advice from another lawyer in such situations. Chaucer's Tales Essay! If there is a material risk that the In Denial: Essay, dual role will compromise the lawyer?s independent professional judgment on behalf of the corporation, the lawyer should not serve as a director. A lawyer may in a single matter represent several clients whose interests are not actually or potentially differing.
Nevertheless, the lawyer should explain any circumstances that might cause a client to sssc pdf question the lawyer's undivided loyalty. Regardless of the belief of a lawyer that he or she may properly represent multiple clients, the lawyer must defer to a client who holds the contrary belief and withdraw from representation of that client. A lawyer is often asked to The Road examples serve as an in england, impartial arbitrator or mediator in matters which involve present or former clients. The lawyer may serve in either capacity after disclosing such present or former relationships. A lawyer who has undertaken to act as an impartial arbitrator or mediator should not thereafter represent in the dispute any of the Essay, parties involved. Desires of poems on nature Third Persons. The obligation of An Industry In Denial: a lawyer to The Canterbury Tales Essay exercise professional judgment solely on In Denial: The Road Essay examples, behalf of the client requires disregarding the desires of others that might impair the lawyer's free judgment. The desires of a third person will seldom adversely affect a lawyer unless that person is in a position to codes of practice pdf exert strong economic, political, or social pressures upon the lawyer. These influences are often subtle, and a lawyer must be alert to their existence. A lawyer subjected to outside pressures should make full disclosure of them to the client; and if the lawyer or the client believes that the effectiveness of the representation has been or will be impaired thereby, the lawyer should take proper steps to withdraw from representation of the client. Economic, political or social pressures by third persons are less likely to The Road impinge upon the independent judgment of a lawyer in a matter in which the lawyer is lear compensated directly by the client and the professional work is exclusively with the client.
On the other hand, if a lawyer is compensated from a source other than the client, the lawyer may feel a sense of responsibility to someone other than the client. A person or organization that pays or furnishes lawyers to represent others possesses a potential power to exert strong pressures against the independent judgment of An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay those lawyers. Starbucks! Some employers may be interested in furthering their own economic, political, or social goals without regard to the professional responsibility of the lawyer to an individual client. Examples! Others may be far more concerned with establishment or extension of The Canterbury Essay legal principles than in the immediate protection of the In Denial: Essay examples, rights of the lawyer's individual client. On some occasions, decisions on priority of semple fraser work may be made by the employer rather than the lawyer with the result that prosecution of work already undertaken for clients is postponed to their detriment. In Denial: Essay! Similarly, an employer may seek, consciously or unconsciously, to further its own economic interests through the actions of the lawyers employed by it. Since a lawyer must always be free to exercise professional judgment without regard to the interests or motives of a third person, the lawyer who is employed by one to ode on represent another must constantly guard against To Recovery Essay examples, erosion of professional freedom. To assist a lawyer in from, preserving professional independence, a number of courses are available. For example, a lawyer should not practice with or in An Industry The Road examples, the form of a professional legal corporation, even though the corporate form is ode on urn sparknotes permitted by law, if any of its directors, officers, or shareholders is a non-lawyer. Although a lawyer may be employed by a business corporation with non-lawyers serving as directors or officers, and they necessarily have the right to make decisions of business policy, a lawyer must decline to accept direction of his or her professional judgment from any non-lawyer.
Various types of legal aid offices are administered by boards of directors composed of An Industry In Denial: lawyers and non-lawyers. Quotations From Lear! A lawyer should not accept employment from such an organization unless the board sets only To Recovery Essay, broad policies and there is no interference in the relationship of the lawyer and his or her individual client. Codes! Where a lawyer is employed by an organization, a written agreement that defines the relationship between the lawyer and the organization and provides for the lawyer's independence is desirable since it may serve to prevent misunderstanding as to their respective roles. Although other innovations in the means of supplying legal counsel may develop, the responsibility of the lawyer to maintain professional independence remains constant, and the legal profession must insure that changing circumstances do not result in loss of the professional independence of the lawyer. DR 5-101 [1200.20] Conflicts of Interest - Lawyer's Own Interests. A. A lawyer shall not accept or continue employment if the exercise of professional judgment on In Denial: The Road examples, behalf of the poems on nature, client will be or reasonably may be affected by the lawyer?s own financial, business, property, or personal interests, unless a disinterested lawyer would believe that the representation of the client will not be adversely affected thereby and the client consents to the representation after full disclosure of the An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, implications of the lawyer?s interest. DR 5-102 [1200.21] Lawyers as Witnesses. A. A lawyer shall not act, or accept employment that contemplates the poems on nature, lawyer?s acting, as an advocate on issues of In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples fact before any tribunal if the ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, lawyer knows or it is obvious that the lawyer ought to be called as a witness on a significant issue on behalf of the client, except that the lawyer may act as an An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, advocate and also testify: 1. If the testimony will relate solely to an uncontested issue. 2. If the testimony will relate solely to a matter of formality and quotations from king lear, there is no reason to An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay believe that substantial evidence will be offered in opposition to the testimony.
3. If the poems on nature, testimony will relate solely to the nature and value of legal services rendered in the case by the lawyer or the lawyer?s firm to the client. 4. As to any matter, if disqualification as an advocate would work a substantial hardship on the client because of the distinctive value of the An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, lawyer as counsel in the particular case. B. Neither a lawyer nor the lawyer?s firm shall accept employment in contemplated or pending litigation if the lawyer knows or it is obvious that the lawyer or another lawyer in the lawyer?s firm may be called as a witness on Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, a significant issue other than on An Industry examples, behalf of the client, and it is apparent that the testimony would or might be prejudicial to the client. C. If, after undertaking employment in contemplated or pending litigation, a lawyer learns or it is obvious that the Essay, lawyer ought to be called as a witness on In Denial: To Recovery, a significant issue on semple fraser, behalf of the client, the lawyer shall not serve as an advocate on An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, issues of fact before the tribunal, except that the poems on nature, lawyer may continue as an advocate on issues of An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples fact and may testify in the circumstances enumerated in semple fraser, DR 5-102 [1200.21] (B)(1) through (4). D. If, after undertaking employment in contemplated or pending litigation, a lawyer learns or it is obvious that the lawyer or a lawyer in his or her firm may be called as a witness on a significant issue other than on behalf of the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery examples, client, the lawyer may continue the representation until it is apparent that the testimony is or may be prejudicial to the client at which point the lawyer and the firm must withdraw from acting as an advocate before the tribunal. DR 5-103 [1200.22] Avoiding Acquisition of Interest in poems on nature, Litigation. A. An Industry To Recovery! A lawyer shall not acquire a proprietary interest in in england, the cause of action or subject matter of litigation he or she is conducting for a client, except that the lawyer may: 1. Acquire a lien granted by An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, law to secure the lawyer's fee or expenses. 2. Except as provided in DR 2-106 [1200.11] (C)(2) or (3), contract with a client for a reasonable contingent fee in a civil case.
B. While representing a client in connection with contemplated or pending litigation, a lawyer shall not advance or guarantee financial assistance to the client, except that: 1. A lawyer representing an indigent or pro bono client may pay court costs and expenses of litigation on behalf of the starbucks in england, client; 2. A lawyer may advance court costs and expenses of litigation, the In Denial: examples, repayment of which may be contingent on the outcome of the Chaucer's Essay, matter; and. 3. A lawyer, in An Industry In Denial: Essay examples, an action in which an attorney's fee is payable in whole or in part as a percentage of the recovery in the action, may pay on the lawyer's own account court costs and expenses of litigation. In such case, the fee paid to the attorney from the proceeds of the action may include an semple fraser, amount equal to such costs and expenses incurred. DR 5-104 [1200.23] Transactions Between Lawyer and Client.
A. An Industry In Denial: Essay Examples! A lawyer shall not enter into a business transaction with a client if they have differing interests therein and if the client expects the lawyer to exercise professional judgment therein for the protection of the client, unless: 1. The transaction and terms on which the poems on nature, lawyer acquires the interest are fair and reasonable to the client and are fully disclosed and transmitted in writing to the client in a manner that can be reasonably understood by An Industry The Road, the client; 2. The lawyer advises the client to seek the advice of sssc of practice pdf independent counsel in the transaction; and. 3. The client consents in writing, after full disclosure, to the terms of the An Industry In Denial: Essay, transaction and to the lawyer?s inherent conflict of interest in the transaction. B. Prior to conclusion of Tales all aspects of the matter giving rise to employment, a lawyer shall not negotiate or enter into any arrangement or understanding: 1. With a client or a prospective client by which the lawyer acquires an interest in literary or media rights with respect to The Road To Recovery the subject matter of the employment or proposed employment. 2. With any person by which the lawyer transfers or assigns any interest in literary or media rights with respect to the subject matter of employment by a client or prospective client. DR 5-105 [1200.24] Conflict of Interest; Simultaneous Representation. A. A lawyer shall decline proffered employment if the exercise of independent professional judgment in behalf of semple fraser a client will be or is likely to be adversely affected by the acceptance of the proffered employment, or if it would be likely to involve the lawyer in representing differing interests, except to the extent permitted under DR 5-105 [1200.24] (C).
B. A lawyer shall not continue multiple employment if the exercise of independent professional judgment in behalf of a client will be or is likely to be adversely affected by the lawyer's representation of another client, or if it would be likely to involve the lawyer in In Denial: examples, representing differing interests, except to the extent permitted under DR 5-105 [1200.24] (C). C. In the situations covered by DR 5-105 [1200.24] (A) and (B), a lawyer may represent multiple clients if a disinterested lawyer would believe that the lawyer can competently represent the interest of each and if each consents to the representation after full disclosure of the implications of the simultaneous representation and the advantages and risks involved. D. While lawyers are associated in a law firm, none of them shall knowingly accept or continue employment when any one of them practicing alone would be prohibited from doing so under DR 5-101 [1200.20] (A), DR 5-105 [1200.24] (A) or (B), DR 5-108 [1200.27] (A) or (B), or DR 9-101 [1200.45] (B) except as otherwise provided therein. E. A law firm shall keep records of prior engagements, which records shall be made at or near the time of such engagements and shall have a policy implementing a system by which proposed engagements are checked against current and previous engagements, so as to render effective assistance to lawyers within the firm in complying with DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D). Codes Of Practice! Failure to In Denial: To Recovery examples keep records or to have a policy which complies with this subdivision, whether or not a violation of DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D) occurs, shall be a violation by the firm. In cases in which a violation of this subdivision by the firm is a substantial factor in causing a violation of DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D) by a lawyer, the firm, as well as the poems on nature, individual lawyer, shall also be responsible for the violation of DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D). DR 5-106 [1200.25] Settling Similar Claims of An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples Clients. A. A lawyer who represents two or more clients shall not make or participate in the making of an aggregate settlement of the ode on urn sparknotes, claims of or against In Denial: The Road, the clients, unless each client has consented after full disclosure of the implications of the aggregate settlement and the advantages and ode on urn sparknotes, risks involved, including the existence and nature of all the The Road To Recovery Essay, claims involved and the participation of sssc codes pdf each person in the settlement. DR 5-107 [1200.26] Avoiding Influence by Others than the Client. A. Except with the consent of the client after full disclosure a lawyer shall not: 1. Accept compensation for legal services from one other than the client.
2. Accept from one other than the client anything of value related to his or her representation of or employment by the client. B. The Road! Unless authorized by law, a lawyer shall not permit a person who recommends, employs, or pays the lawyer to render legal service for another to direct or regulate his or her professional judgment in rendering such legal services, or to cause the lawyer to compromise the lawyer's duty to Chaucer's maintain the An Industry examples, confidences and secrets of the client under DR 4-101 [1200.19] (B). C. Semple Fraser! A lawyer shall not practice with or in An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, the form of a limited liability company, limited liability partnership or professional corporation authorized to practice law for a profit, if: 1. A non-lawyer owns any interest therein, except that a fiduciary representative of the estate of a lawyer may hold the stock or interest of the lawyer for Chaucer's, a reasonable time during administration; 2. A non-lawyer is a member, corporate director or officer thereof; or.
3. A non-lawyer has the right to direct or control the professional judgment of a lawyer. DR 5-108 [1200.27] Conflict of In Denial: The Road Interest - Former Client. A. Except as provided in DR 9-101 [1200.45] (B) with respect to current or former government lawyers, a lawyer who has represented a client in a matter shall not, without the consent of the former client after full disclosure: 1. Thereafter represent another person in the same or a substantially related matter in which that person's interests are materially adverse to the interests of the former client. 2. Use any confidences or secrets of the former client except as permitted by DR 4-101 [1200.19] (C) or when the confidence or secret has become generally known. B. Except with the codes of practice, consent of the affected client after full disclosure, a lawyer shall not knowingly represent a person in the same or a substantially related matter in which a firm with which the lawyer formerly was associated had previously represented a client: 1. Whose interests are materially adverse to that person; and. 2. About whom the lawyer had acquired information protected by section DR 4-101 [1200.19] (B) that is material to To Recovery Essay examples the matter.
C. Notwithstanding the provisions of DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D), when a lawyer has terminated an association with a firm, the firm is prohibited from thereafter representing a person with interests that are materially adverse to those of a client represented by semple fraser, the formerly associated lawyer and not currently represented by the firm only if the law firm or any lawyer remaining in the firm has information protected by DR 4-101 [1200.19] (B) that is material to the matter, unless the affected client consents after full disclosure. DR 5-109 [1200.28] Organization as Client. A. When a lawyer employed or retained by In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, an organization is dealing with the organization's directors, officers, employees, members, shareholders or other constituents, and it appears that the organization's interests may differ from those of the constituents with whom the lawyer is dealing, the lawyer shall explain that the lawyer is the lawyer for semple fraser, the organization and not for In Denial: Essay examples, any of the constituents. B. If a lawyer for an organization knows that an officer, employee or other person associated with the organization is engaged in action, intends to sssc act or refuses to act in An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, a matter related to the representation that is a violation of a legal obligation to semple fraser the organization, or a violation of law that reasonably might be imputed to the organization, and is likely to result in substantial injury to the organization, the lawyer shall proceed as is reasonably necessary in the best interest of the organization. In determining how to proceed, the An Industry The Road Essay examples, lawyer shall give due consideration to the seriousness of the violation and sssc pdf, its consequences, the scope and nature of the lawyer?s representation, the responsibility in The Road To Recovery, the organization and the apparent motivation of the person involved, the policies of the organization concerning such matters and any other relevant considerations. Any measures taken shall be designed to codes of practice minimize disruption of the organization and The Road Essay, the risk of revealing information relating to the representation to persons outside the organization. Such measures may include, among others: 1. Asking reconsideration of the matter; 2. Advising that a separate legal opinion on the matter be sought for presentation to appropriate authority in the organization; and.
3. Referring the matter to higher authority in the organization, including, if warranted by the seriousness of the sssc codes of practice pdf, matter, referral to the highest authority that can act in The Road Essay, behalf of the organization as determined by applicable law. C. If, despite the lawyer?s efforts in accordance with DR 5-109 [1200.28](B), the highest authority that can act on behalf of the organization insists upon action, or a refusal to act, that is clearly a violation of law and semple fraser, is likely to result in a substantial injury to the organization, the lawyer may resign in accordance with DR 2-110 [1200.15]. DR 5-110 [1200.29] Membership in Legal Service Organization. A. A lawyer may serve as a director, officer or member of a not-for-profit legal services organization, apart from the law firm in Essay examples, which the lawyer practices, notwithstanding that the organization serves persons having interests that differ from those of a client of the lawyer or the ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, lawyer's firm, provided that the lawyer shall not knowingly participate in a decision or action of the organization: 1. If participating in the decision or action would be incompatible with the Essay, lawyer's duty of loyalty to a client under DR 5-101 through DR 5-111 [1200.20 through 1200.29]; or. 2. Where the decision or action could have a material adverse effect on sssc, the representation of a client of the organization whose interests differ from those of a client of the lawyer or the lawyer's firm. DR 5-111 [1200.29-a] Sexual Relations with Clients. A. ? Sexual relations ? means sexual intercourse or the touching of an intimate part of another person for the purpose of sexual arousal, sexual gratification, or sexual abuse. B. In Denial: To Recovery Examples! A lawyer shall not: 1. Poems On Nature! Require or demand sexual relations with a client or third party incident to or as a condition of any professional representation. 2. Employ coercion, intimidation, or undue influence in entering into sexual relations with a client.
3. In domestic relations matters, enter into sexual relations with a client during the An Industry In Denial: The Road, course of the lawyer?s representation of the in england, client. C. DR 5-111 [1200.29-a] (B) shall not apply to sexual relations between lawyers and In Denial: The Road, their spouses or to ongoing consensual sexual relationships that predate the initiation of the lawyer-client relationship. D. Where a lawy er in a firm has sexual relations with a client but does not participate in the representation of that client, the codes, lawyers in In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, the firm shall not be subject to discipline under this rule solely because of the occurrence of such sexual relations. CANON 6. A Grecian! A Lawyer Should Represent a Client Competently. Because of the lawyer's vital role in the legal process, the lawyer should act with competence and An Industry examples, proper care in representing clients. The lawyer should strive to become and remain proficient in his or her practice and should accept employment only in matters which he or she is or intends to become competent to handle.
A lawyer is aided in attaining and maintaining competence by keeping abreast of current legal literature and developments, participating in continuing legal education programs, concentrating in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury, particular areas of the law, and by utilizing other available means. The lawyer has the additional ethical obligation to In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples assist in improving the legal profession, and should do so by participating in bar activities intended to advance the quality and standards of members of the profession. Of particular importance is the careful training of younger associates and the giving of sssc sound guidance to An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples all lawyers who consult the lawyer. In short, a lawyer should strive at all levels to aid the legal profession in advancing the highest possible standards of integrity and competence and personally to meet those standards. While the licensing of sssc codes pdf a lawyer is An Industry To Recovery examples evidence of meeting the semple fraser, standards then prevailing for admission to To Recovery examples the bar, a lawyer generally should not accept employment in any area of the law in which he or she is urn sparknotes not qualified. However, the lawyer may accept such employment if in good faith the lawyer expects to In Denial: The Road Essay examples become qualified through study and investigation, as long as such preparation would not result in unreasonable delay or expense to the client. Proper preparation and representation may require the association by the lawyer of professionals in other disciplines. A lawyer offered employment in a matter in a grecian urn sparknotes, which the lawyer is not and does not expect to become so qualified should either decline the employment or, with the consent of the client, accept the employment and associate a lawyer who is competent in the matter. Having undertaken representation, a lawyer should use proper care to safeguard the interests of the client. If a lawyer has accepted employment in a matter beyond the lawyer's competence but in which the An Industry The Road examples, lawyer expected to pdf become competent, the lawyer should diligently undertake the An Industry To Recovery examples, work and of practice pdf, study necessary to be qualified. In Denial: The Road Examples! In addition to being qualified to handle a particular matter, the lawyer's obligation to the client requires adequate preparation for and appropriate attention to the legal work, as well as promptly responding to inquiries from the quotations from lear, client.
A lawyer should have pride in his or her professional endeavors. The obligation to act competently calls for higher motivation than that arising from An Industry In Denial:, fear of civil liability or disciplinary penalty. A lawyer should not seek, by quotations from lear, contract or other means, to limit prospectively the lawyer's individual liability to the client for malpractice nor shall a lawyer settle a claim for malpractice with an otherwise unrepresented client without first advising the client that independent representation is appropriate. A lawyer who handles the affairs of the client properly has no need to attempt to limit liability for professional activities and An Industry The Road To Recovery, one who does not handle the affairs of the client properly should not be permitted to do so. A lawyer who is a shareholder in or is associated with a professional legal corporation, a member of a limited liability company or a partner in a limited liability partnership engaged in ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, the practices of law may, however, limit the lawyer's liability for malpractice to the extent permitted by In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, law. DR 6-101 [1200.30] Failing to sssc codes of practice pdf Act Competently. A. A lawyer shall not: 1. Handle a legal matter which the lawyer knows or should know that he or she is not competent to handle, without associating with a lawyer who is Essay examples competent to handle it. 2. Handle a legal matter without preparation adequate in the circumstances. 3. Neglect a legal matter entrusted to the lawyer.
DR 6-102 [1200.31] Limiting Liability to Client. A. A lawyer shall not seek, by contract or other means, to limit prospectively the lawyer's individual liability to a client for malpractice, or, without first advising that person that independent representation is appropriate in connection therewith, to poems on nature settle a claim for such liability with an In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, unrepresented client or former client. CANON 7. A Lawyer Should Represent a Client Zealously Within the Bounds of the Law. The duty of a lawyer, both to quotations from king the client and to the legal system, is to The Road To Recovery examples represent the client zealously within the bounds of the law, which includes Disciplinary Rules and semple fraser, enforceable professional regulations. The professional responsibility of a lawyer derives from membership in a profession which has the duty of assisting members of the public to secure and An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, protect available legal rights and benefits. In our government of laws and not of individuals, each member of our society is entitled to have his or her conduct judged and urn sparknotes, regulated in accordance with the law; to seek any lawful objective through legally permissible means; and to present for adjudication any lawful claim, issue, or defense. The bounds of the law in a given case are often difficult to ascertain.
The language of legislative enactments and judicial opinions may be uncertain as applied to varying factual situations. The limits and specific meaning of apparently relevant law may be made doubtful by changing or developing constitutional interpretations, inadequately expressed statutes or judicial opinions, and changing public and judicial attitudes. Certainty of law ranges from well-settled rules through areas of conflicting authority to areas without precedent. Where the bounds of law are uncertain, the action of a lawyer may depend on whether the lawyer is serving as advocate or adviser. A lawyer may serve simultaneously as both advocate and adviser, but the two roles are essentially different. In asserting a position on behalf of the client, an advocate for the most part deals with past conduct and must take the facts as they are. By contrast, a lawyer serving as adviser primarily assists the An Industry To Recovery Essay, client in determining the course of future conduct and a grecian urn sparknotes, relationships.
While serving as advocate, a lawyer should resolve in favor of the client doubts as to the bounds of the law. An Industry Examples! In serving a client as adviser, a lawyer in appropriate circumstances should give his or her professional opinion as to what the urn sparknotes, ultimate decisions of the courts would likely be as to the applicable law. Duty of the Lawyer to a Client. The advocate may urge any permissible construction of the In Denial: The Road, law favorable to the client, without regard to the lawyer's professional opinion as to the likelihood that the sssc codes, construction will ultimately prevail. The lawyer's conduct is within the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, bounds of the law, and therefore permissible, if the position taken is supported by the law or is sssc pdf supportable by a good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal of the law. An Industry To Recovery! However, a lawyer is not justified in asserting a position in litigation that is frivolous. A lawyer as adviser furthers the quotations from king, interest of the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, client by giving a professional opinion as to poems on nature what he or she believes would likely be the In Denial: The Road Essay examples, ultimate decision of the courts on the matter at hand and by starbucks, informing the client of the practical effect of such decision.
The lawyer may continue in In Denial: The Road examples, the representation of the client even though the client has elected to pursue a course of conduct contrary to the advice of the lawyer so long as the lawyer does not thereby knowingly assist the client to engage in illegal conduct or to take a frivolous legal position. A lawyer should never encourage or aid the quotations from, client to commit criminal acts or counsel the client on how to violate the law and The Road To Recovery examples, avoid punishment therefor. Whether the proposed action of a lawyer is within the bounds of the law may be a perplexing question when the client is contemplating a course of conduct having legal consequences that vary according to the client's intent, motive, or desires at the time of the action. Often a lawyer is sssc codes of practice pdf asked to assist the client in In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, developing evidence relevant to Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales the state of mind of the client at a particular time. The lawyer may properly assist the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery, client in the development and preservation of evidence of existing motive, intent, or desire; obviously, the lawyer may not do anything furthering the creation or preservation of false evidence. In many cases a lawyer may not be certain as to the state of quotations mind of the In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples, client, and in those situations the lawyer should resolve reasonable doubts in favor of the client. In certain areas of legal representation not affecting the merits of the cause or substantially prejudicing the Geoffrey Chaucer's Essay, rights of a client, a lawyer is entitled to An Industry In Denial: Essay make decisions.
But otherwise the authority to make decisions is exclusively that of the client and, if made within the framework of the law, such decisions are binding on the lawyer. As typical examples in civil cases, it is for the client to decide whether to accept a settlement offer or whether to ode on a grecian waive the right to In Denial: Essay examples plead an affirmative defense. A defense lawyer in a criminal case has the duty to advise the client fully on whether a particular plea to a charge appears to be desirable and as to the prospects of pdf success on In Denial: The Road Essay examples, appeal, but it is for the client to decide what plea should be entered and whether an a grecian, appeal should be taken. A lawyer should exert best efforts to ensure that decisions of the An Industry The Road Essay, client are made only after the poems on nature, client has been informed of relevant considerations. A lawyer ought to initiate this decision-making process if the client does not do so. Advice of An Industry In Denial: a lawyer to the client need not be confined to purely legal considerations. A lawyer should advise the client of the possible effect of each legal alternative. Chaucer's! A lawyer should bring to bear upon this decision-making process the fullness of his or her experience as well as the lawyer's objective viewpoint. In assisting the client to reach a proper decision, it is often desirable for a lawyer to point out those factors which may lead to a decision that is morally just as well as legally permissible. The lawyer may emphasize the To Recovery, possibility of harsh consequences that might result from assertion of in england legally permissible positions. An Industry The Road To Recovery! In the poems on nature, final analysis, however, the lawyer should always remember that the decision whether to forego legally available objectives or methods because of non-legal factors is ultimately for the client and not for the lawyer.
In the The Road examples, event that the client in a non-adjudicatory matter insists upon a course of conduct that is contrary to the judgment and advice of the lawyer but not prohibited by semple fraser, Disciplinary Rules, the lawyer may withdraw from the employment. In the An Industry To Recovery examples, exercise of the lawyer's professional judgment on those decisions which are for the lawyer's determination in the handling of a legal matter, a lawyer should always act in a manner consistent with the best interests of the client. However, when an action in the best interest of the client seems to the lawyer to be unjust, the lawyer may ask the client for permission to forego such action. The duty of a lawyer to represent the client with zeal does not militate against the concurrent obligations to treat with consideration all persons involved in the legal process and to avoid the infliction of a grecian needless harm. The responsibilities of a lawyer may vary according to the intelligence, experience, mental condition or age of An Industry To Recovery Essay examples a client, the obligation of a public officer, or the from, nature of a particular proceeding. Examples include the representation of an illiterate or an incompetent, service as a public prosecutor or other government lawyer, and appearances before administrative and legislative bodies. Any mental or physical condition that renders a client incapable of making a considered judgment on examples, his or her own behalf casts additional responsibilities upon the lawyer.
Where an incompetent is acting through a guardian or other legal representative, a lawyer must look to such representative for those decisions which are normally the ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, prerogative of the client to make. If a client under disability has no legal representative, the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples, lawyer may be compelled in court proceedings to make decisions on behalf of the client. If the client is capable of understanding the matter in question or of semple fraser contributing to the advancement of his or her interests, regardless of whether the client is legally disqualified from performing certain acts, the lawyer should obtain from the client all possible aid. If the disability of a client and the lack of a legal representative compel the lawyer to make decisions for the client, the lawyer should consider all circumstances then prevailing and act with care to safeguard and advance the The Road To Recovery Essay, interests of the client. But obviously a lawyer cannot perform any act or make any decision which the law requires the client to perform or make, either acting alone if competent, or by a duly constituted representative if legally incompetent. The responsibility of a public prosecutor differs from that of the usual advocate; it is to seek justice, not merely to convict.
This special duty exists because: (1) the prosecutor represents the sovereign and therefore should use restraint in the discretionary exercise of governmental powers, such as in the selection of cases to prosecute; (2) during trial the prosecutor is a grecian urn sparknotes not only an advocate but also may make decisions normally made by an individual client, and The Road Essay examples, those affecting the public interest should be fair to all; and starbucks in england, (3) in our system of criminal justice the accused is to be given the benefit of all reasonable doubts. With respect to evidence and witnesses, the prosecutor has responsibilities different from those of a lawyer in private practice: the prosecutor should make timely disclosure to the defense of available evidence, known to the prosecutor, that tends to An Industry The Road negate the guilt of the accused, mitigate the degree of the offense, or reduce the sssc codes, punishment. Further, a prosecutor should not intentionally avoid pursuit of evidence merely because he or she believes it will damage the prosecutor's case or aid the accused. A government lawyer who has discretionary power relative to litigation should refrain from instituting or continuing litigation that is obviously unfair. A government lawyer not having such discretionary power who believes there is lack of merit in a controversy submitted to the lawyer should so advise his or her superiors and recommend the avoidance of unfair litigation. A government lawyer in An Industry The Road To Recovery, a civil action or administrative proceeding has the semple fraser, responsibility to seek justice and to develop a full and fair record, and An Industry To Recovery Essay, should not use his or her position or the economic power of the government to harass parties or to bring about unjust settlements or results. The responsibilities of government lawyers with respect to the compulsion of testimony and other information are generally the same as those of public prosecutors.
The nature and purpose of proceedings before administrative agencies vary widely. The proceedings may be legislative or quasi-judicial, or a combination of both. They may be ex parte in character, in which event they may originate either at the instance of the agency or upon motion of an interested party. The scope of an inquiry may be purely investigative or it may be truly adversary looking toward the adjudication of specific rights of a party or of classes of parties. The foregoing are but examples of some of the types of proceedings conducted by administrative agencies. A lawyer appearing before an administrative agency, regardless of the nature of the proceeding it is conducting, has the continuing duty to advance the cause of the client within the bounds of the law.
Where the applicable rules of the agency impose specific obligations upon a lawyer, it is the lawyer's duty to semple fraser comply therewith, unless the lawyer has a legitimate basis for challenging the validity thereof. In all appearances before administrative agencies, a lawyer should identify the lawyer, the client, if identity of the client is not privileged, and the representative nature of the lawyer's appearance. It is not improper, however, for a lawyer to An Industry In Denial: To Recovery seek from an agency information available to the public without identifying the client. The primary business of a legislative body is to enact laws rather than to adjudicate controversies, although on occasion the activities of a legislative body may take on the characteristics of an adversary proceeding, particularly in investigative and impeachment matters. The role of a lawyer supporting or opposing proposed legislation normally is quite different from the lawyer's role in representing a person under investigation or on trial by a legislative body.
When a lawyer appears in connection with proposed legislation, it is to starbucks in england affect the lawmaking process, but when the lawyer appears on The Road, behalf of a client in investigatory or impeachment proceedings, it is to protect the rights of the sssc pdf, client. In either event, the lawyer should identify the lawyer and the client, if identity of the client is not privileged, and should comply with applicable laws and legislative rules. The obligation of loyalty to the client applies only to a lawyer in the discharge of professional duties and implies no obligation to adopt a personal viewpoint favorable to the interests or desires of the client. An Industry The Road Essay! While a lawyer must act always with circumspection in order that the lawyer's conduct will not adversely affect the rights of a client in semple fraser, a matter the lawyer is then handling, the lawyer may take positions on In Denial: The Road To Recovery, public issues and espouse legal reforms favored by the lawyer without regard to codes the individual views of any client. The legal system in its broadest sense functions best when persons in The Road To Recovery examples, need of legal advice or assistance are represented by their own counsel. For this reason a lawyer should not communicate on the subject matter of the representation of the semple fraser, client with a person the lawyer knows to be represented in An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery, the matter by a lawyer, unless pursuant to law or rule of court or unless the urn sparknotes, lawyer has the consent of the lawyer for that person. However, a lawyer may properly advise a client to communicate directly with a represented person, if that person is legally competent, without obtaining consent from the represented person?s counsel, and may advise a client with respect to those communications (including by drafting papers for the client to In Denial: The Road Essay examples present to the represented person), provided the Geoffrey Chaucer's Essay, lawyer gives reasonable advance notice to the represented person?s counsel that such communications will be taking place. ?Reasonable advance notice? means notice provided sufficiently in advance of the direct client-to-client communications, and of sufficient content, so that the represented person?s lawyer has an opportunity to advise his or her own client with respect to the client-to-client communications before they take place.
A lawyer who advises a client with respect to To Recovery Essay examples communications with a represented person should also advise the client against engaging in poems on nature, abusive, harassing or unfair conduct. A lawyer who is a party or who is otherwise personally involved in a legal matter or transaction, whether appearing pro se or represented by counsel, may communicate with a represented person on the subject matter of the The Road Essay, representation pursuant to the provisions of DR 7-104 (A) and (B). Starbucks! If one is not represented by counsel, a lawyer representing another may have to deal directly with the unrepresented person; in such an instance a lawyer should not undertake to give advice to the person who is not represented by a lawyer, except to advise the person to obtain a lawyer. Duty of the Lawyer to the Adversary System of Justice. Our legal system provides for the adjudication of disputes governed by the rules of substantive, evidentiary, and procedural law. An adversary presentation counters the natural human tendency to judge too swiftly in In Denial: The Road To Recovery, terms of the familiar that which is a grecian not yet fully known; the advocate, by An Industry In Denial: To Recovery, zealous preparation and presentation of facts and sssc codes pdf, law, enables the tribunal to The Road Essay come to the hearing with an from lear, open and neutral mind and to render impartial judgments. The duty of a lawyer to a client and the lawyer's duty to examples the legal system are the same: to represent the client zealously within the bounds of the law.
In order to function properly, our adjudicative process requires an informed, impartial tribunal capable of administering justice promptly and efficiently according to procedures that command public confidence and respect. Not only must there be competent, adverse presentation of evidence and issues, but a tribunal must be aided by rules appropriate to semple fraser an effective and dignified process. The procedures under which tribunals operate in our adversary system have been prescribed largely by legislative enactments, court rules and decisions, and administrative rules. Through the years certain concepts of proper professional conduct have become rules of law applicable to the adversary adjudicative process. Many of these concepts are the bases for standards of The Road professional conduct set forth in the Disciplinary Rules. The civil adjudicative process is primarily designed for pdf, the settlement of disputes between parties, while the criminal process is designed for To Recovery Essay examples, the protection of society as a whole. Threatening to use, or using, the criminal process to coerce adjustment of private civil claims or controversies is poems on nature a subversion of that process; further, the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery, person against whom the criminal process is so misused may be deterred from asserting legal rights and thus the usefulness of the civil process in settling private disputes is impaired. As in all cases of abuse of judicial process, the quotations from, improper use of criminal process tends to diminish public confidence in our legal system.
Respect for judicial rulings is essential to the proper administration of justice; however, a litigant or lawyer may, in good faith and within the framework of the law, take steps to test the correctness of a ruling of To Recovery Essay examples a tribunal. The complexity of law often makes it difficult for a tribunal to be fully informed unless the pertinent law is presented by the lawyers in the cause. A tribunal that is fully informed on the applicable law is better able to make a fair and accurate determination of the matter before it. The adversary system contemplates that each lawyer will present and argue the existing law in the light most favorable to Chaucer's Tales Essay the client. Where a lawyer knows of controlling legal authority directly adverse to the position of the client, the lawyer should inform the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, tribunal of its existence unless the adversary has done so; but, having made such disclosure, the lawyer may challenge its soundness in urn sparknotes, whole or in part. In order to bring about just and informed decisions, evidentiary and In Denial: To Recovery Essay, procedural rules have been established by tribunals to permit the inclusion of from lear relevant evidence and argument and the exclusion of In Denial: Essay examples all other considerations. The expression by a lawyer of a personal opinion as to the justness of a cause, as to the credibility of Geoffrey The Canterbury a witness, as to the culpability of An Industry Essay a civil litigant, or as to the guilt or innocence of an accused is not a proper subject for argument to the trier of the fact. It is improper as to factual matters because admissible evidence possessed by a lawyer should be presented only as sworn testimony. It is improper as to all other matters because, were the rule otherwise, the silence of a lawyer on a given occasion could be construed unfavorably to the client. However, a lawyer may argue, based on the lawyer's analysis of the evidence, for any position or conclusion with respect to any of the sssc codes, foregoing matters. Rules of evidence and procedure are designed to lead to just decisions and are part of the framework of the law.
Thus while a lawyer may take steps in good faith and within the framework of the An Industry To Recovery examples, law to test the validity of rules, the lawyer is not justified in consciously violating such rules and should be diligent in his or her efforts to Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales Essay guard against unintentional violation of them. As examples, a lawyer should subscribe to or verify only those pleadings that the lawyer believes are in compliance with applicable law and rules; a lawyer should not make any prefatory statement before a tribunal in regard to the purported facts of the case on trial unless the lawyer believes that the statement will be supported by admissible evidence; a lawyer should not ask a witness a question solely for the purpose of An Industry In Denial: The Road examples harassment or embarrassment; and quotations from king lear, a lawyer should not by The Road Essay, subterfuge put before a jury matters which it cannot properly consider. The law and Disciplinary Rules prohibit the starbucks, use of fraudulent, false, or perjured testimony or evidence. A lawyer who knowingly participates in introduction of such testimony or evidence is subject to discipline. A lawyer should, however, present any admissible evidence the client desires to In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples have presented unless the lawyer knows, or from facts within the lawyer's knowledge should know, that such testimony or evidence is false, fraudulent, or perjured.
Because it interferes with the proper administration of justice, a lawyer should not suppress evidence that the lawyer or the client has a legal obligation to Tales reveal or produce. In like manner, a lawyer should not advise or cause a person to hide or to leave the In Denial:, jurisdiction of a tribunal for the purpose of being unavailable as witness therein. Witnesses should always testify truthfully and lear, should be free from any financial inducements that might tempt them to Essay do otherwise. A lawyer should not pay or agree to semple fraser pay a non-expert witness an amount in excess of reimbursement for expenses and financial loss incident to being a witness; however, a lawyer may pay or agree to pay an expert witness a reasonable fee for To Recovery, services as an expert. But in no event should a lawyer pay or agree to pay a contingent fee to any witness.
A lawyer should exercise reasonable diligence to see that the client and lay associates conform to these standards. To safeguard the impartiality that is essential to king the judicial process, members of the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, venire and jurors should be protected against extraneous influences. When impartiality is present, public confidence in the judicial system is enhanced. There should be no extra judicial communication with members of the venire prior to trial or with jurors during trial or on behalf of a lawyer connected with the case. Furthermore, a lawyer who is quotations from king lear not connected with the case should not communicate with or cause another to communicate with a member of the venire or a juror about the case. After the trial, communication by a lawyer with jurors is permitted so long as the lawyer refrains from asking questions or making comments that tend to In Denial: Essay examples harass or embarrass the starbucks, juror or to influence actions of the juror in future cases.
Were a lawyer to be prohibited from communicating after trial with a juror, the lawyer could not ascertain if the verdict might be subject to legal challenge, in which event the invalidity of a verdict might go undetected. When an extrajudicial communication by a lawyer with a juror is permitted by In Denial: The Road, law, it should be made considerately and with deference to the personal feelings of the juror. Vexatious or harassing investigations of members of the venire or jurors seriously impair the effectiveness of our jury system. For this reason, a lawyer or anyone on the lawyer's behalf who conducts an starbucks, investigation of members of the venire or jurors should act with circumspection and restraint. Communications with or investigations of members of families of Essay examples members of the venire or jurors by semple fraser, a lawyer or by anyone on the lawyer's behalf are subject to the restrictions imposed upon the lawyer with respect to communications with or investigations of members of the venire and jurors. Because of the duty to aid in preserving the integrity of the jury system, a lawyer who learns of improper conduct by or towards a member of the venire, a juror, or a member of the family of either should make a prompt report to the court regarding such conduct. A goal of our legal system is that each party shall have his or her case criminal or civil, adjudicated by an impartial tribunal.
The attainment of this goal may be defeated by The Road To Recovery, dissemination of news or comments which tend to influence judge or jury. Such news or comments may prevent prospective jurors from being impartial at the outset of the trial and may also interfere with the obligation of semple fraser jurors to base their verdict solely upon the evidence admitted in the trial. The release by a lawyer of out-of-court statements regarding an anticipated or pending trial may improperly affect the impartiality of the tribunal. For these reasons, standards for permissible and prohibited conduct of a lawyer with respect to trial publicity have been established. The impartiality of a public servant in our legal system may be impaired by the receipt of gifts or loans. A lawyer, therefore, is examples never justified in making a gift or a loan to a judge, a hearing officer, or an officer or employee of a tribunal except as permitted by the Code of Judicial Conduct, but a lawyer may make a contribution to the campaign fund of a candidate for judicial office in conformity with the Code of Judicial Conduct. All litigants and lawyers should have access to Essay tribunals on an equal basis. The Road To Recovery Examples! Generally, in adversary proceedings a lawyer should not communicate with a judge relative to a matter pending before, or which is to be brought before, a tribunal over in england which the judge presides in circumstances which might have the The Road To Recovery, effect or give the appearance of granting undue advantage to one party.
For example, a lawyer should not communicate with a tribunal by a writing unless a copy thereof is promptly delivered to opposing counsel or to codes the adverse party if such party is not represented by a lawyer. Ordinarily an oral communication by a lawyer with a judge or hearing officer should be made only upon adequate notice to opposing counsel, or if there is An Industry In Denial: Essay examples none, to starbucks in england the opposing party. A lawyer should not condone or participate in private importunities by In Denial: The Road examples, another with a judge or hearing officer on behalf of the lawyer or the client. Judicial hearings ought to be conducted through dignified and orderly procedures designed to protect the poems on nature, rights of all parties. An Industry! Although a lawyer has the urn sparknotes, duty to represent the client zealously, the lawyer should not engage in any conduct that offends the dignity and decorum of proceedings. While maintaining independence, a lawyer should be respectful, courteous, and In Denial: To Recovery, above-board in relations with a judge or hearing officer before whom the lawyer appears.
The lawyer should avoid undue solicitude for the comfort or convenience of judge or jury and should avoid any other conduct calculated to gain special consideration. In adversary proceedings, clients are litigants and ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, though ill feeling may exist between clients, such ill feeling should not influence a lawyer's conduct, attitude, and demeanor towards opposing lawyers. A lawyer should not make unfair or derogatory personal reference to opposing counsel. Haranguing and offensive tactics by lawyers interfere with the orderly administration of justice and have no proper place in our legal system. A lawyer should be courteous to opposing counsel and should accede to An Industry In Denial: To Recovery reasonable requests regarding court proceedings, settings, continuances, waiver of procedural formalities, and similar matters which do not prejudice the rights of the client. A lawyer should follow local customs of courtesy or practice, unless he or she gives timely notice to opposing counsel of the intention not to do so. A lawyer should be punctual in fulfilling all professional commitments. In the final analysis, proper functioning of the adversary system depends upon cooperation between lawyers and starbucks, tribunals in utilizing procedures which will preserve the impartiality of tribunals and make their decisional processes prompt and just, without impinging upon the obligation of lawyers to In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples represent their clients zealously within the framework of the law. DR 7-101 [1200.32] Representing a Client Zealously.
A. Sssc Codes Of Practice Pdf! A lawyer shall not intentionally: 1. Fail to seek the In Denial: The Road To Recovery, lawful objectives of the client through reasonably available means permitted by law and the Disciplinary Rules, except as provided by DR 7-101 [1200.32] (B). A lawyer does not violate this Disciplinary Rule, however, by acceding to reasonable requests of opposing counsel which do not prejudice the rights of the client, by being punctual in fulfilling all professional commitments, by avoiding offensive tactics, or by treating with courtesy and consideration all persons involved in starbucks, the legal process. 2. Fail to carry out a contract of employment entered into with a client for professional services, but the lawyer may withdraw as permitted under DR 2-110 [1200.15], DR 5-102 [1200.21], and An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery, DR 5-105 [1200.24]. 3. Prejudice or damage the client during the pdf, course of the In Denial: To Recovery Essay, professional relationship, except as required under DR 7-102 [1200.33] (B) or as authorized by Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay, DR 2-110 [1200.15]. B. In the representation of a client, a lawyer may: 1. Where permissible, exercise professional judgment to waive or fail to The Road To Recovery Essay examples assert a right or position of the client.
2. Refuse to aid or participate in conduct that the lawyer believes to be unlawful, even though there is some support for poems on nature, an argument that the conduct is legal. DR 7-102 [1200.33] Representing a Client Within the Bounds of the Law. A. In the representation of a client, a lawyer shall not: 1. File a suit, assert a position, conduct a defense, delay a trial, or take other action on behalf of the client when the lawyer knows or when it is obvious that such action would serve merely to harass or maliciously injure another. 2. Knowingly advance a claim or defense that is unwarranted under existing law, except that the lawyer may advance such claim or defense if it can be supported by good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal of existing law. 3. Conceal or knowingly fail to disclose that which the lawyer is required by law to reveal. 4. Knowingly use perjured testimony or false evidence. 5. Knowingly make a false statement of law or fact. 6. Participate in the creation or preservation of evidence when the An Industry To Recovery, lawyer knows or it is obvious that the evidence is false. 7. Counsel or assist the client in conduct that the quotations from king, lawyer knows to be illegal or fraudulent.
8. Knowingly engage in An Industry The Road To Recovery, other illegal conduct or conduct contrary to a Disciplinary Rule. B. A lawyer who receives information clearly establishing that: 1. The client has, in the course of the representation, perpetrated a fraud upon a person or tribunal shall promptly call upon the client to rectify the same, and if the sssc, client refuses or is unable to do so, the lawyer shall reveal the An Industry To Recovery examples, fraud to the affected person or tribunal, except when the information is protected as a confidence or secret. 2. A person other than the sssc, client has perpetrated a fraud upon a tribunal shall reveal the fraud to the tribunal. DR 7-103 [1200.34] Performing the Duty of Public Prosecutor or Other Government Lawyer.
A. A public prosecutor or other government lawyer shall not institute or cause to be instituted criminal charges when he or she knows or it is obvious that the An Industry, charges are not supported by semple fraser, probable cause. B. A public prosecutor or other government lawyer in criminal litigation shall make timely disclosure to counsel for the defendant, or to a defendant who has no counsel, of the examples, existence of evidence, known to a grecian the prosecutor or other government lawyer, that tends to negate the An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, guilt of the accused, mitigate the sssc of practice pdf, degree of the offense or reduce the An Industry, punishment. DR 7-104 [1200.35] Communicating With Represented and semple fraser, Unrepresented Parties. A. During the course of the representation of a client a lawyer shall not: 1. Communicate or cause another to communicate on In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, the subject of the representation with a party the semple fraser, lawyer knows to be represented by a lawyer in An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, that matter unless the lawyer has the prior consent of the lawyer representing such other party or is authorized by quotations king lear, law to do so. 2. Give advice to In Denial: The Road To Recovery a party who is not represented by a lawyer, other than the advice to secure counsel, if the interests of such party are or have a reasonable possibility of being in semple fraser, conflict with the To Recovery Essay, interests of the lawyer's client. B. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of king DR 7-104 [1200.35] (A), and An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay examples, unless prohibited by law, a lawyer may cause a client to communicate with a represented party, if that party is legally competent, and poems on nature, counsel the client with respect to those communications, provided the lawyer gives reasonable advance notice to An Industry To Recovery Essay examples the represented party's counsel that such communications will be taking place. DR 7-105 [1200.36] Threatening Criminal Prosecution. A. A lawyer shall not present, participate in presenting, or threaten to present criminal charges solely to obtain an advantage in a civil matter. A. A lawyer shall not disregard or advise the client to disregard a standing rule of a tribunal or a ruling of a tribunal made in the course of a proceeding, but the lawyer may take appropriate steps in good faith to test the validity of such rule or ruling. B. In presenting a matter to semple fraser a tribunal, a lawyer shall disclose:
1. Controlling legal authority known to the lawyer to be directly adverse to the position of the client and which is not disclosed by opposing counsel. 2. Unless privileged or irrelevant, the identities of the clients the lawyer represents and of the persons who employed the lawyer. C. In appearing as a lawyer before a tribunal, a lawyer shall not: 1. An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay Examples! State or allude to any matter that he or she has no reasonable basis to believe is starbucks in england relevant to the case or that will not be supported by admissible evidence. 2. Ask any question that he or she has no reasonable basis to believe is relevant to the case and that is intended to degrade a witness or other person. 3. Assert personal knowledge of the facts in issue, except when testifying as a witness. 4. Assert a personal opinion as to the justness of a cause, as to the credibility of An Industry In Denial: The Road examples a witness, as to the culpability of a civil litigant, or as to semple fraser the guilt or innocence of an accused; but the An Industry, lawyer may argue, upon analysis of the evidence, for any position or conclusion with respect to the matters stated herein.
5. Geoffrey The Canterbury Essay! Fail to An Industry To Recovery examples comply with known local customs of sssc of practice pdf courtesy or practice of the An Industry In Denial: The Road, bar or a particular tribunal without giving to opposing counsel timely notice of the intent not to comply. 6. Engage in undignified or discourteous conduct which is degrading to a tribunal. 7. Starbucks! Intentionally or habitually violate any established rule of An Industry The Road To Recovery examples procedure or of evidence. A. Quotations King Lear! A lawyer participating in or associated with a criminal or civil matter, or associated in a law firm or government agency with a lawyer participating in An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, or associated with a criminal or civil matter, shall not make an extrajudicial statement that a reasonable person would expect to be disseminated by means of starbucks public communication if the The Road To Recovery Essay examples, lawyer knows or reasonably should know that it will have a substantial likelihood of materially prejudicing an adjudicative proceeding in a grecian, that matter. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a lawyer may make a statement that a reasonable lawyer would believe is required to protect a client from the substantial prejudicial effect of recent publicity not initiated by the lawyer or the lawyer?s client. A statement so made shall be limited to such information as is Essay necessary to mitigate the recent adverse publicity. B. A statement ordinarily is likely to prejudice materially an adjudicative proceeding when it refers to king a civil matter triable to a jury, a criminal matter, or any other proceeding that could result in incarceration, and the statement relates to:
1. The character, credibility, reputation or criminal record of a party, suspect in a criminal investigation or witness, or the identity of a witness, or the expected testimony of In Denial: The Road a party or witness. 2. In a criminal case or proceeding that could result in incarceration, the possibility of a plea of guilty to the offense or the existence or contents of Geoffrey The Canterbury Tales Essay any confession, admission, or statement given by a defendant or suspect or that person's refusal or failure to make a statement. 3. An Industry Essay! The performance or results of any examination or test or the refusal or failure of a person to submit to an examination or test, or the identity or nature of physical evidence expected to be presented. 4. Any opinion as to the guilt or innocence of a defendant or suspect in a criminal case or proceeding that could result in incarceration. 5. Quotations Lear! Information the lawyer knows or reasonably should know is likely to An Industry In Denial: be inadmissible as evidence in a trial and would if disclosed create a substantial risk of prejudicing an impartial trial. 6. The fact that a defendant has been charged with a crime, unless there is included therein a statement explaining that the charge is semple fraser merely an accusation and that the An Industry examples, defendant is presumed innocent until and unless proven guilty. C. Provided that the statement complies with DR 7-107 [1200.38] (A), a lawyer involved with the investigation or litigation of a matter may state the following without elaboration: 1. The general nature of the claim or defense. 2. The information contained in a public record. 3. That an ode on urn sparknotes, investigation of the matter is in progress.
4. The scheduling or result of any step in litigation. 5. A request for assistance in obtaining evidence and information necessary thereto. 6. A warning of danger concerning the In Denial:, behavior of a person involved, when there is reason to codes pdf believe that there exists the likelihood of substantial harm to an individual or to the public interest. 7. In a criminal case: a. The identity, age, residence, occupation and family status of the accused. b. In Denial: The Road To Recovery Examples! If the accused has not been apprehended, information necessary to aid in apprehension of that person. c. The fact, time and place of arrest, resistance, pursuit, use of weapons, and semple fraser, a description of physical evidence seized, other than as contained only in a confession, admission, or statement. d. The identity of investigating and arresting officers or agencies and An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, the length of the investigation. DR 7-108 [1200.39] Communication with or Investigation of Jurors. A. Before the Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales Essay, trial of a case a lawyer connected therewith shall not communicate with or cause another to communicate with anyone the lawyer knows to be a member of the venire from which the jury will be selected for the trial of the case. B. During the trial of a case: 1. A lawyer connected therewith shall not communicate with or cause another to communicate with any member of the jury.
2. A lawyer who is not connected therewith shall not communicate with or cause another to communicate with a juror concerning the case. C. DR 7- 108 [1200.39] (A) and (B) do not prohibit a lawyer from An Industry The Road examples, communicating with members of the venire or jurors in the course of official proceedings. D. After discharge of the jury from further consideration of of practice pdf a case with which the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, lawyer was connected, the lawyer shall not ask questions of sssc codes of practice pdf or make comments to a member of that jury that are calculated merely to harass or embarrass the juror or to influence the juror's actions in future jury service. E. A lawyer shall not conduct or cause, by financial support or otherwise, another to The Road To Recovery examples conduct a vexatious or harassing investigation of either a member of the venire or a juror. F. All restrictions imposed by DR 7-108 [1200.39] upon a lawyer also apply to pdf communications with or investigations of members of a family of a member of the venire or a juror. G. A lawyer shall reveal promptly to the court improper conduct by a member of the venire or a juror, or by another toward a member of the venire or a juror or a member of his or her family of An Industry Essay which the lawyer has knowledge. DR 7-109 [1200.40] Contact with Witnesses. A. A lawyer shall not suppress any evidence that the lawyer or the client has a legal obligation to reveal or produce. B. A lawyer shall not advise or cause a person to hide or to leave the jurisdiction of a tribunal for the purpose of making the quotations king, person unavailable as a witness therein.
C. A lawyer shall not pay, offer to pay, or acquiesce in the payment of An Industry To Recovery compensation to a witness contingent upon the content of his or her testimony or the outcome of the case. But a lawyer may advance, guarantee, or acquiesce in the payment of: 1. Expenses reasonably incurred by semple fraser, a witness in attending or testifying. 2. Reasonable compensation to a witness for the loss of time in To Recovery examples, attending, testifying, preparing to testify or otherwise assisting counsel. 3. A reasonable fee for the professional services of an semple fraser, expert witness. DR 7-110 [1200.41] Contact with Officials. A. A lawyer shall not give or lend anything of value to a judge, official, or employee of a tribunal except as permitted by the Code of Judicial Conduct, but a lawyer may make a contribution to the campaign fund of An Industry a candidate for judicial office in conformity with the starbucks, Code of Judicial Conduct. B. In an adversary proceeding, a lawyer shall not communicate, or cause another to communicate, as to the merits of the cause with a judge or an official before whom the proceeding is An Industry To Recovery examples pending, except: 1. In the poems on nature, course of official proceedings in An Industry, the cause.
2. In writing if the lawyer promptly delivers a copy of the writing to ode on a grecian opposing counsel or to an adverse party who is To Recovery not represented by a lawyer. 3. Orally upon adequate notice to opposing counsel or to an adverse party who is not represented by a lawyer. 4. Geoffrey The Canterbury Tales Essay! As otherwise authorized by law, or by the Code of Judicial Conduct. DR 7-111 [1200.41-a] Communication After Incidents Involving Personal Injury or Wrongful Death. A. In the In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, event of an incident involving potential claims for personal injury or wrongful death, no unsolicited communication shall be made to an individual injured in the incident or to a family member or legal representative of such an individual, by a lawyer or law firm, or by any associate, agent, employee or other representative of a lawyer or law firm, seeking to represent the injured individual or legal representative thereof in potential litigation or in a proceeding arising out of the incident before the 30th day after the starbucks in england, date of the An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, incident, unless a filing must be made within 30 days of the incident as a legal prerequisite to the particular claim, in which case no unsolicited communication shall be made before the 15th day after the date of the incident. B. This provision limiting contact with an injured individual or the legal representative theoreof applies as well to lawyers or law firms or any associate, agent, employee or other representative of a lawyer or law firm who represent actual or potential defendants or entities that may defend and/or indemnify said defendants.
CANON 8. A Lawyer Should Assist in Improving the Legal System. Changes in semple fraser, human affairs and imperfections in human institutions make necessary constant efforts to maintain and An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, improve our legal system. This system should function in a manner that commands public respect and fosters the use of legal remedies to achieve redress of grievances. By reason of starbucks in england education and experience, lawyers are especially qualified to recognize deficiencies in the legal system and to An Industry The Road Essay examples initiate corrective measures therein. Thus they should participate in proposing and supporting legislation and Chaucer's Tales, programs to improve the system, without regard to the general interests or desires of clients or former clients. Rules of law are deficient if they are not just, understandable, and responsive to the needs of society. If a lawyer believes that the An Industry The Road Essay examples, existence or absence of a rule of law, substantive or procedural, causes or contributes to an unjust result, the lawyer should endeavor by lawful means to obtain appropriate changes in the law.
The lawyer should encourage the simplification of laws and the repeal or amendment of of practice pdf laws that are outmoded. Likewise, legal procedures should be improved whenever experience indicates a change is needed. The fair administration of justice requires the availability of competent lawyers. An Industry In Denial:! Members of the public should be educated to recognize the existence of legal problems and the resultant need for legal services, and should be provided methods for intelligent selection of counsel. In England! Those persons unable to An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay examples pay for legal services should be provided needed services.
Clients and lawyers should not be penalized by undue geographical restraints upon representation in legal matters, and the bar should address itself to improvements in licensing, reciprocity, and semple fraser, admission procedures consistent with the needs of modern commerce. Whenever a lawyer seeks legislative or administrative changes, the lawyer should identify the capacity in which he or she appears, whether on behalf of the lawyer, a client, or the public. In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay! A lawyer may advocate such changes on behalf of a client even though the lawyer does not agree with them. Quotations From King Lear! But when a lawyer purports to An Industry In Denial: The Road examples act on behalf of the public, the lawyer should espouse only those changes which the lawyer conscientiously believes to be in the public interest. Lawyers involved in organizations seeking law reform generally do not have a lawyer-client relationship with the organization. Poems On Nature! In determining the nature and scope of participation in law reform activities, a lawyer should be mindful of obligations under Canon 5, particularly DR 5-101 through DR 5-110 . A lawyer is An Industry In Denial: Essay examples professionally obligated to protect the poems on nature, integrity of the organization by making an appropriate disclosure within the organization when the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery, lawyer knows a private client might be materially affected.
Fraudulent, deceptive, or otherwise illegal conduct by a participant in a proceeding before a tribunal or legislative body is inconsistent with fair administration of justice, and semple fraser, it should never be participated in or condoned by lawyers. Unless constrained by An Industry To Recovery Essay, the obligation to preserve the confidences and secrets of the client, a lawyer should reveal to appropriate authorities any knowledge the starbucks, lawyer may have of such improper conduct. Judges and administrative officials having adjudicatory powers ought to be persons of integrity, competence, and An Industry The Road To Recovery examples, suitable temperament. Generally, lawyers are qualified, by personal observation or investigation, to poems on nature evaluate the qualifications of persons seeking or being considered for such public offices, and for this reason they have a special responsibility to aid in the selection of only those who are qualified. It is the duty of lawyers to endeavor to prevent political considerations from outweighing judicial fitness in The Road Essay, the selection of judges. Lawyers should protest earnestly against the appointment or election of those who are unsuited for the bench and should strive to have elected or appointed thereto only those who are willing to forego pursuits, whether of a business, political, or other nature, that may interfere with the free and fair consideration of questions presented for adjudication. Adjudicatory officials, not being wholly free to defend themselves, are entitled to receive the support of the bar against unjust criticism. While a lawyer as a citizen has a right to criticize such officials publicly, the lawyer should be certain of the merit of the complaint, use appropriate language, and avoid petty criticisms, for unrestrained and intemperate statements tend to lessen public confidence in our legal system. Criticisms motivated by reasons other than a desire to improve the legal system are not justified. Since lawyers are a vital part of the legal system, they should be persons of integrity, of professional skill, and of dedication to the improvement of the system. Thus a lawyer should aid in establishing, as well as enforcing, standards of conduct adequate to a grecian urn sparknotes protect the public by insuring that those who practice law are qualified to do so.
Lawyers often serve as legislators or as holders of In Denial: To Recovery Essay other public offices. This is highly desirable, as lawyers are uniquely qualified to make significant contributions to the improvement of the semple fraser, legal system. A lawyer who is a public officer, whether full or part-time, should not engage in An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, activities in which the lawyer's personal or professional interests are or foreseeably may be in conflict with the Geoffrey Chaucer's, lawyer's official duties. The advancement of our legal system is of vital importance in maintaining the rule of law and in facilitating orderly changes; therefore, lawyers should encourage, and In Denial: The Road examples, should aid in making, needed changes and improvements. DR 8-101 [1200.42] Action as a Public Official. A. A lawyer who holds public office shall not: 1. Use the public position to obtain, or attempt to obtain, a special advantage in legislative matters for the lawyer or for a client under circumstances where the Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, lawyer knows or it is obvious that such action is not in the public interest. 2. Use the public position to influence, or attempt to influence, a tribunal to act in To Recovery, favor of the lawyer or of a client. 3. Accept anything of value from any person when the lawyer knows or it is obvious that the offer is for the purpose of influencing the lawyer's action as a public official. DR 8-102 [1200.43] Statements Concerning Judges and Other Adjudicatory Officers. A. A lawyer shall not knowingly make false statements of codes fact concerning the qualifications of a candidate for election or appointment to In Denial: The Road Essay examples a judicial office.
B. A lawyer shall not knowingly make false accusations against semple fraser, a judge or other adjudicatory officer. DR 8-103 [1200.44] Lawyer Candidate for Judicial Office. A. A lawyer who is a candidate for judicial office shall comply with section 100.5 of the Chief Administrator's Rules Governing Judicial Conduct (22 NYCRR) and Canon 5 of the Code of Judicial Conduct. CANON 9. A Lawyer Should Avoid Even the Appearance of Professional Impropriety. Continuation of the American concept that we are to be governed by rules of In Denial: Essay examples law requires that the people have faith that justice can be obtained through our legal system. A lawyer should promote public confidence in our system and in the legal profession. Public confidence in ode on a grecian, law and lawyers may be eroded by irresponsible or improper conduct of An Industry The Road a lawyer. On occasion, ethical conduct of a lawyer may appear to non-lawyers to be unethical. In order to avoid misunderstandings and hence to starbucks maintain confidence, a lawyer should fully and promptly inform the client of material developments in the matters being handled for the client. While a lawyer should guard against otherwise proper conduct that has a tendency to diminish public confidence in the legal system or in the legal profession, the lawyer's duty to clients or to the public should never be subordinate merely because the full discharge of the lawyer's obligation may be misunderstood or may tend to subject the lawyer or the legal profession to criticism.
When explicit ethical guidance does not exist a lawyer should determine prospective conduct by acting in a manner that promotes public confidence in the integrity and efficiency of the legal system and the legal profession. A lawyer who leaves judicial office or other public employment should not thereafter accept employment in connection with any matter in which the An Industry To Recovery, lawyer had substantial responsibility prior to leaving, since to accept employment would give the appearance of impropriety even if none exists. Because the very essence of the starbucks, legal system is to provide procedures by which matters can be presented in an impartial manner so that they may be decided solely upon the merits, any statement or suggestion by An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, a lawyer that the lawyer can or would attempt to circumvent those procedures is detrimental to the legal system and tends to undermine public confidence in it. Separation of the funds of a client from those of the poems on nature, lawyer not only serves to protect the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery, client but also avoids even the appearance of impropriety, and therefore commingling of such funds should be avoided. Every lawyer owes a solemn duty to uphold the integrity and honor of the profession; to encourage respect for the law and for the courts and the judges thereof; to observe the Code of Professional Responsibility; to act as a member of a learned profession, one dedicated to public service; to semple fraser cooperate with other lawyers in supporting the organized bar through devoting time, efforts, and financial support as the lawyer's professional standing and ability reasonably permit; to act so as to reflect credit on An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery, the legal profession and to inspire the confidence, respect, and trust of clients and of the public; and to of practice strive to avoid not only An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, professional impropriety but also the appearance of impropriety. DR 9-101 [1200.45] Avoiding Even the Appearance of Impropriety. A. A lawyer shall not accept private employment in a matter upon the merits of which the lawyer has acted in a judicial capacity.
B. Except as law may otherwise expressly permit: 1. A lawyer shall not represent a private client in poems on nature, connection with a matter in which the In Denial: To Recovery examples, lawyer participated personally and substantially as a public officer or employee, and no lawyer in a firm with which that lawyer is associated may knowingly undertake or continue representation in such a matter unless: a. The disqualified lawyer is effectively screened from any participation, direct or indirect, including discussion, in the matter and is apportioned no part of the fee therefrom; and. b. There are no other circumstances in the particular representation that create an appearance of impropriety. 2. A lawyer having information that the lawyer knows is confidential government information about a person, acquired when the lawyer was a public officer or employee, may not represent a private client whose interests are adverse to that person in a matter in which the information could be used to urn sparknotes the material disadvantage of that person. A firm with which that lawyer is associated may knowingly undertake or continue representation in the matter only if the disqualified lawyer is effectively screened from An Industry The Road To Recovery, any participation, direct or indirect, including discussion, in of practice pdf, the matter and An Industry The Road To Recovery examples, is apportioned no part of the fee therefrom. 3. Semple Fraser! A lawyer serving as a public officer or employee shall not: a. Participate in An Industry The Road Essay examples, a matter in which the lawyer participated personally and urn sparknotes, substantially while in private practice or non-governmental employment, unless under applicable law no one is, or by To Recovery examples, lawful delegation may be, authorized to act in the lawyer's stead in the matter; or. b. Negotiate for private employment with any person who is involved as a party or as attorney for a party in a matter in which the lawyer is participating personally and substantially.
C. A lawyer shall not state or imply that the lawyer is sssc of practice able to influence improperly or upon irrelevant grounds any tribunal, legislative body, or public official. D. The Road Examples! A lawyer related to another lawyer as parent, child, sibling or spouse shall not represent in any matter a client whose interests differ from quotations king lear, those of another party to the matter who the lawyer knows is represented by the other lawyer unless the client consents to the representation after full disclosure and the lawyer concludes that the lawyer can adequately represent the The Road, interests of the client. DR 9-102 [1200.46] Preserving Identity of Funds and Property of Others; Fiduciary Responsibility; Commingling and Misappropriation of Client Funds or Property; Maintenance of Bank Accounts; Record Keeping; Examination of Records. A. Prohibition Against Commingling and codes of practice, Missappropriation of Client Funds or Property. A lawyer in possession of In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples any funds or other property belonging to another person, where such possession is incident to his or her practice of law, is semple fraser a fiduciary, and must not misappropriate such funds or property or commingle such funds or property with his or her own.
B. Separate Accounts. 1. A lawyer who is in possession of funds belonging to another person incident to the lawyer's practice of An Industry In Denial: To Recovery examples law, shall maintain such funds in a banking institution within the State of New York which agrees to provide dishonored check reports in accordance with the provisions of Part 1300 of the the joint rules of the Appellate Divisions. Banking institution means a state or national bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association or credit union. Such funds shall be maintained, in the lawyer's own name, or in sssc codes of practice, the name of The Road To Recovery a firm of lawyers of which he or she is a member, or in ode on urn sparknotes, the name of the lawyer or firm of An Industry The Road Essay lawyers by whom he or she is employed, in a special account or accounts, separate from any business or personal accounts of the lawyer or lawyer's firm, and Tales, separate from any accounts which the lawyer may maintain as executor, guardian, trustee or receiver, or in any other fiduciary capacity, into which special account or accounts all funds held in escrow or otherwise entrusted to the lawyer or firm shall be deposited; provided, however, that such funds may be maintained in a banking institution located outside the State of New York if such banking institution complies with such Part 1300, and In Denial: The Road examples, the lawyer has obtained the prior written approval of the a grecian, person to whom such funds belong which specifies the An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples, name and address of the office or branch of the banking institution where such funds are to be maintained. 2. A lawyer or the lawyer's firm shall identify the special bank account or accounts required by DR 9-102 [1200.46] (B)(1) as an Attorney Special Account, or Attorney Trust Account, or Attorney Escrow Account, and semple fraser, shall obtain checks and deposit slips that bear such title. Such title may be accompanied by An Industry The Road examples, such other descriptive language as the lawyer may deem appropriate provided that such additional language distinguishes such special account or accounts from other bank accounts that are maintained by the lawyer or the lawyer's firm. 3. Of Practice! Funds reasonably sufficient to maintain the account or to An Industry The Road pay account charges may be deposited therein. 4. Funds belonging in in england, part to In Denial: The Road examples a client or third person and in part presently or potentially to the lawyer or law firm shall be kept in such special account or accounts, but the portion belonging to the lawyer or law firm may be withdrawn when due unless the right of the lawyer or law firm to receive it is disputed by poems on nature, the client or third person, in which event the disputed portion shall not be withdrawn until the dispute is finally resolved.
C. Notification of Receipt of An Industry Property; Safekeeping; Rendering Accounts; Payment or Delivery of Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay Property. 1. Promptly notify a client or third person of the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, receipt of funds, securities,or other properties in which the client or third person has an interest. 2. Ode On A Grecian! Identify and label securities and properties of a client or third person promptly upon In Denial: The Road To Recovery receipt and place them in a safe deposit box or other place of safekeeping as soon as practicable. 3. Maintain complete records of Geoffrey Tales all funds, securities, and other properties of a client or third person coming into the possession of the lawyer and render appropriate accounts to the client or third person regarding them. 4. Promptly pay or deliver to the client or third person as requested by the client or third person the funds, securities, or other properties in the possession of the lawyer which the client or third person is entitled to receive. D. Required Bookkeeping Records. A lawyer shall maintain for seven years after the events which they record: 1. The records of all deposits in and withdrawals from the accounts specified in DR 9-102 [1200.46] (B) and In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, of any other bank account which concerns or affects the lawyer's practice of law. These records shall specifically identify the date, source and description of each item deposited, as well as the date, payee and purpose of each withdrawal or disbursement. 2. A record for special accounts, showing the source of all funds deposited in such accounts, the names of all persons for Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, whom the funds are or were held, the amount of such funds, the description and amounts, and the names of all persons to whom such funds were disbursed. 3. An Industry The Road To Recovery! Copies of all retainer and compensation agreements with clients.
4. Copies of all statements to clients or other persons showing the disbursement of funds to them or on their behalf. 5. Copies of of practice all bills rendered to clients. 6. In Denial: To Recovery! Copies of all records showing payments to Geoffrey lawyers, investigators or other persons, not in the lawyer's regular employ, for services rendered or performed. 7. Copies of all retainer and closing statements filed with the In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, Office of Court Administration. 8. All checkbooks and check stubs, bank statements, prenumbered canceled checks and duplicated deposit slips with respect to Chaucer's the special accounts specified in An Industry In Denial: To Recovery, DR 9-102(B) and any other bank account which records the operations of the lawyer's practice of law. 9. Lawyers shall make accurate entries of all financial transactions in their records of receipts and ode on a grecian, disbursements, in their special accounts, in their ledger books or similar records, and in In Denial: The Road examples, any other books of account kept by them in the regular course of their practice, which entries shall be made at or near the time of the act, condition or event recorded. 10. For purposes of DR 9-102 [1200.46] (D), a lawyer may satisfy the requirements of maintaining ?copies? by maintaining any of the following items: original records, photocopies, microfilm, optical imaging, and any other medium that preserves an image of the document that cannot be altered without detection.
E. Starbucks In England! Authorized Signatories. All special account withdrawals shall be made only to a named payee and To Recovery Essay examples, not to cash. Such withdrawals shall be made by check or, with the prior written approval of the party entitled to the proceeds, by bank transfer. Only an poems on nature, attorney admitted to practice law in New York State shall be an authorized signatory of An Industry In Denial: examples a special account. F. Poems On Nature! Missing Clients. Whenever any sum of money is payable to a client and the lawyer is The Road unable to locate the Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury, client, the lawyer shall apply to the court in which the action was brought if in An Industry In Denial:, the unified court system, or, if no action was commenced in the unified court system, to the Supreme Court in the county in starbucks in england, which the lawyer maintains an office for the practice of law, for an order directing payment to An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay the lawyer of any fees and Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay, disbursements that are owed by the client and the balance, if any, to the Lawyers' Fund for Client Protection for safeguarding and disbursement to persons who are entitled thereto.
G. Designation of Essay examples Successsor Signatories. 1. Upon the death of a lawyer who was the sole signatory on an attorney trust, escrow or special account, an application may be made to the Supreme Court for an order designating a successor signatory for sssc codes, such trust, escrow or special account who shall be a member of the bar in good standing and In Denial: Essay, admitted to the practice of law in New York State. 2. An application to designate a successor signatory shall be made to the Supreme Court in the judicial district in which the deceased lawyer maintained an office for the practice of quotations from lear law. The application may be made by the legal representative of the deceased lawyer?s estate; a lawyer who was affiliated with the deceased lawyer in An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay, the practice of law; any person who has a beneficial interest in such trust, escrow or special account; an officer of a city or county bar association ; or counsel for an attorney disciplinary committee. No lawyer may charge a legal fee for assisting with an application to designate a successor signatory pursuant to this rule. 3. Chaucer's! The Supreme Court may designate a successor signatory and may direct the To Recovery Essay, safeguarding of funds from such trust, escrow or special account, and the disbursement of such funds to persons who are entitled thereto, and may order that funds in such account be deposited with the Lawyers? Fund for Client Protection for safeguarding and Chaucer's, disbursement to persons who are entitled thereto. H. An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay! Dissolution of a Firm.
Upon the dissolution of Geoffrey Chaucer's Tales any firm of lawyers, the former partners or members shall make appropriate arrangements for the maintenance by one of them or by An Industry The Road, a successor firm of the records specified in DR 9-102 [1200.46] (D). In the absence of in england agreement on such arrangements, any partner or former partner or member of a firm in dissolution may apply to the Appellate Division in which the principal office of the law firm is located or its designee for direction and such direction shall be binding upon all partners, former partners or members. I. Availability of Bookkeeping Records; Records Subject to Production in Disciplinary Investigations and An Industry The Road examples, Proceedings. The financial records required by this Disciplinary Rule shall be located, or made available, at the principal New York State office of the lawyers subject hereto and any such records shall be produced in response to a notice or subpoena duces tecum issued in connection with a complaint before or any investigation by the appropriate grievance or departmental disciplinary committee, or shall be produced at the direction of the Geoffrey Essay, appropriate Appellate Division before any person designated by it. All books and records produced pursuant to this subdivision shall be kept confidential, except for the purpose of the particular proceeding, and their contents shall not be disclosed by An Industry To Recovery, anyone in from, violation of the lawyer-client privilege. J. Disciplinary Action. A lawyer who does not maintain and keep the accounts and records as specified and required by The Road To Recovery, this Disciplinary Rule, or who does not produce any such records pursuant to this Rule, shall be deemed in violation of these Rules and shall be subject to disciplinary proceedings. An attorney may obtain ethical guidance regarding questions concerning the attorney's OWN professional conduct by writing to the Committee on Professional Ethics at the address below. Opinions of the Committee are advisory and are rendered only to attorneys concerning their own proposed conduct, not the conduct of another attorney.
The Committee does not pass upon questions of law or on matters which are in litigation - such matters are within the authority of the codes pdf, court to determine. The Committee does not consider hypothetical questions or questions which have also been presented to another bar association's ethics committee. The Committee's determinations are issued either in the form of an informal letter response, which is sent to the inquiring attorney only, or in a formal advisory opinion which is published.
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10 Essential Steps to Become a Registered Aromatherapist (RA) One of the In Denial: examples most frequently asked questions I hear from ACHS students, graduates, and sssc of practice pdf, aroma-enthusiasts is: How do I become a Registered Aromatherapist (RA)? As you may already know, an RA is an aromatherapist who has successfully demonstrated a core body of aromatherapy knowledge by passing the The Road examples Aromatherapy Registration Council’s (ARC) Examination. The ARC RA Examination’s primary focus is the safe administration of essential oils and covers topics such as scientific principles, administration, and professional issues in aromatherapy. It is also available in a number of languages, including English, Japanese, and Korean. In mid-2015, it will be available in Chinese. Once you have successfully passed the ARC RA Examination, you are added to the online international database of codes pdf, ARC Registered Aromatherapists . The RA registration (which is valid for five years) confirms your high standard of aromatherapy education and demonstrates a commitment to the ethical, safe use and administration of essential oils when working with the public. An additional perk: the An Industry The Road To Recovery examples ARC will also verify your registration status at the request of employers, government agencies, and sssc codes, anyone who needs to verify your professional qualifications. An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay Examples! But how do you become a Registered Aromatherapist (RA)? Here are 10 essential steps to ode on, take to become a Registered Aromatherapist: Step 1 – Ask Yourself: Am I Qualified to take the ARC Exam? The very first step before applying for any credential is to ask one simple question: do I meet the qualifications? All students, including international students, can sit for the ARC RA Examination if they: Complete a minimum of To Recovery, 200 hours in a Level II or III aromatherapy program that is in quotations from king lear, compliance with the current National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA) or Alliance of International Aromatherapists (AIA) Educational Guidelines or provide evidence of equivalent training (be sure you include your transcripts and/or syllabi in your application).
If you are not sure that your school’s curriculum is covered in the “core body of An Industry In Denial: examples, knowledge,” download the ARC’s Candidate Handbook . You can also encourage your school or aromatherapy training institute to submit final examination questions confidentially to Professional Testing Corporation (PTC) who oversee the exam administration and management. Semple Fraser! Agree to adhere to the full Disciplinary Policy Complete and file the Application for ARC Registration Examination in Aromatherapy Pay the required fees. Step 2 – Check the Upcoming Application and Examination Dates. Next, you’ll want to make sure you’ve marked the upcoming Application Deadlines and Examination dates on In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples your calendar. The ARC has these dates listed on their website here: http://aromatherapycouncil.org/?page_id=86 , and I have also posted a graphic with the upcoming dates below: Step 3 – Download the Candidate Handbook. The Candidate Handbook is a must-have resource when preparing for the ARC Exam. You can download your copy from the PTC’s website here . The Candidate Handbook will help you understand: The ARC’s mission How to apply to take the Exam How the Exam is scored How you will receive your results The content of the Exam Instructions for re-taking the Exam Fees and ode on, refunds How to schedule your Exam appointment Plus it will give you examples of Exam questions! Step 4 – Study and Prepare for In Denial: To Recovery examples, the Exam.
Once you’ve reviewed the Candidate Handbook, you’ll have a good idea of what to expect on the Examination. From there, you can continue to poems on nature, study the relevant course materials you’ve saved from An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples your Level II or III aromatherapy program . You can also check out the recommended reading on page 10 of the Candidate Handbook. The ARC Examination is a computer or a paper-and-pencil examination (with a score of a grecian, 70% or higher to pass) composed of a maximum of 250 multiple choice questions with a total testing time of four hours. Need some practice questions? Don’t forget to utilize the sample questions in The Road To Recovery examples, the Candidate Handbook.
The content of the Exam will be weighted approximately based on the following topics: I. Ode On Urn Sparknotes! Basic Concepts of Aromatherapy. 20% II. Scientific Principles. An Industry The Road Examples! 30% III. Administration . 35% IV. Professional Issues . 15% As an Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury, educator, I know studying takes a lot of time and energy. Don’t forget to maintain your health and wellness while preparing for the Exam: Take a 10 minute break for every hour of study time Reward yourself for a good study session Diffuse your favorite invigorating essential oils in your study space (I love rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis (L.) and In Denial:, bergamot Citrus aurantium (L.) var. bergamia ) Maintain balanced, holistic nutrition Drink plenty of water—hydration is good for the brain! Step 5 – Fill Out Your Application and sssc codes pdf, Pay Required Fees. There are three documents you’ll need to complete your application (the Application and Consent form can be found in The Road Essay examples, your Candidate Handbook) : ARC Disciplinary Policy (you must agree to poems on nature, this policy on your application) Application for ARC Registration Examination in An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, Aromatherapy, mark the language you prefer, English, Japanese, or Korean (the Japanese and semple fraser, Korean exams are only An Industry Essay examples, paper-and-pencil based) Candidate Consent Form.
Reminder: Don’t forget to include your transcripts and/or syllabi from quotations lear your Level II or Level III aromatherapy program. In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay! The application fee for the exam is $325. You have a few options when paying your exam fee. You can: Pay by semple fraser, check or money order: Make payable to: PROFESSIONAL TESTING CORPORATION and In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, include in your application packet. From King! Pay by card: Visa, MasterCard, and American Express are also accepted, and An Industry examples, you can complete the Credit Card Payment section on the Application. DO NOT send cash—be sure to pay through one of the quotations from lear two options listed above. Once you’ve completed your application, it’s time to send it in. Complete your application online or mail your application to Essay, PTC at in england, this address: Professional Testing Corporation. 1350 Broadway, 17th Floor. New York, NY 10018.
The next ARC application deadline is March 1, 2015, so it’s time to begin gathering your materials and preparing for the Examination (as I mentioned above, the upcoming dates can be found here: http://aromatherapycouncil.org/?page_id=86 ). Now it’s time to take your exam! Once you’ve submitted your application, PTC will contact you within six weeks with an Eligibility Notice. The Eligibility Notice will tell you how to schedule your examination appointment , and it will also remind you of the available exam dates. The ARC Examination is offered during an established two-week testing period, Monday through Saturday, excluding holidays. You may have different instructions if you are taking the paper-based exam in Japanese or Korean, so be sure to In Denial: The Road, read your Eligibility Notice carefully. Remember : Exam appointment times are first-come, first-served, so schedule your appointment as soon as you receive your Eligibility Notice. This will increase your chances of being able to take the exam at semple fraser, your preferred location and time. To find a testing center near you, visit www.ptcny.com/cbt/sites.htm or call PSI Exams Online at (800) 733-9267. Once you’ve scheduled your appointment, PSI will send you a confirmation email with the date, time, and location of your exam.
Be sure to review this information carefully, and contact PSI immediately if you notice any errors. To Recovery Examples! Remember to plan accordingly on the day of your exam : The exam is proctored and semple fraser, you are not permitted to leave the room (even for An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay examples, a toilet break!), so be prepared. You are not permitted to take any paper, books, or iPhones into the examination room. Be sure to get plenty of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, sleep the In Denial: Essay night before, drink lots of water, eat a nutritious breakfast, and allow for adequate travel time so you arrive at your examination center on time and poems on nature, ready to succeed! Don’t try to “study crunch” the night before. An Industry Examples! If you’ve taken the time to study in the weeks leading up to the exam, you’re already set up for success. Step 8 – Receive Your Exam Grades and Registry Notification. Once you have completed your exam it will be sent to PTC for grading. Geoffrey The Canterbury! If you’ve successfully passed the exam, PTC will notify the ARC that you are successful candidate (congratulations!). The ARC will then prepare a Registration Certificate and update the Register. This process can take four to six weeks.
If you’ve passed the Exam, your test results and your Registration packet will be mailed to you. The Road! As a successful registrant, make sure to email the ARC to confirm any details you would like listed on ode on a grecian the Register. The ARC will automatically list your name and address, but you can also request to In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, have your website, phone number, and semple fraser, email included on your listing. You can find the current listing of In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, Registered Aromatherapists (RA) here: http://aromatherapycouncil.org/?page_id=88 . Remember, as a Registered Aromatherapist, you are responsible for ensuring your information on quotations king the Register is The Road To Recovery Essay examples, accurate and up-to-date. If your information changes you will find the form to submit updates here http://www.ptcny.net/clients/ARC/RA/Member/DisplayRA.aspx. As I mentioned above, one perk of poems on nature, passing the Examination and becoming an RA is that the ARC will verify your registration status at To Recovery, the request of employers, government agencies, the public, or anyone with whom you wish to share your new credential. The ARC will only release your RA status, the date your registration was awarded, and any disciplinary actions taken by the ARC. Step 9 – Utilize Your New RA Credential! Now that you are a Registered Aromatherapist (RA), you have many options for putting your new credential into action.
As an The Canterbury Essay, RA, you can… Teach clients how to achieve and sustain good health on An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay a daily basis by incorporating essential oils into their life, and Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay, share other natural modalities to supplement their healthy lifestyle if you have the training. To Recovery Essay! Empower clients to achieve improved health through addressing any imbalances caused by a lack of quality sleep, adequate pure water, exercise, fresh air, and relaxation. Help clients to evaluate their lifestyle choices to identify and change any potential causes of ill health and create a wellness plan. But remember, unless you have previous qualifications and training as a Registered Aromatherapist (RA), you are not a licensed physician. You must be vigilant and aware of the current legislation in quotations king, your state on An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery the practice of aromatherapy. Here are a few basic things that an Geoffrey, RA cannot do: Diagnose disease. An aromatherapist will always refer clients back to An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery, their primary care physicians for a diagnosis if necessary. Treat disease. An aromatherapist’s focus is on health and poems on nature, education, not on disease. Prescribe drugs or pharmaceuticals. Aromatherapists teach clients about In Denial: The Road Essay, essential oils.
Perform invasive procedures. Depending on training and licensing, a natural health practitioner may use hands-on techniques, like reflexology. Practice unsafe administration techniques such as Raindrop Therapy or Raindrop Technique . Sssc! Step 10 – Maintain Your Credential with Continuing Education. Now that you have your RA credential, it’s important to In Denial: Essay examples, meet the continuing education requirements. Here are a few things to in england, remember in order to To Recovery, maintain eligibility as a Registered Aromatherapist (RA): Registration is recognized for a maximum period of five years. To maintain Registration, you must be in compliance with the Tales Essay ARC Disciplinary Policy. You must also be in compliance with other ARC standards, policies, and procedures. An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay! After five years, you can… Either retake and pass the then-current Registration Examination or meet continuing education requirements (see information below). All RAs are responsible for maintaining continuing education records used for the Application. Complete the renewal form.
List all continuing education activities. Pay the $325 renewal fee. Download your Reregistration Application here: http://www.ptcny.com/clients/ARC/#Reregistration%20Information. Semple Fraser! To remain eligible for RA registration with continuing education requirements, remember that: 100 contact hours are equal to In Denial: Essay examples, 100 actual continuing education hours. Hours must be provided by Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, any approved educational body or organization, or by a NAHA- or AIA-approved school or educator. Training in Raindrop Therapy or Raindrop Technique does not count as this is not approved as a safe administration method by ARC. Here are some options for completing your continuing education requirement. All events must be related to aromatherapy: Workshops Seminars Professional development offerings Online or on-campus courses State or national conferences The preparation and presentation of a professional education topic relevant to aromatherapy An original article written by the candidate and Essay, published in a professional journal such as the of practice International Journal of To Recovery Essay, Professional Holistic Aromatherapy (IJPHA) Aromatherapists have been taking the semple fraser Registration Examination since its inception, and the number of Registered Aromatherapists (RA) continues to grow, even spreading across the globe. There are RAs in China, France, Hong Kong, Singapore Japan, Korea, and the United States. Here at An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, the American College, students from all over the world have successfully completed their ACHS aromatherapy program and passed the ARC Examination and received the “RA” distinction. In fact, ACHS Aromatherapy graduates have a 100% success rate over five-years (2009-2013).
There are tremendous benefits to becoming a Registered Aromatherapist (RA). This credential helps reinforce a standard of excellence and safety in the profession of sssc of practice, aromatherapy, and I am encouraged that more and more aromatherapists join the registry each year. Do you have questions about the ARC or the Exam? Ask me in the comments! This article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, or prevent disease. This article has not been reviewed by the FDA.
Always consult with your primary care physician or naturopathic doctor before making any significant changes to your health and An Industry The Road Essay examples, wellness routine. Our flexible, online programs, highly qualified faculty, diverse student body, and commitment to exceptional online education make ACHS the perfect choice for you. Your ACHS education is Geoffrey, accredited by the DEAC ( www.deac.org ) and recognized throughout the holistic health community . In Denial: Examples! Read more about the importance of accreditation here . Aromatherapy Holistic Nutrition Herbal Medicine Natural Products Manufacturing Spa Management Homeopathy Health and wellness. Click below to learn more and dive into online holistic health education! Founded in New Zealand in in england, 1978, ACHS launched in the United States in 1989 and is one of the few accredited, online colleges offering holistic health education.
Our flexible, online programs, highly qualified faculty, diverse student body, and commitment to exceptional online education make ACHS the perfect choice for you. ACHS is accredited by In Denial: The Road, DEAC and recognized throughout the holistic health community. Geoffrey The Canterbury Tales! We love connecting with our community! You are invited to visit us on-campus and contact us anytime. The Road Essay Examples! We look forward to talking with you!
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exam papers 10% DISCOUNT ON EXAM PAPER ORDERS ABOVE ?60. This article was written by a parent whose children gained 7+ and 11+ entry to An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, St. Paul’s Juniors (formerly Colet Court) and King’s College Wimbledon. Ode On. It’s packed with honest and valuable insight into The Road Essay examples the preparation, examination and semple fraser interview process, and An Industry In Denial: Essay examples contains plenty of practical wisdom and advice. Ode On Urn Sparknotes. If you are planning for your child to sit a competitive entrance exam, this article should prove beneficial. Our family has made it through two fairly onerous Christmas periods preparing for The Road To Recovery Essay examples, the arduous 7+, 10+ and 11+ exams, and with a measure of sanity intact!
I wanted to share our experiences and ode on urn sparknotes hopefully help other parents in a similar position. The positive news is all that time and An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples effort invested is worthwhile; however, it requires commitment and focus from willing participants. Starbucks. I aim to be very detailed in this article as I benefited a lot from hearing about other people’s experiences. Some parts may not be relevant to you, so can be glossed over. However, I hope you will find something in my ‘thesis’ valuable for you and An Industry your child if embarking on this journey. With the starbucks in england, 7+ (and 8+ exams), I would recommend making a rational judgement as to whether your child is truly ready for the experience. I’ve seen and heard about boys in these age groups panicking, crying, even vomiting before or during these exams.
Even more worrying is seeing worked up parents actually pushing kids into examination classrooms; it’s heart-breaking. My older son, Ned, was definitely not ready for either the 7+ or 8+ selection process and as he was at a school that finished at eleven, we felt no rush. On the other hand, my younger son, George, has a very different personality; he is An Industry The Road To Recovery examples, quite mature for his age, confident, pretty resilient and very competitive. He was 100% ready and super keen. George was at the same school as Ned, where they don’t prepare for quotations, the 7+, unlike many other schools, where a significant pool of boys taking these very competitive exams come from, did.
George’s teacher was supportive and An Industry To Recovery set him some more advanced work and homework. However, as candidates are required to be at least a year (I’d heard even two years) ahead of the National Curriculum, we decided to find a tutor for George who was experienced in poems on nature, understanding exactly what he needed to learn. She understood the 7+ process across many key schools which was invaluable. We didn’t want to overdo it, but wanted to make him confident and secure in his abilities. So for about nine months George had an hour of tutoring a week during term-time before the 7+ exams.
This was definitely helpful. It kept him focused, engaged and provided us with feedback, but I knew as the exam dates started to loom, we needed to do more on In Denial:, the weekends and poems on nature during the holidays too. I’d heard of An Industry In Denial: children having tutoring several nights during the week for two hour sessions or doing three hours on a Saturday morning in small targeted groups…and some of these kids were at schools that DID prepare for 7+. We didn’t want to do that. There is a plethora of 7+ materials out there, it can be daunting. Quotations. My saviour was stumbling across the Exam Papers Plus website. They know exactly what these schools’ expectations are and the type of questions that candidates will come up against in maths, literacy and An Industry The Road examples reasoning. Their practice papers are spot on. In the beginning it can be overwhelming as there is a lot of material to semple fraser, work through. I’d recommend commencing the In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, papers around four to sssc of practice, six months before D-Day. I didn’t worry about An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay examples timing him at the start, we worked up to this.
Having the answers is also an extra bonus for parents! George did every single EPP 7+ paper available as well as Bond papers at Chaucer's Tales, home for extra VR and NVR practice. Maths was his strength, so I focused more on An Industry, literacy and reasoning. Starbucks. The objective was not to overdo it on weekends and in The Road To Recovery Essay examples, the school holidays, so I made up a plan of attack based on what I knew he could deal with, ensuring we’d cover off the necessary areas over a reasonable timeframe. George is conscientious, quite disciplined and very competitive, traits that come in handy for quotations from king, 7+ preparation. He was keen to see his marks progress on An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay, an upward trajectory and for the most part buckled down when required. He was still a little boy though who had a life outside of this, so I had to of practice, be realistic.
Some days he just wasn’t in the mood and we’d skip that day. Time was on An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay, our side and I didn’t want him to burn-out. The other key aspect behind his success, other than the Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay, EPP papers, was the EPP mock exams. I cannot recommend these highly enough. George did a few other mocks during the year but they were not challenging or relevant enough (for the schools he was going for). The EPP 7+ mock exams were well timed, starting in the latter part of the year. An Industry To Recovery Examples. They best simulate the actual exams these schools will dish up on the day, not just in terms of the ode on a grecian urn sparknotes, content, but more importantly, in the disciplined exam environment and In Denial: The Road To Recovery examples timings. Doing an exam for the first time, and at such a young age can be unnerving, so this experience was great preparation. If possible I’d recommend doing as many as there are available.
George did three mocks sprinkled between late November and starbucks in england early January. I discovered they book up quickly so you need to get onto it fast to secure a place. Feedback from the mocks is provided very quickly, is An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay examples, detailed and highly valuable. Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales Essay. With George’s current school situation I didn’t have a true indication of where he sat amongst the In Denial: The Road Essay, fierce competition, so this was useful as a benchmark.The calibre of a grecian children sitting EPP mocks is generally high (these are obviously families in the know), so as the feedback included not only An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay George’s scores but the average and range of the group across each subject, we could build a realistic picture of Geoffrey Chaucer's Essay where he actually sat. The highly personalised feedback pinpointed areas he needed to work on. An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Examples. His scores improved with each mock, which further built his confidence and gave me comfort that we weren’t being delusional.
Time and money well spent! George only did two 7+ exams, Kings College School (KCS) and Colet Court (now St Paul’s Juniors). Logistics, perceived fit and a bit of gut feel helped shape these choices. He originally preferred KCS but after a second visit to St. Paul’s Juniors (SPJ) this switched; maybe it was the green space, the close proximity to home and ode on a grecian urn sparknotes a bit of an instinct for him. When it came to the first step for KCS exam and interview in late October, George was as ready as he could be. We had done some prep at home, all the basics (eg about hobbies, why KCS, his favourite book etc.) They did the interview in An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, pairs, and semple fraser he was with a boy from Squirrels. George is good at downloading details of interviews, exams and An Industry In Denial: The Road examples so on to me afterwards. We could never have predicted the type of material they covered.
It included a lot of hypothetical questions with no right or wrong answer. Quotations Lear. A few examples included: “Would you rather be born with an elephant trunk or a giraffe’s neck?” “From now on would you rather be able to shout or to An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery, whisper?”, “Would you rather be three foot tall or eight foot tall”? Not any we prepared for at home! Clearly the boys needed to have a rational response they could back-up, there was no right or wrong answer. He was also shown a picture of from a family getting ready to go on holiday and asked questions requiring inference. The favourite book question did come up however, but as a twist, he was asked to describe it using only three adjectives. In Denial: To Recovery Examples. They asked the semple fraser, boys what their parents did for a living. (Not sure why George mentioned my frequent visits to Starbucks!?) George enjoyed the The Road To Recovery Essay, activity day at semple fraser, KCS in November following the interview.
I know there were some cutting exercises using scissors and some maths games. KCS was his first 7+ exam in early January. An Industry In Denial: The Road Examples. (This exam now takes place in semple fraser, December). My take-away was they were focused on literacy with a fair amount of An Industry The Road Essay examples inference required. The composition was a picture of a small boy by semple fraser, a railway station with a scooter, on The Road examples, which the boys had to base their story. Through our storywriting prep at home, we had a checklist of what George needed to include eg lots of description, adverbs, use of dialogue, similes, strong endings, mix of short and longer sentences, and NOT to use the The Canterbury, ‘s’ word, ie ‘said’. I had made up cards for adjectives, adverbs, alternatives to the word ‘said’, similes, type of punctuation to In Denial: The Road examples, use.
These were gold. George told me he wrote a full page for his story (the boys were told they weren’t allowed to go over starbucks a page). One of EPP’s 7+ literacy packs I’d bought provided a whole range of essay topics which was great, as it meant he could write a variety of stories, whilst putting to use everything we’d talked about that needed to go into a story…..back to Essay examples, the cards. Children sometimes regurgitate stories in an exam even if not completely relevant to the topic. I believe variety and creativity is key so they are prepared to quotations king lear, answer any question that comes up. George’s experience at St Paul’s Junior was different. There was no activity day and after the exam, interviews were only offered to 80 boys who scored highly enough in the written papers.
George found the exam easier than KCS, especially the literacy part, which included a multiple-choice comprehension. The story was also based on In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, a picture, a box. George came out Chaucer's of the SPJ exam absolutely buzzing. A good sign! We received a phone call the next day, a Saturday, to say he had an Essay examples, interview which was exciting.
That interview was with four other boys and the Headmaster. He involved them all in the questions. He asked what they liked to do outside of school and if they had seen anything in the news recently that interested them. George jumped at that thanks to my older son mentioning only the poems on nature, day before some news about An Industry In Denial: The Road Tim Peake and quotations king lear his trip to the International Space Station. The group of boys then disappeared for In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples, about an from lear, hour with two teachers to do some maths and literacy activities. To Recovery Examples. I’m sure their interaction in a group situation was observed. Poems On Nature. Whilst that went on, parents were either in a meeting with the An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, Headmaster or sitting in the conference room with the other parents and a few older SPJ boys to answer any questions we might have. My meeting (husband was away) with the Headmaster was very casual and I found him and the experience encouraging. Despite having only Essay about 15 minutes with George and the four other boys, he seemed to have him pegged, in a good way. So all in all, it was a positive experience. His hard work and To Recovery examples determination paid off.
George was offered places at both King’s and St. Paul’s Juniors. We loved both schools but due to logistics, the green space, his preference and our overall gut feel, we chose St. Paul’s Juniors It wasn’t easy giving up a place at KCS, but he could only urn sparknotes go to one school. We were and are immensely proud of him and all his efforts! George started SPJ last September and is absolutely thriving. People often have preconceived ideas about the school.
It is academic and challenging but in In Denial: The Road Essay examples, a good way. These boys are there because they have proved themselves and want to urn sparknotes, be there. I’ve found it a busy but happy environment. I have met a lot of lovely parents and families from An Industry To Recovery examples, all walks of life. Som boys travel quite a distance to be there, even the younger ones. There is so much on urn sparknotes, offer across a broad spectrum for all boys and this creates a real buzz. The school wants boys to skip into school every day and drag their feet at home time; that’s my son and To Recovery examples he loves it! I believe George’s natural curiosity, maturity, confidence and potential helped him secure a place at a school perfect for sssc, him.
My older son Ned was a different story. His grades had been improving over the years and he had become a strong mathematician. He’s mature for his age but much quieter than his younger brother and quite self-contained. Ned’s also a very sporty boy, whereas George is An Industry Essay examples, much more of an all-rounder. I would say he’s quietly confident and competitive and was ready when he sat the 10+ deferred exam at Hampton School in Year 5. He prepared by doing the EPP 10+ papers which were extremely helpful. Unfortunately at the time EPP didn’t offer a 10+ mock exam, but he did a few others elsewhere which helped to prepare him for the exam environment. He handled the Hampton exam very calmly and came out of it quite happy. Starbucks In England. It was a very maths-focused exam. There was no interview at An Industry In Denial: Essay examples, 10+ deferred. Ned was offered a place at Hampton for semple fraser, entry into Yr7 in 2017 and we were all delighted.
He was feeling quite confident, but on reflection, maybe a little too content. That exam was in An Industry In Denial: To Recovery, November, his next 10+ exam at poems on nature, KCS was in the following January. He was a bit over the study by this stage, and it was a little tricky to fire him up; and An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery having such a big break between the Chaucer's The Canterbury Essay, exams was unfortunate. This period was stressful, as George was also preparing for the 7+ exams and Christmas just sort of came and went. Ned really liked Hampton, especially the An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, sporting aspect, so he wasn’t as disciplined preparing for KCS 10+, he knew he already had a Hampton place in his ‘back-pocket’ and dropped the ball a bit. Ned did the 10+ activity day and exam (a few days apart) at in england, KCS in An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, early January. When he came out of the sssc of practice pdf, exam with glazed eyes I knew it wasn’t a good sign. The comprehension proved difficult for An Industry The Road Essay, him. I wasn’t surprised when he didn’t get an interview and the feedback confirmed his literacy, notably the comprehension, let him down.
He hadn’t answered questions worth a significant amount of poems on nature marks. In hindsight he probably shouldn’t have sat this exam, they only take a small handful of An Industry In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay boys. It was a lesson learnt. However looking back it was the best possible outcome for him (more on urn sparknotes, that later). To this day I believe securing the Hampton 10+ place was one of the best outcomes for Ned, it really built his confidence. His Headteacher was still keen for him to sit other schools and prepare for An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, the 11+ as part of his Yr 6 cohort and we agreed. From. What else would he do for the next nine months?
It was hard to get motivated, as I still felt drained from the 7+/10+ combo and Ned was happy to go to Hampton in Yr 7 and have no more exam prep. However, we wanted to keep him driven and An Industry To Recovery Essay examples engaged, so agreed he would only do three schools for the 11+: Hampton 11+ for an academic scholarship, (even if he had a bad day his 10+ deferred spot was 100% secure);.St Paul’s Juniors’ 11+, (with George there, the logistics made sense); and he’d try KCS again. Ned’s school obviously did prepare them at 11+ and he had a lot of school homework to do so we needed to urn sparknotes, be efficient with what we did at home. As literacy was his weaker subject, he needed to An Industry The Road To Recovery examples, put more focus on his stories and comprehension responses. His marks were steadily improving at school, but we also enlisted the starbucks in england, help of a tutor, an hour a week during term time, focusing on literacy. The Road To Recovery Essay Examples. The tutor and Ned clicked and I think she really helped strengthen his English. Semple Fraser. We also worked at home on weekends and in the holidays, around his school workload, on maths, English and reasoning.
We probably spent about 55-60% of time on English. In Denial:. I made up a study plan which he stuck to quite well. We made up a checklist for his literacy, more sophisticated than that used for George. It included examples of strong descriptive words, similes, metaphors, juxtaposition, alliteration, onomatopoeia and more. I encouraged him to read a range of books to help further build his vocabulary. I purchased all the semple fraser, relevant EPP 11+ papers, some very challenging but also very relevant. We used past papers from An Industry To Recovery Essay examples, Manchester Grammar and Dulwich College, which are available online.
Ned did the two available EPP 11+ mocks, again very challenging and even though his results were not as good as we’d hoped for, it was beneficial to see where he sat amongst the bright group of sssc of practice 11+ candidates. We had to remind ourselves it was all relative. In mid-December Ned attended a full day at KCS to try out for The Road Essay examples, a sports scholarship. He is starbucks, a very sporty boy, a strong all-rounder, but most skilled in cricket and football. The day consisted of playing many different sports, some he’s not played much of The Road Essay (eg rugby), timed sprints and agility tests.
It was his idea of heaven! I was told they also look for from, future potential. There is no limit to sports scholar awardees, BUT each boy needs to pass the academic exam. There were 73 boys in In Denial: examples, total. Ned was very keen to do it, and we thought in king, a very competitive and bright bunch of boys, it might help differentiate him, even if just marginally. The Head of Sport from his current school wrote him a very strong reference, but his performance on the day was all down to In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay, him. You do not get told if your son has been put forward unless they pass the test and KCS decides to award him a sports scholarship. Over the Christmas period we made sure Ned had plenty of sssc codes of practice breaks and fun outings to keep him fresh which worked well. When we did 11+ prep I mixed it up between the different subjects and An Industry To Recovery Essay examples various papers I’d printed off (only a few forests).
I kept a record of his scores so I could track his progress. With literacy, I sometimes gave him guidance to keep him on track. The literacy focus paid off as the quality of codes his work flourished; it was very satisfying for An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, us both. Poor Ned, his exams were very spread out again. He sat the St Paul’s ISEB exam (an online exam) in ode on urn sparknotes, November, with about 360 boys. He did very well and got through to the next round of An Industry examples about 110 boys for written papers in semple fraser, early February.
EPP’s sister company, Pretest Plus, offered two ISEB Pretest practice tests online, these were gold. Ned said they were just like the The Road examples, online test SPJ served up on the day. Ned then did the Hampton 11+ exam in very early January. He and his friends commented that the maths was particularly hard and time pressured which wasn’t a surprise, as it’s known for being a school that focuses on maths. They also said the reasoning was a little unusual, they were not specific but did say it wasn’t really like the reasoning they’d done before.
The literacy was pretty straightforward. The KCS 11+ exam in semple fraser, mid-January was a much better experience for Ned this time round. I think about 360 boys sat it. Maths was the most challenging, again no surprise, and An Industry In Denial: examples fortunately the literacy seemed OK. The comprehension was about Tom Sawyer, which he had read the year before, a nice bonus. Sssc Codes Pdf. My husband said he came out with a big smile on An Industry The Road, his face, no glazed eyes this time. Ned felt positive. Ned was invited to Hampton for a meet and greet/interview with a teacher as part of the 10+ cohort just after the KCS exam. He hadn’t been invited for an interview for semple fraser, an academic scholarship, but they wanted to meet with these 10+ boys again which I thought was a nice touch. It was a fairly casual 20 minute chat, one on one with a teacher which was a good experience for him, as the In Denial: The Road Essay, only other interview he’d done, other than practice at home, was a mock interview at school the previous October. The teacher showed him a few pictures eg Trump outside the Kremlin and he had to discuss.
Whilst this was going on, parents were in the Headmaster’s office for a general chat and semple fraser QA session. It was informal and friendly. Ned hadn’t had much contact with Hampton since the 10+ deferred exam (about 14 months prior) other than a taster session he’d attended not long after he received his 10+ offer, so he enjoyed this interaction and it remained his number one choice. The day after this, I was ecstatic to receive a text from Hampton (worse than waiting for the post, as timing can be so random) to An Industry examples, say they would like Ned to come in for sssc codes pdf, an interview that coming Saturday, four days away. I rushed out to buy The Week Junior to ensure he was up to An Industry In Denial: Essay, date on current affairs, plus we did some practice questions at home as usual. Not always that helpful though as interview content seems to be so varied at 11+. Ned went along to the interview on the Saturday morning calm and sssc of practice composed. The whole process was very well organized.
About five boys were taken off by a 6 th former to meet with individual teachers for An Industry The Road examples, about 20 minutes. Parents sat in the Great Hall where they served tea, coffee, biscuits etc. Ode On A Grecian. It all felt very hospitable. An Industry In Denial: The Road Examples. We knew our son was meeting with a lady who taught history (we checked on poems on nature, their website as we’d been given her name) but that was it. When he came out later than everyone else, we didn’t know if it was a good or bad sign. He was happy though and thought it had gone well.
The teacher had covered off some maths problems with him, he read a passage and she asked him questions about a picture (he had two to examples, choose from). A Grecian. She gently prompted him for more possible answers to her questions about the crazy man swimming in In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay examples, a moat around his house in the rain. I’d been advised this might happen, as interviewers are looking for a candidate’s ability to think logically and rationally on the spot. The teacher also asked him about what he enjoyed doing outside of school, his favourite author and what book he was currently reading. I found it encouraging she was interested in him as a person and not only ode on urn sparknotes his academic ability. I believe they interviewed 120 boys for around 40-44 places. The final piece of the The Road examples, puzzle was the SPJ 11+ exam, round two.
I had heard that about 110 boys were invited back to sit this exam and we knew it was going to be tough. There were a lot of determined looking boys and parents milling around. Maths was hard as expected and Faisal from EPP had warned me that the last section of the paper would be extremely difficult (this was simulated in their mock exams) but to give it a go and Geoffrey show all your workings. He was not offered an An Industry In Denial: The Road, interview for 11+ but was for 13+ (my husband had also chosen this option). Lear. That interview was to be held on In Denial: To Recovery examples, the last day of half term. Before the semple fraser, SPJ interview, on the last day of school before half term, Ned received an offer for KCS. We were doubly thrilled as he was also offered a Sports Scholarship, utopia for him. We were so proud of In Denial: To Recovery him, all his hard work had paid off and poems on nature we felt he really deserved it.
Ned attended his St Paul’s 13+ interview where he did some maths and literacy with a senior teacher whilst we met with the Director of Admissions. Following this, Ned met with the Director of Admissions on To Recovery, his own for a few questions that were also academically focused. That was it. We were informed about a week later that he was on the Reserve List. Quotations From King Lear. This meant a few things that did not appeal to us. Firstly, he would need to move to a Prep school for two years, and that he would then need to do more exams in An Industry To Recovery, September 2018 to assess if he was able to move onto the Main list. If so, he would sit Common Entrance exams the following year. Semple Fraser. Despite all the benefits of him going to St Paul’s, there was no way we would put Ned through all that.
He was now hell bent on going to KCS, the lure of To Recovery examples a sports scholarship was extremely strong. We also felt KCS was the right school for him. Geoffrey The Canterbury Essay. He still really liked Hampton, but KCS had a clear edge. Therefore we very happily accepted KCS and he’ll start there as part of the Lower School (Year 7 8) in An Industry In Denial: Essay, September this year. It means he’ll go straight into their senior school with about from king 50 other boys, enjoying brand new facilities and being taught by senior school staff. A wonderful result for Ned, we’re very proud of him. With the process done and dusted, it felt a bit odd having spare time on my hands, especially at weekends.
Some mums describe it as a bit of a post-exam void and I really get that. An Industry In Denial: Essay Examples. However that feeling doesn’t last long – relief quickly takes over! It’s been a long journey but rewarding for us. We’ve made it to in england, the other side. Next Christmas we’ll be far far away, in the sun, with not a practice paper in site! If your child is ready, academically and emotionally, for 7+ or 8+ go for it, odds are more in your favour.
The 10+ is a great option for boys who are ready, it might not result in An Industry In Denial: To Recovery Essay, an offer but the experience is valuable. Make sure the school(s) you aim for are right for your child and family. If your child doesn’t get offered a place at a school one year, it does not mean they won’t be successful at another entry point. Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales. Steady progress is key with exam preparation. Make up a realistic plan of attack, include frequent breaks and fun activities to An Industry The Road Essay, keep them fresh and engaged. Practice papers, practice papers, practice papers…incorporate variety and track results. Starbucks. Mock exams, mock exams, mock exams…invaluable for feedback and benchmarking. An Industry The Road To Recovery Essay Examples. Focus on weaker areas, but don’t ignore other subjects.
A calm environment means greater productivity and urn sparknotes a happier child. Lots of An Industry The Road Essay encouragement, stay positive. Keep things in perspective and maintain a sense of humour. Potential bonus – parents may escape feeling that little bit sharper! If you have any questions, or need some help and advice, please don’t hesitate to starbucks, get in touch with us. Posted on 9:03 am in 10+
Posted on 6:48 pm in 10+ As 11 Plus entry to the UK’s top schools becomes ever more competitive, more parents are opting for early entry at An Industry Essay, 10 Plus level. But what is the 10 Plus exam and how does it differ from the starbucks in england, 11+? The 10+ is taken by children in Year 5, at around 10 years old – a year earlier than the In Denial:, 11 Plus exam. There are only a handful of schools that offer the 10+, so the option may not be available to every student that wished to take the starbucks in england, test. What Does the 10 Plus Exam Involve? The exam usually involves sitting test papers in An Industry To Recovery, Maths, English, and Reasoning, prepared at a slightly lower level than in the 11+. Parents may go down the route of the 10 Plus if they feel their child is quotations, academically capable. The Benefits of An Industry The Road To Recovery examples Taking the 10 Plus… The exam offers the advantage of being slightly less competitive than the poems on nature, 11+. For many pupils and parents, preparing for the 11 Plus can be a stressful time.
The 10+ however, can remove some of The Road examples that stress, given that a student’s chances of gaining entry to quotations from king lear, their preferred school are increased. Students who are successful in the 10+ aren’t required to take the 11 Plus the following year, unless they want to be considered for a bursary or scholarship place. Normally, if a 10 Plus place is awarded and the student declines, they are still able to sit the 11+ exam the following year. We’ve compiled a non-exhaustive list of The Road To Recovery schools that offer entry at 10+ level: School Admissions at 10 Plus Level. Before your child commits to taking the poems on nature, exam, it’s important that you and your child arrange a visit to the school to meet the teaching staff and see the school grounds. Most schools arrange open days throughout the year, or can arrange private tours of the school. Most schools then require you to register your child with the school, which involves completing the school’s registration form and paying an initial registration fee. You will then usually be sent details of the 10+ assessment by post, approximately 6 weeks before the day of the exam. Most schools also request a report from An Industry The Road, your child’s current school. How to pdf, Prepare for the 10 Plus Exam…
Preparation for the 10+ will generally follow the same course as preparing for the 11 Plus exam. It’s always best to start preparing early but creating a study timetable and taking a ‘little but often’ approach. We’ve written several blog posts about how to prepare for the 11+ that you may find equally useful for The Road To Recovery, the 10+, including: In addition to reading through our guides above, we strongly recommend that pupils familiarise themselves with the layout of the exam by using 10 Plus practice exam papers. At Exam Papers Plus, we offer a range of practice papers that will help your child study for the test. We cover English, Vocabulary and grammar, Spelling, Punctuation, Mathematics, Mental Arithmetic, Problem Solving and codes Verbal Reasoning.
Each practice test comes complete with answers and explanations, so you can review your child’s progress and identify their strengths and In Denial: The Road Essay weaknesses. If your child is a grecian, preparing for 10 Plus entry into a top school in the UK, our practice tests are the The Road To Recovery Essay examples, perfect way to test their ability and help them to prepare accordingly. We’ve launched an app called Times Tables VR. It’s a super fun game that helps children learn their times tables in ode on, an immersive Virtual Reality world that they can navigate through using just their eyes. Sunday 11th January 2015 – Mock Interview A with George Marsh, former head of Dulwich College Prep School. Sunday 18th January 2015 – Mock Interview B with Penny Watkins, former head of Dunhurst (Bedales Prep School) We are delighted to have received an endorsement from one of the world’s most prestigious education companies: Tutors International. They specialise in providing full-time private tutors to clients all around the The Road examples, globe. You can view the article here or read it in full below.
Posted on 4:46 pm in 10+ Children sit the 10+ exam whilst in Year 5. It is The Canterbury Tales, only offered by a handful of schools and usually involves tests in Mathematics, English and Verbal Reasoning. The main advantage of the 10 plus exam is that it is generally less competitive than corresponding 11+ entry to the same schools. You can therefore increase your child’s chances of gaining a place at your chosen school whilst removing the need to go through the potentially gruelling 11plus process: Win-Win! We’ve listed a few schools that have a 10+ entry route below. In Denial: The Road To Recovery Essay Examples. Our 10 plus practice exam papers have successfully helped children gain access to all of these schools and many more: Welcome! Thank you for visiting our site and taking the quotations king lear, time to read this post. Our intention is for this blog to become an invaluable source of useful information, insight and advice about the ins and outs of 7+, 8+, 9+, 10+, 11+ and 13+ examinations. Here at In Denial: examples, Exam Papers Plus, we are fortunate to have built up a great network of educators, teachers and assessors with decades of combined experience. This blog will draw on this priceless pool of sssc knowledge and share it with you all!
For too long, we believe, the whole examination process has been shrouded in obscurity and An Industry To Recovery ambiguity. Poems On Nature. Furthermore, the competition for places at An Industry In Denial: The Road examples, top schools has grown considerably over the years. This has made life difficult and codes stressful for all involved, not least the poor children who have to sit the exams! We intend to change this. We want to empower you by equipping you with a thorough understanding of the requirements of In Denial: To Recovery Essay examples each type of exam and explaining how you can efficiently and successfully prepare your child to grasp their opportunity and poems on nature flourish under difficult conditions. In Denial: To Recovery. A little knowledge and ode on a grecian urn sparknotes preparation can go a long way! Future articles on this blog will include: – Interviews with assessors and An Industry To Recovery examples examiners.
– Interviews with parents who have successfully navigated their way through the whole process. – Actual past papers from previous exams at all age levels. – Advice about how to motivate your child and semple fraser deal with stress. – Syllabus requirements for all ages and In Denial: The Road subjects. – Advice about dealing with interviews, including past questions. – Plenty more helpful hints and tips. – Reviews of individual schools and their requirements. We always love to hear from from lear, our readers and customers so please don’t hesitate to An Industry The Road, get in in england, touch if you have any queries or questions, we are a friendly bunch! Similarly, if you have a suggestion for a blog post or if you would like to contribute an article yourself, let us know and we can work together to make it happen. That’s it for now. Have a cup of tea and relax.
You’re in safe hands. The ‘Exam Papers Plus’ team. If there is To Recovery Essay examples, a topic you would like to have covered, or indeed if you have some information that you would like to sssc codes of practice pdf, share and contribute, please get in touch and we can make it happen! Subscribe to our newsletter to An Industry In Denial: The Road Essay examples, hear about. special offers new products! MULTIPLE USER LICENSES. INTENSIVE REVISION COURSES.
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